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  1. Family: Dipterocarpaceae Blume
    1. Genus: Monotes A.DC.
      1. Monotes magnificus Gilg

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & SW. Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Dipterocarpaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree or shrubby tree 4–6(–8) m. tall, with small rounded crown and rather crooked bole; bark grey, rough, fissured vertically; youngest shoots densely pubescent, soon glabrescent and with corrugated bark.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades oblong, broadly elliptic-oblong or ± obovate-oblong, 9.5–24 cm. long, 5.5–20 cm. wide, retuse at apex, truncate to cordate at the base, densely pubescent above, discolorous, densely whitish furry or woolly-velvety beneath covering the very close raised reticulation, the areoles covered with minute stellate hairs; additional extra-floral nectaries usually present in axils of lateral nerves; petiole 1.5–3.5(–4) cm. long, thick.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, few-flowered, subsessile, often condensed into subterminal clusters, densely tomentose; pedicels 0.3–2.2 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals 0.7–1.3 cm. long, 5–6 mm. wide, very densely adpressed silky pilose.
    Corolla
    Petals dull yellow-green, 1.1–1.3 cm. long, 7 mm. wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8 mm. long, the anther-connectives with a short triangular apiculum.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1.5–2.3 cm. diameter, very woody, densely adpressed pubescent and pilose, eventually sparsely shortly pubescent; wings reddish or yellow, elliptic or oblanceolate, 4–7 cm. long, 1.5–3.2 cm. wide.
    Figures
    Fig. 2.
    Habitat
    Mixed Brachystegia woodland (often B. longifolia); 1050–1900 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T5 T7
    [FZ]

    Dipterocarpaceae, P. Duvigneaud. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrub to small tree up to 8 m. high; branchlets pubescent, becoming glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina very large, 13–23 × 11–17 cm., suborbicular, emarginate at the apex, cordate at the base; upper surface finely reticulate, substrigose, with straight single (rarely geminate) subappressed pachydermatous hairs (becoming sparse with age); lower surface discolorous, greyish- or brownish-floccose-tomentose, with relatively long dense curled lepto-mesodermatous (thin- to medium-walled) hairs on the nerves and veins, and with the reticulations and interreticular areoles covered with minute stellate hairs; extra leaf-glands in the axils of the lateral nerves; lateral nerves in 10–11 pairs (with a weak tendency to formation of short subsidiaries), slightly depressed above and very prominent and very thick beneath, slightly curving towards the apex, many of them producing 1–3 bifurcations on the side nearest the base of the leaf before reaching the margin, nerves and bifurcations anastomosing on the thickened margin; veins prominent and conspicuous; reticulation partially hidden by hairs; petiole 2–3·5 cm. long, thick.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, few-flowered, subsessile, often condensed in subterminal clusters, densely rufous-tomentose; pedicels 3–6 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals 7 mm. long, rufous-sericeous-tomentose.
    Corolla
    Petals 11–12 mm. long, rufous-sericeous-tomentose.
    Stamens
    Stamens with anthers produced into a short triangular apiculus.
    Fruits
    Fruit 15–23 mm. in diam., spherical, slightly depressed at the apex, brownish, subsericeous-pubescent; wings 6–7 × 2·5 cm., yellow or reddish, broadly oblanceolate.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Monotes magnificus Gilg appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28: 135 (1899)

    Accepted by

    • Verdcourt, B. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dipterocarpaceae: 1-10.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 263, fig. 46G (1962).
    • Duvign. in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 412 (1961).
    • Duvign. in Lejeunea 13: 53 (1951)
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 183 (1949).
    • H. Bancr. in Bol. Soc. Brot, sér. 2, 13: 377 (1939).
    • De Wild., Pl. Bequaert. 4: 180 (1927).
    • Gilg in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 41: 290 (1908).
    • Gilg in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 28: 135 (1899)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0