1. Family: Caprifoliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dipsacus L.
      1. Dipsacus pinnatifidus Steud. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mountains of NE. & E. Tropical Africa to DR Congo, Cameroon.

    [FWTA]

    Dipsacaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A stout erect perennial herb up to 5 ft. high, with prickly stems and midribs
    Flowers
    Flowers white, in prickly, long-pedunculate heads
    Ecology
    In montane grassland.
    [FTEA]

    Dipsacaceae, D. M. Napper. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Perennial herbs 0.6–3 m. high.
    Stem
    Stems erect, usually stout, angular and bearing small prickles on the angles, rarely terete and smooth, glabrous throughout or with the lower internodes pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, 5–20 cm. long, lanceolate, rounded below, toothed or pinnatipartite, with the midrib and sometimes the secondary veins aculeate beneath, usually glabrous; bases of the upper stem-leaves sometimes connate; lateral shoots with much smaller and less divided subpetiolate or sessile leaves.
    Inflorescences
    Terminal inflorescences of one to several heads on aculeate peduncles resembling the stems, often more densely aculeate and pubescent beneath the globose 2.5–4(–4.5) cm. diameter head; lateral inflorescences frequently developed on older plants, more contracted, with heads 2–3 cm. in diameter.
    Bracts
    Bracts of the receptacle chartaceous, acuminate, spine-tipped and very variable in size, especially in the length of the pubescent spiny tip. Involucral bracts spreading, foliaceous, attenuate, from half the length of to slightly exceeding the head.
    Bracteoles
    Involucel pubescent, becoming 3–4 mm. long in fruit with a narrow sinuate membranous limb when mature.
    Calyx
    Calyx cupular, 1–1.5 mm. long, shallowly 4-lobed, pilose.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or cream, 6–15 mm. long; tube sparingly pubescent without; lobes glabrous, subequal.
    Figures
    Fig. 1.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland and damp places, glades in upland forest and bamboo thicket; 2000–3950 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K6 T2 U1 U2 U3 also from the Cameroon Mts. to Ethiopia and the Congo Republic

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Dipsacus pinnatifidus Steud. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schimper [563], Ethiopia K000252325
    Schimper [563], Ethiopia K000252326
    Schimper [865], Ethiopia K000252328
    Schimper [865], Ethiopia K000252329
    Schimper [665], Ethiopia K000252330
    Schimper [665], Ethiopia K000252331
    Ethiopia K000252327
    Quartin-Dillon [919], Ethiopia K000252324

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 367 (1848)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Napper, D.M. (1968). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dipsacaceae: 1-11.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Hedberg in Sym. Bot. Upsal. 15: 183 (1957).
    • Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 367 (1848)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 1028 (1965).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 223 (1963).
    • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 183 (1957).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 467 (1952).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 2: 385 (1947).
    • De Wild., Pl. Bequaert. 1: 555 (1922).
    • Mildbr. in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 342 (1912).
    • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 396 (1895).
    • Engl, Hochgeb. Trop. Afr.: 403 (1892).
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 250 (1877).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 367 (1847).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0