1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Aristida L.
      1. Aristida adscensionis L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics. It is used as a medicine.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 500 - 2500 m.; Andes, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Annual, up to about 1 m. high
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades often becoming involute
    Ecology
    Common on dry, shallow or over-farmed soils.
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 500 - 2500 m.
    Habit
    Herb.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 10:1. 1971

    Habit
    Annual, 10-100 cm. high, caespitose.
    Culms
    Culms erect, somewhat geniculately ascending, often branched from the base and lower nodes, glabrous, smooth, often purplish; nodes glabrous, smooth.
    Leaf sheaths
    Leaf-sheaths tightly or laxly embracing the culm, more or less keeled, striate, smooth or scaberulous.
    Ligules
    Ligule a short-ciliate rim; auricles smooth or minutely pubescent; collar glabrous.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf-laminae up to 15 x 0·1-0·25 cm., linear, usually flat, scabrid above, usually glabrous beneath, with margins conspicuously thickened.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle up to 25 x 0·1-0·25 cm., exserted, erect, narrow and dense, interrupted at the base, or lax, many-flowered with a scabrous axis and appressed, erect or somewhat spreading, scabrous or scaberulous branches.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets greenish or green tinged with purple.
    Glume
    Glumes unequal, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate-oblong, more or less keeled; the inferior 4-7 mm. long, 1-nerved, minutely scaberulous or glabrous, emarginate at the apex with obtuse lobes and with an exserted mucro from the sinus, or acute, scabrous or scaberulous on the keel; the superior up to 6-8·5 mm. long, erose, 2-fid at the apex, with a mucro or short awn from the sinus, becoming scabrous on the keel towards the apex.
    Lemma
    Lemma (5·5)8-10(14) mm., usually exceeding, sometimes as long as, the glumes, tubular or slightly compressed, not narrowed upwards, pallid, usually with purple spots or tinged with purple, finely punctulate and scabrous on the keel, rarely scabrous on lateral sides towards the apex; column absent; awns unequal or subequal, more or less winged towards the base, very scabrous, the central awn being up to 20 mm. long, lateral ones 8-15 mm. long; callus 0·5-0·7 mm. long, obtuse, densely shortly barbate; articulation absent.
    Cytology
    2n = 22.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annual, forming erect or sprawling tufts 10–100 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear, up to 20 cm. long and 3 mm. wide, expanded or folded.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle up to 30 cm. long, occasionally lax, usually ± contracted about the main branches, sometimes narrow and dense.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets pallid, green or tinged with purple; glumes unequal, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, scaberulous on the keel, emarginate and mucronate or acute but never awned, the upper 5–10 mm. long, the lower 1–3 mm. shorter; lemma 5–13 mm. long, sometimes no longer than the glumes but usually exceeding the upper by 1–2 mm. or more, laterally compressed, convolute, scabrid on the keel or sometimes generally scaberulous on the upper part, passing into the awns without constriction or articulation; callus narrowly oblong, 0.5 mm. long, obtuse; central awn 7–25 mm. long, the laterals subequal or occasionally conspicuously shorter.
    Habitat
    A cosmopolitan pioneer of dry soils and waste places; 0–2000 m.
    Distribution
    throughout the tropics K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual, or perennial. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 10-100 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Culm-nodes glabrous. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 5-20 cm long; 1-3 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open, or contracted; elliptic; 10-30 cm long; evenly furnished, or contracted about primary branches. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 6-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 0.5 mm long; pilose; obtuse.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 6-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 0.5 mm long; pilose; obtuse.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; reaching apex of florets, or shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-7 mm long; 0.8 length of upper glume; scarious; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex emarginate, or acute; muticous, or mucronate. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-10 mm long; 0.75-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex dentate; 2 -fid; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; laterally compressed; 5-13 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein scabrous. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn with 7-25 mm long limb; persistent. Lateral lemma awns 5-25 mm long; subequal to principal, or shorter than principal. Palea 0.2 length of lemma; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Europe: southwestern and southeastern. Africa: north, Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, middle Atlantic ocean, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, China, and Mongolia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Pacific: south-central and north-central. North America: northwest USA, north-central USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Aristideae. FTEA.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Diagnostic
    Distinguished from A. adscensionis by its perennial habit.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect; slender; 45-90 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches ample. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat; 15-30 cm long; 2-3 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; effuse; 20-30 cm long; 15 cm wide; with spikelets clustered towards branch tips. Primary panicle branches spreading. Panicle branches flexuous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; subterete; 10-11.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; bearded; obtuse.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; subterete; 10-11.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; bearded; obtuse.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 6-8.5 mm long; 0.66-1.1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface scabrous; rough above. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 5.5-8 mm long; 0.66 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex truncate, or obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma linear; subterete; 9-11.5 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous; rough above. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn with 16 mm long limb; persistent. Lateral lemma awns 13 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Aristideae. De Winter 1993.
    [UPB]
    Medicines
    Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Aruba, Ascension, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, China North-Central, China South-Central, Colombia, Colorado, Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Galápagos, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Haiti, Honduras, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Guinea, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Xinjiang, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Hawaii, Madagascar, Maryland, Mauritius, Missouri, New York, Rodrigues, Réunion, South Carolina

    Common Names

    English
    Annual bristle grass, Annual three-awn

    Aristida adscensionis L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [91], Cape Verde K001134140
    Oct 27, 2008 Crawford, F. [90], Namibia K000450399
    Kerr, A.F.G. [16169], Thailand K000621711
    Larsen, K. [8309], Thailand K000682308
    Hatschbach, G. [64587], Brazil K001101353
    Bridges [s.n.], Chile K000308694
    Tweedie [s.n.], Buenos Aires K000308695
    Schimper [1796], Ethiopia K000366855
    Schimper [32], Ethiopia K000366856
    Schimper [319], Ethiopia K000366857
    Schimper [1047], Ethiopia K000366858
    Geesink, R. [7887], Thailand K000682307
    Bidgood, S. [5288], Tanzania K000190518
    Bidgood, S. [5706], Tanzania K000468718
    Smitinand, T. [3873], Thailand K000682306
    Ferrucci, M.S. [1003], Brazil K001101351
    Jameson [s.n.] K000308693
    Cuming, H. [594], Chile K000308691
    Cuming, H. [594], Chile K000308692
    Kotschy [248], Ethiopia K000366859
    Kotschy [226], Ethiopia K000366860
    Kotschy [226], Ethiopia K000366861 Unknown type material
    Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa K000366712
    Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa K000366714
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000366711
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000366713
    Lazarides, M. [7402], Thailand K000682304
    Lazarides, M. [7432], Thailand K000682305
    Williams, S. W. [11465], China K000906048
    Charoenphol, Ch. [4888], Thailand K000682309
    Schweinfurth, G.A. [1957], Yemen K000906051
    Brown, J.W. [425], Ghana K001067996
    Brown, J.W. [s.n.], Ascension K000298370
    McNab [s.n.], Jamaica K000308621
    Boissier, P.E. [s.n.] K000906052
    Schimper, W.P. [368] K000906054
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000906053
    Regel, E.A.von [s.n.] K000906049
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001101352
    Glaziou [12273], Brazil K001101354
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3786], India Aristida depressa K001117209
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3786] Aristida depressa K001117210
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3786] Aristida depressa K001117211
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3786] Aristida depressa K001117212
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3786], India Aristida depressa K001117213
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3786] Aristida depressa K001117214
    Boivin [s.n.], Madagascar Aristida chaetophylla K000366705

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 82 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Gardère, M.L. & al. (2019). L'espédition scientifique de João da Silva Feijó aux îles du Cap Vert (1783-1796) et les tribulations de son herbier Adansonia, sér. 3, 41: 101-176.
    • Thiv, M. & al. (2019). Lifeforms as criterion for species delimitation: Are Aristida adscensionis and A. coerulescens (Aristidoideae, Poaceae) two species? Phytotaxa 393: 67-74.
    • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
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    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
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    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
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    • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
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    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
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    Flora of West Tropical Africa
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0