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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Uganda and Angola.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Dioscoreaceae, J. Miège. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Perennial climber with spiny stems 12 ft. high
Morphology Leaves
Trinerved ovate leaves.

[FTEA]

Dioscoreaceae, E. Milne-Redhead. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

Morphology General Habit
Tuber probably replaced annually, shape and armament not recorded.
Morphology Stem
Twining stems with scattered prickles below.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or alternate, glabrous; petiole up to 7 cm. long; blade ovate, elliptic or rarely suborbicular, rounded at the base, broadly and shortly acuminate, conspicuously 3-nerved with the lateral nerves running near the margin, up to 9(–13) cm. long and 6(–10) cm. broad.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Aerial tubers not observed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male spicate, up to 7 cm. long, arising up to 6 in the axils of leaves or leafless nodes on terminal or lateral branches up to 40 cm. long; perianth subglobose, ± 1.5 mm. in diameter. Female 1 per leaf-axil, up to 40 cm. long, often much shorter; perianth semi-globose, ± 1.5 mm. in diameter. Ovary glabrous.
sex Male
Male spicate, up to 7 cm. long, arising up to 6 in the axils of leaves or leafless nodes on terminal or lateral branches up to 40 cm. long; perianth subglobose, ± 1.5 mm. in diameter.
sex Female
Female 1 per leaf-axil, up to 40 cm. long, often much shorter; perianth semi-globose, ± 1.5 mm. in diameter. Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule as 6, D. odoratissima, up to 3.5 cm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds winged all round.
Habitat
Lowland rain-forest; 1200 m.
Distribution
U4 Zaire, Angola (Zaire), Cameroun, Fernando Po and westwards to Sierra Leone

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

Dioscorea smilacifolia De Wild. & T.Durand appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 1, 2009 Nana felicite [67], Cameroon K000339013
Jan 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [12003], Cameroon K000199853
Oct 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [7164], Cameroon K000109583
Dec 1, 2000 Wheatley, J.I. [376], Cameroon K000436721
Thomas, N.W. [7434], Sierra Leone K000809885
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [6186], Liberia K000809888
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [11151], Liberia K000809889
Wilde, J.J.F.E. de [3581], Côte d'Ivoire K000809892
Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8051], Côte d'Ivoire K000809895
s.coll [20273], Nigeria K000809897
Binuyo, A. [35194], Cameroon K000809901
Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [9035], Cameroon K000809905
Harris, D.J. [21], Central African Republic K000809907
Casas, F. [11417], Equatorial Guinea K000809908
Sosef, M.S.M. [1051], Gabon K000809909
Menavanza, F. [107], Congo, DRC K000809912
Menavanza, F. [107], Congo, DRC K000809913
Elliot, G.F.S. [4026], Sierra Leone K001146054
s.coll [76], Liberia K001146056
Oldeman, R.A.A. [93], Côte d'Ivoire K001146060
Meikle, R.D. [1193], Nigeria K001146074
Binuyo, A. [35194], Cameroon K001146084
Louis [4227], Congo, DRC K001146508
Louis, J.L.P. [5638], Congo, DRC K001146511
Leeuweberg, M.J.A. [2925], Côte d'Ivoire K000809894
Thomas, N.W. [s.n.], Sierra Leone K001146053
Thomas, N.W. [2343], Nigeria K001146076
Leeuweberg, M.J.A. [2382], Côte d'Ivoire K001146061
Leeuweberg, M.J.A. [2207], Côte d'Ivoire K000809893
Glanville, R.R. [1526], Sierra Leone K000809887
Mann, G. [2283], Nigeria K001146083
Meikle, R.D. [1193], Nigeria K001146073
Zenker, G.A. [2737], Cameroon K001146503
Cummins, H.A. [s.n.], Ghana K001146069
Dunlap [s.n.], Cameroon K001146085
Dummer, R.A. [4364], Uganda K001147452
Harley, W.J. [902], Liberia K001146067
Gossweiler [9128], Angola K001146506
Onochie, C.F.A. [35329], Nigeria K000809900
Talbot, P.A. [s.n.], Nigeria K001146079
Champluvier, D. [5218], Congo, DRC K000809911
Bos, J. [2342], Liberia K001146066
Whyte, A. [s.n.], Liberia K001146055
s.coll [20273], Nigeria K000809898
Boughey, A.S. [14763], Côte d'Ivoire K001146058
Zenker, G.A. [1263], Cameroon K001146504
Guinea, E. [1279] K001146086
Adam, J.G. [20898], Liberia K001146068
s.coll [87], Ghana K001146062
Thomas, N.W. [2081], Nigeria K001146077
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [13976A], Cameroon K000809906
Harris, D.J. [1422], Central African Republic K000809902
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [11151], Liberia K001146057
Irvine, F.R. [590], Ghana K001146064
Fay, J.M. [1979], Central African Republic K000809903
Harder, D.K. [3385], Ghana K000809896
Compère, P. [389], Congo, DRC K001146512
Keay [25663], Nigeria K001146072
Guinea, E. [1277] K001146087
Gossweiler, J. [6545], Angola K001146505
Onochie, C.F.A. [35329], Nigeria K000809899
Keay, R.W.J. [25663], Nigeria K001146071
Fishlock, W.C. [3], Ghana K001146063
Robyns [1151], Congo, DRC K001146509
Talbot, P.A. [s.n.], Nigeria K001146078
Oldeman, R.A.A. [848], Côte d'Ivoire K001146059
Harris, D.J. [87], Central African Republic K000809904
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [11136], Liberia K000809890
Irvine, F.R. [120], Ghana K001146070
Whyte, A. [s.n.], Liberia K001146065
Elliot, G.F.S. [4157], Sierra Leone K001146051
Mann, G. [2283], Nigeria K001146082
Jones, A.P.D. [2558], Nigeria K001146075
Bos, J.J. [2499], Liberia K000809891
Germain, R.G.A. [8464], Congo, DRC K001146507
Champluvier, D. [5218], Congo, DRC K000809910
Thomas, N.W. [7620], Sierra Leone K001146052
Glanville, R.R. [1526], Sierra Leone K000809886
s.coll [48] K001146081
Wieringa, J.J. [721], Gabon K001146510
s.coll [117], Nigeria K001146080

First published in Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., sér. 2, 1(1): 58 (1899)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Govaerts, R., Wilkin, P. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2007). World Checklist of Dioscoreales. Yams and their allies: 1-65. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Burkill in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 15: 391 (1939)
  • Knuth in Engl., Pflanzenr. Dioscoreac. 4, 43: 303 (1924)
  • Miège, Contrib. Dioscor. 138 (1952).
  • in Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot., sér. 2, 1: 58 (1899)
  • in Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot., sér. 3, 1: 239 (1901)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Burkill in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 15: 391 (1939).
  • De Wild. & Th. Dur. in Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot., sér. 2, 1: 58 (1899)
  • De Wild. & Th. Dur. in Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot., sér. 3, 1: 239 (1901).
  • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa 2: 382 (1936).
  • Miège in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 153 (1968).
  • R. Knuth in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 43: 303 (1924).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0