1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea sellowii Rupr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. & S. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms scandent; 200-300 cm long; 3 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes elliptical in section; solid; 10-17 cm long; smooth; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several, or many; in a clump; as thick as stem, or thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; antrorsely scabrous. Leaf-sheaths without keel; striately veined; pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5 mm long; obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded; symmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 1.5 cm long; petiole glabrous. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 3-9 cm long; 6-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 4-8 secondary veins; with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; sparsely hairy; hairy on both sides.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; terminal and axillary; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle spiciform; elliptic, or globose; secund; 1-2 cm long. Panicle axis pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 6 mm long; 2.5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 6 mm long; 2.5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblate; 1-1.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex cuspidate. Upper glume oblate; 1-1.5 mm long; 0.33 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex cuspidate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 3-4 mm long; 0.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; ciliate on margins; truncate. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 6 mm long; 2 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; ciliate on margins; truncate. Fertile lemma ovate; 6 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex truncate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Cat 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea sellowii Rupr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 18, 2006 Forzza, R.C. [3524], Brazil K000925373
    Aug 15, 2006 Forzza, R.C. [3524], Brazil K000925372
    Jan 1, 1995 Arbo, M.M. [5275], Brazil K000925291
    Jul 1, 1992 Sello, Brazil K000433254 isotype
    Clark, L. [808], Brazil K000925374
    Clark, L. [617], Brazil K000925375

    First published in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 5: 125 (1839)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0