1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea wilkesii Munro

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Rio de Janeiro).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms scandent; woody. Culm-internodes terete; 17 cm long; distally hirsute. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several (6-8); in a clump; thinner than stem. Leaf-sheaths hirsute. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 7-10 cm long; 8-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation indistinct; with 8 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; pilose; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; 5-8 cm long. Primary panicle branches reflexed. Panicle axis hispid. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 3 mm long; 0.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-keeled; ciliate on margins; acute; mucronate. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 3 mm long; chartaceous; ciliate on margins; acute; mucronate. Fertile lemma ovate; 6 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma lateral veins prominent. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy between veins. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea surface pubescent; hairy on back.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Munro 2001.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea wilkesii Munro appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 63 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0