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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Asia to N. Australia.
Adenanthera pavonina

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Cultivated
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
Acacia Coral, Agati, Agati Petite Feuille, Arbre a Eglise, Bead Tree, Boir Noir a Graines Rouges, Boir Noir a la Graine, Boir Noir de Bourbon, Boir Noir Rouge, Bois Noir a Graines Rouges, Bois Noir a la Graine, Bois Noir de Bourbon, Bois Noir Rouge, Bonar

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 600 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Trees 4–20 m. high.
Morphology Branches
Young branchlets usually glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 40 cm. long; pinnae 3–5 pairs; leaflets 5–9 on each side of the pinna-rhachis, elliptic to ovate- or obovate-elliptic, 1.5–4.5 cm. long, 1.2–2.3 cm. wide, shortly petiolulate, rounded at apex, minutely puberulous especially beneath (use × 20 lens).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 9–26 cm. long, glabrous or slightly puberulous; pedicels 2–3.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellowish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0.75–1 mm. long, usually glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 3–4.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 2.5–4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 18–22 cm. long, 1.3–1.7 cm. wide, brown outside, after dehiscence the valves reflexing spirally to show the satiny-yellow inner surface and the rather persistent, scarlet, elliptic-lenticular, glossy seeds which are 8–10 × 7–9 mm.
Habitat
“Thicket”; 1310 m.
Distribution
U4 native of tropical Asia, but introduced into other parts of the tropics

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
chocho

[ILDIS]
Use
Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Food and Drink, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Wood

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Angola, Bahamas, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Chad, Comoros, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Fiji, Florida, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nauru, New Caledonia, Nigeria, Niue, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Philippines, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Tanzania, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is., Zaïre

Adenanthera pavonina L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 1995 Hatschbach, G. [60738], Mato Grosso do Sul K000849174
Oct 1, 1990 Hage, J.L. [2235], Bahia K000090461
Oct 1, 1990 Hage, J.L. [2183], Bahia K000090462
Jan 1, 1986 Balée, W.L. [797], Maranhão K000849172
Apr 1, 1984 Santos, F.S. [107], Bahia K000090460
Aug 1, 1983 Santos, T.S. [3849], Bahia K000090459
Feb 1, 1983 Hage, J.L. [549], Bahia K000090458
Nov 1, 1982 Streimann, H. [NGF 39083], Papua New Guinea K000654730
Nov 1, 1982 Kostermans [371], Irian Jaya K000654733
Nov 1, 1982 Pullen, R. [7276], Bismarck Archipelago K000654731
Jan 1, 1982 Merril, E.D. [1977], Philippines K000295932
Oct 1, 1981 Hage, J.L. [348], Bahia K000090463
Jan 1, 1935 Ekman, E.L. [15357], Dominican Republic K000966249
Borden, E.T. [1599], Philippines K000295929
Coode, M.J.E. [s.n.], Papua New Guinea K000654736
Lehmann, F.C. [1272], Jamaica K000966248
Ahern's collector [1496], Philippines K001040250
Glaziou, A. [8420], Brazil K000849175
Barbon [5554], Philippines K000295925
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5300], Myanmar K001120435
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5300] K001120434
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 5300], Myanmar K001120436
Stone, B.C. [6338], Philippines K000295926
Merril, E.D. [3863], Philippines K000295931
Kostermans [371], Irian Jaya K000654732
Balée, W.L. [1041], Maranhão K000849173
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5300], Myanmar K001129372
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5300], Myanmar K001120438
Versteeg [1965], Irian Jaya K000654735
Ahern's [1496], Philippines K000295927
Loher, A. [2181], Philippines K000295928
Branderhorst [152], Irian Jaya K000654734
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5300] K001120437

First published in Sp. Pl.: 384 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Banks, R.C. (ed.) (1982). Wildlife and wildlife habitat of American Samoa 2: 1-151. U.S. Fisch and Wildlife services, Washington.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Dash, S.S. (2011). Notes on the distribution of some Legume species in Arunachal Pradesh Nelumbo 53: 183-193.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Gardner, R.O. (2011). Trees and shrubs of Niue: an identification guide to the island's indigenous and naturalised woody plants: 1-244. R.O. Gardner, Auckland, New Zealand.
  • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Starr, F. & Starr, K. (2011). New plant records for Midway atoll, Maui and Kaho'olawe Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 110: 23-35.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
  • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
  • Toyama, H. & al. (2013). Inventory of the woody flora in Permanent plats of Kampong Thom and Kompong Chhnang provinces, Cambodia Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 64: 45-105.
  • Wilder, G. P. (1934). The flora of Makatea CNV Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 120: 1-49.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Banks, R.C. (ed.) (1982). Wildlife and wildlife habitat of American Samoa 2: 1-151. U.S. Fisch and Wildlife services, Washington.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Dash, S.S. (2011). Notes on the distribution of some Legume species in Arunachal Pradesh Nelumbo 53: 183-193.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Gardner, R.O. (2011). Trees and shrubs of Niue: an identification guide to the island's indigenous and naturalised woody plants: 1-244. R.O. Gardner, Auckland, New Zealand.
  • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
  • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Starr, F. & Starr, K. (2011). New plant records for Midway atoll, Maui and Kaho'olawe Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 110: 23-35.
  • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
  • Toyama, H. & al. (2013). Inventory of the woody flora in Permanent plats of Kampong Thom and Kompong Chhnang provinces, Cambodia Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 64: 45-105.
  • Wilder, G. P. (1934). The flora of Makatea CNV Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 120: 1-49.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 797 (1930).
  • Dale, Introd. Trees Uganda: 4 (1953).
  • Gilb. & Bout. in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 3: 219 (1952).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 339 (1949).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 384 (1753).
  • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 106 (1949).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Adams, C. D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica Univ. West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
  • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
  • Baker, J. G. (1877). Flora of Mauritius and the Seychelles
  • Brenan, J. P. M. (1959). Mimosoideae. In: Fl. Trop. East Africa. Hubbard & Milne-Redhead
  • Dale, I. R. (1953). A descriptive list of the introduced trees of Uganda
  • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
  • Howard, R. A. et al. (1988). Dicotyledoneae Part 1. Fl. Lesser Antilles Arnold Arboretum
  • Isely, D. (1998). Native & naturalized Leg. of the USA. Brigham Young Univ. Utah
  • Jain, S. K. (1991). Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany
  • Kostermans, A. J. G. H. (1980). Mimosaceae. In Flora of Ceylon, Vol. 1. M. D. Dassanayalu....
  • Liberato, Maria Candida (1973). Flora de Sao Tome e Principe: Mimosaceae
  • Liogier, A. H. (1985). La Flore de la Espanola. III
  • Nielsen, I. & Guinet, P. (1992). Nord. J. Bot. 12(1) : 85-114. Synopsis of Adenanthera(Mim.)
  • Nielsen, I. (1981). Leg-Mim. In: Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et Viet-nam, Vol 19. A.
  • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
  • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
  • Proctor, G. R. (1984). Fl. Cayman Islands Kew Bull. Addit. Ser. XI
  • Robertson, S. A. & Todd, D. M. (1983). Atoll Res. Bull. 273(3) :39-64 Vegetation of Frigate Island
  • Robertson, S. A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
  • Sykes, W. (1979). Flora of Niue
  • Vaughan, R. E. (1937). Mauritius Inst. Bull. 1(1). Catalogue of flowering plants ...
  • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
  • Welsh, S. L. (1998). Flora Societensis
  • de Cordemoy, E. J. (1895). Flore de l'ile de la Reunion

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Legumes of the World Online
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
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