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This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, N. Africa to Mauritania, Temp. Eurasia.

[FZ]

Plantaginaceae, G. Lehmann. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, extremely variable, glabrous, pubescent or more rarely densely pilose, growing from a more or less erect stout short rhizome; roots terete, 0.1–0.75 mm. in diam.; stem sericeous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in a basal rosette, spirally arranged, petiolate, rarely sessile.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Lamina (2) 8–25 (45) × 0.5–3.5 (8) cm., linear-lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate or spathulate, gradually narrowed into the petiole, entire or revolutely and shallowly dentate (3) 5 (7) veined, glabrous, appressed-pubescent or villous, apex acute or acuminate; petiole 2–21 cm. or longer, caulicate, flexible, glabrous or rarely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape erect or ascending (4) 10–80 (120) cm. long, 1–3 mm. in diam. 5-sulcate, more or less densely appressed pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence spicate; spikes cylindric to globose, (0.3) 0.5–5 (10) cm. long, 0.5–1.0 mm. in diam., very dense.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts 2.5–3.5 mm. long, ovate-acuminate, glabrous or shortly hairy; midrib distinct, brownish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2.5–3.5 mm. long, the anteriors adnante for most of their length but their midrib separate, ovate, apex slightly retuse, lateral sepals free, ovate, keeled often shortly hairy, usually ciliate along the keel above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted, anthers white with a yellow tinge.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ellipsoid to globose; pistil about twice as long as the flower, hairy, usually 2-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid, 3–4 mm. long, seeds 2 (2.5) mm. long, oblong in outline, blackish dorsally convex, ventrally concave.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, acaulous, to 60 cm, glabrous to pilose or hirsute-lanate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate in a basal rosette, lanceolate to lanceolate-oblong, 5–35 × 0.5–5 cm, usually petiolate, acute, margins entire to minutely dentate, 3–5-veined, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles (15–)25–50(–100) cm, usually erect, sometimes arcuate-ascending until becoming erect, longer than leaves, tough, grooved, angled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spike 1–8 cm, globose to cylindrical, dense, not woolly; bract as long as or somewhat longer than calyx, broadly ovate to ovate-lanceolate, usually glabrous to glabrescent, sometimes hirsute or villous in the lower flowers of the spike, scarious except midrib, acute to long-acuminate or caudate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3–4 mm, scarious except midrib, obtuse, glabrous except apex which is shortly ciliate, or villous at midrib, the two anterior sepals united to form a two-midribbed lobe, the two posterior sepals normal-Corolla glabrous, lobes ovate-lanceolate, acute or shortly acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 2-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ovoid, smooth.
Ecology
In silty and clay soils, wet margins of shallow seepages from irrigation channels and irrigated cultivations, shady orchards, marshy areas, alluvial plains of rivers, along roadsides and mountain slopes, and shady limestone slopes in forest (in northern Iraq); alt.: 40–1700 m
Phenology
Flowering and fruiting: Mar.–Aug.
Distribution
Frequent in the Mountain Regions and Upper Plains and Foothill Regions, less frequent in the Central Alluvial Plain Districts and in the Marsh District and in Basra. Europe to W Siberia and C Asia, Cyprus, Egypt, Sudan, Syria to Kuwait, Iran, India, naturalized in N America.
Note
Several infraspecific taxa were recognized in the original manuscript, but I have found it difficult to maintain these as the differences are small and there are many specimens which show characters that are intermediate between taxa. A very variable species with a wide distribution range.
Vernacular
RIKESHA,ZIBAD, IDHAN AS SAKHAILAH (recorded by Blakelock, loc.cit.).

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 1590 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FTEA]

Plantaginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
An extremely variable glabrous, pubescent or more rarely densely pilose perennial herb from a ± erect, thick, short rhizome; stem silky hairy.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves borne in a rosette, spirally arranged; blade linear-lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate or spathulate, (2-)10-15(-45) cm. long, 0.7-3(-8) cm. wide, acute or acuminate at the apex, usually entire or somewhat toothed, 3-5(-7)-veined, mostly gradually narrowed into a petiole usually equalling the blade in length but occasionally much shorter or much longer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence spicate, the spikes cylindric to globose, (0.3-)0.5-3.5(-10) cm. long; peduncles 5-120 cm. long, mostly furrowed and silky; bracts ovate-acuminate, 4-7 mm. long, dark blackish-green, with scarious points.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals rounded-ovate, 3-3.5 mm. long, glabrous or hairy on the margins or keels, the lower pair joined to form an obovate, ± bilobed 2-keeled organ.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla brownish-white, 3 mm. long; lobes narrowly ovate or ovate, 2-2.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers mostly white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ellipsoid, 3-6 mm. long, 1-2-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds yellow-brown to dark brown, shining, oblong-ellipsoid, 2.5-3 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, dorsal side convex, ventral side concave; hilum dark.
Figures
Fig. 1/7-9, p. 3.
Habitat
Roadsides in wooded and open grassland; 1500-2400 m.
Distribution
K3 T3 ranging naturally throughout Europe and Asia, but now naturalized throughout most of the world.

>

[FIQ]
Use
A spring and summer fodder plant eaten by all animals; used as poultice for humans.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Altay, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Ascension, Bahamas, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Cuba, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Georgia, Greenland, Haiti, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Kerguelen, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Marion-Prince Edward, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Namibia, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, Newfoundland, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Sakhalin, South Carolina, South Dakota, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tonga, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Plantago lanceolata L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 5, 1904 Lowe, R. T. [88], Canary Is. K000243836
Omerod, J., United Kingdom 17444.000
Lindeman, J.C. [2667], Brazil K001048634
Selby, A., United Kingdom 3656.000
Schimper [143] K000243831
Sendulsky, T. [1165], Brazil K001048635
Sendulsky, T. [1165], Brazil K001048636
Clements [s.n.], Turkey K000779635
Lowe, R. T. [37], Madeira K000243835
Tenore [s.n.], Italy K000779596
Barbosa, G. [9411], Angola K001008380
Couto, C. [109], Angola K001008381
Cope, T.A. [RBG 51], United Kingdom K000914357
Kerner, A. [1427], Austria K000779594
s.coll. [7223], Romania K000779593
s.coll. [s.n.], Turkey K000779636
Boissier. [s.n.], Spain K000779595
Day, C.D. [886], Turkey K000341714
Glaziou [15323], Brazil K001048633

First published in Sp. Pl.: 113 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2019). Flora of North America North of Mexico 17: 1-737. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Arbo, M.M. & al. (2018). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 20(1): 1-488. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.
  • Sennikov, A.N. (ed.) (2017). Flora of Uzbekistan 2: 1-200. Navro'z Publishers, Toshkent.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Gutiérrez, J. & Solano, E. (2014). Afinidades florísticas y fitogeográficas de la vegetación del municipio de San José Iturbide, Guanajuato, México Acta Botanica Mexicana 107: 27-65. Instituto de Ecología A.C.
  • Larson, J., Reif, B., Nelson, B.E. & Hartman, R.L. (2014). Floristic studies in North Central New Mexico, U.S.A. the Sange de Cristo mountains Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Garcillán, P.P. & al. (2013). Plantas no nativas naturalizadas de la península de Baja California, México Botanical Sciences 91: 461-475.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
  • Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. (2009). Alien plants and their impact on Tristan da Cunha 2: 1-307. Overseas Territories Environment Programme (OTEP).
  • Rodríguez, R., Grau, J., Baeza, C. & Davies, A. (2008). Lista comentada de las plantas vasculares de los Nevados de Chillan, Chile Gayana. Botánica 65: 153-197.
  • Saldivia, P. & Rojas, G. (2008). Nuevos registros y antecedentes de la familia Cactaceae para Chile en la region de Aisen Gayana. Botánica 65: 198-208.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Frenot, Y., Chown, S.L., Whinam, J., Selkirk, P.M., Convey, P., Skotnicki, M. & Bergstrom,D.M. (2005). Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 80: 45-72.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • Fairhurst, W. (2004). Flowering Plants of Ascension island: 1-300. Higham Press, Shirland, Alfreton, England.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2002). The non-native vascular flora of the Falkland islands Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 153-190.
  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Charkevicz, S.S. (ed.) (1996). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 8: 1-382. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1996). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 10: 1-426. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Zizka, G. (1991). Flowering plants of Easter island Palmarum Hortus Francofurtensis 3: 1-108.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Chukavina, A.P. (ed.) (1984). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 7: 1-562. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1971). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Plantaginaceae: 1-7.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
  • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1961). Flora Uzbekistana 5: 1-667. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Boulos, Fl. Egypt 3: 116 (2002).
  • Collenette, Wildflow. Saudi Ariabia: 603 (1999);
  • Tutel in Fl. Turk. 7: 513 (1982);
  • Zohary, Fl. Palaest. 3: 222 (1978)
  • pl. 376 (1977);
  • Kazmi in Fl. Pak. 62: 11 (1974);
  • Verdc. in Fl. Trop. East Africa, Plantag. 6 (1971);
  • Patzak & Rech.f. in Fl. Iranica 12: 11 (1965);
  • Rech.f., Fl. Lowland Iraq: 556 (1964);
  • Chalabi Ka’bi in Bull. Iraq Nat. Hist. Mus. 1 (2): 6 (1961);
  • Blakelock in Kew Bull. 3: 441 (1950);
  • Zohary in Dep. Agr. Iraq Bull. 42: 136 (1950);
  • Pilger in Engl., Pflanzenr. 102 (IV. 269): 313 (1937);
  • Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 881 (1879);
  • Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 113 (1753);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2019). Flora of North America North of Mexico 17: 1-737. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Hassemer, G. & al. (2018). Taxonomic and geographic novelties in the genus Plantago (Plantaginaceae) in Chile, including the description of a new species Phytotaxa 340: 137-156.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Gutiérrez, J. & Solano, E. (2014). Afinidades florísticas y fitogeográficas de la vegetación del municipio de San José Iturbide, Guanajuato, México Acta Botanica Mexicana 107: 27-65. Instituto de Ecología A.C.
  • Larson, J., Reif, B., Nelson, B.E. & Hartman, R.L. (2014). Floristic studies in North Central New Mexico, U.S.A. the Sange de Cristo mountains Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Garcillán, P.P. & al. (2013). Plantas no nativas naturalizadas de la península de Baja California, México Botanical Sciences 91: 461-475.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2012). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 13 Taxon 61: 889-902.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
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