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  1. Family: Dipterocarpaceae Blume
    1. Genus: Monotes A.DC.
      1. Monotes africanus A.DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Dipterocarpaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 3–9(–15) m. tall; crown flattish or spreading and rounded, branchlets grey or brown, glabrous; bark dark grey, slightly reticulately fissured or ± rough and longitudinally fissured.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades oblong or ovate-oblong to broadly elliptic or ± obovate, 5–11 cm. long, 1.4–7 cm. wide, obtuse to emarginate at the apex, rounded or almost cuneate to slightly cordate at the base, the upper surface finely reticulate, glabrous except for midrib and lateral nerves, or sometimes viscid from numerous minute yellow glands, concolorous, the lower surface with minute curled and straight hairs on the nerves and reticulation, which is typically much less conspicuous than in other species; areoles usually glabrous but often viscid-looking; petioles 0.7–1.7 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, lax or ± condensed, 1.5–3(–7) cm. long, few-flowered, fulvous-tomentose; peduncle 1.5–3 cm. long; pedicels 3–8 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals ovate, 2–3.5 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, densely woolly-rufous-tomentose.
    Corolla
    Petals brownish white, orange with yellowish basal part or greenish cream with red base, linear-oblong, 8–10 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. wide, densely greyish subsericeous-tomentose.
    Anthers
    Anthers with connectives produced into an emarginate or triangular lobe.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1–1.5 cm. diameter or conical, ± 1.5 × 0.9 cm., silky adpressed puberulous and with longer hairs; wings yellowish or brownish, often tinged red, elliptic to obovate, 2.5–4.5 cm. long, 0.75 cm. wide.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia-Uapaca, etc., woodland, sometimes in wetter valley bottoms; 350–1800 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T5 T6 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Dipterocarpaceae, P. Duvigneaud. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree up to 8 m. high; branchlets greyish or brownish, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 5–10 × 2·5–5·5 cm., elliptic to oblong or obovate, obtuse to emarginate at the apex, rounded to slightly cordate at the base; upper surface finely reticulate, typically bullate in the angles made by the lateral nerves and midrib (with a corresponding depression on the lower face), glabrous except sometimes for the midrib and lateral nerves, viscid from numerous punctiform yellow glands; lower surface concolorous, puberulous with very minute curled or coiled meso-pachydermatous hairs mixed with some straight ones on the nerves and reticulation, the interreticular areoles generally glabrous; midrib and lateral nerves slightly depressed above and prominent beneath; lateral nerves in 8–13 pairs (with a strong tendency to the formation of short subsidiaries), nearly straight but incurved at the apex without reaching the margin of the leaf; veins and reticulation not very prominent but quite conspicuous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1·5–3 cm. long, axillary, ± condensed or lax, few-flowered, fulvous-tomentellous; peduncle 1 -5–3 cm. long, slender; pedicels 3–8 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals 2 mm. long, densely woolly-rufous-tomentose.
    Corolla
    Petals 8 mm. long, densely greyish-subsericeous-tomentose.
    Stamens
    Stamens with anthers produced into a large emarginate or triangular lobe.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1–1·5 cm. in diam., subglobose, rounded to conical at the apex, sericeous; wings 2·5–3·5 × 1·2–1·6 cm., yellowish or brownish, elliptic to obovate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Monotes africanus A.DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 23, 1986 Goetze, W. [501] K000240366
    Timberlake, J. [4904], Mozambique K000545254
    Timberlake, J. [4946], Mozambique K000545296

    Bibliography

    First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2): 624 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dipterocarpaceae: 1-10.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Abreu, J.A. & Figueira, R. (2013). Revision of the family Dipterocarpaceae in Angola Blumea 57: 263-274.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 26 (1980).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 262 (1962).
    • Duvign. in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 415 (1961).
    • Milne-Redh. in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 222 (1953).
    • Duvign. in Lejeunea 13: 42 (1951).
    • Exell & Mendonça, Consp. Fl. Angol. 1 (2) (Adenda e Corrigenda): 371 (1951).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 183 (1949).
    • H. Bancr. in Bol. Soc. Brot, sér. 2, 13: 372 (1939).
    • H. Bancr. in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 136 (1937)
    • Exell in Journal of Botany 65, Suppl. Polypet.: 31 (1927).
    • Gilg in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 28: 137 (1899)
    • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 61 (1896).
    • A DC. in DC., Prodr. 16(2): 624 (July 1868).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0