1. Family: Passifloraceae Juss. ex Roussel
    1. Genus: Passiflora L.
      1. Passiflora suberosa L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Caribbean.

    [FTEA]

    Passifloraceae, W. J. J. O. de Wildem (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

    Habit
    Climber or creeper to 6 m., perennial, glabrous, glabrescent or pubescent to various degrees; stem ± angular, corky when older.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades entire or usually 3-lobed up to four-fifths, subcircular to ovate or oblong in outline, base rounded or cordate, 4–10 by 4–14 cm., 3–5-nerved from base, membranous or subcoriaceous; lobes triangular to lanceolate, top acute to acuminate; margin entire; petiole 0.5–4 cm., with 2 small obconical or wart-like glands at about the middle; blade-glands usually absent.
    Stipules
    Stipules linear, 5–8 mm.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences sessile, 1–2-flowered, with a central tendril, simple, 3–12 cm.; pedicels 1–2 cm., jointed about half-way; bracts setaceous, caducous, ± 1 mm.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–2 cm. in diameter, pale greenish yellow.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium saucer-shaped, 3–5 mm. wide; sepals ovate to lanceolate, subobtuse, 5–10 mm.
    Corolla
    Petals absent.
    Corona
    Corona threads in 2 series, 2–6 mm.; operculum (inner corona) plicate, minutely fimbriate; disk annular.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore 2–4 mm..
    Stamens
    Filaments ± subulate, 2–3 mm.; anthers 1–2 mm.
    Pistil
    Ovary subglobose-ellipsoid, 1–2 mm., glabrous; styles 2–3 mm.
    Fruits
    Fruit a berry, subglobose, 0.8–1.5 cm. in diameter, glabrous, purple-blackish.
    Seeds
    Seeds several–many, subovoid, 3–4 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Escaped from gardens, roadsides, disturbed shady places; 0–2500 m.
    Distribution
    introduced throughout the tropics K4 T3 U4

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bahamas, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Hawaii, Jamaica

    Passiflora suberosa L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Identified Reference Herbarium Specimen Type Status
    Jan 1, 2006 Rico, L. [1346], Bolivia K000295450
    Jan 1, 1985 Darwin, C. [s.n.], Galápagos K000036541 isolectotype
    Jeffrey, C. [440], Seychelles 23307.000
    Coode, M. [3941], Mauritius 33696.000
    Renvoize, S.A. [838], Seychelles 7318.000
    Gardner, G. [50], Rio de Janeiro K000036554 Unknown type material
    Gardner, G. [50], Rio de Janeiro K000036553 Unknown type material
    Douglas [s.n.], Galápagos K000036557 paralectotype
    Scouler [s.n.], Galápagos K000036556 lectotype

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 958 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Ibarra-Manríquez, G. & al. (2015). Lianas of Mexico Botanical Sciences 93: 365-417.
    • Porter-Utley, K. (2014). A revision of Passiflora L. subgenus Decaloba (DC.) Rchb. supersection Cieca (Medik.) J.M.MacDougal & Feuillet (Passifloraceae) PhytoKeys 43: 1-224.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.
    • Reddy, G.V.P. (2011). Survey of invasive plants on Guam and identification of the 20 most widespread Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 41: 263-274.
    • Araújo, D. & Alves, M. (2010). Climbing plants of a fragmented area of lowland Atlantic forest, Igarassu, Pernambuco (northeastern Brazil) Phytotaxa 8: 1-24.
    • Monteiro de Barros, A.A., de Andrade Ribas, L. & Dunn Araujo, D.S. (2009). Trepadeiras do Parque Estadual da Serra do Tiririca, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Rodriguésia 60: 681-694.
    • Estrada Chavarría, A. (2009). Flores de pasión de Costa Rica: historia natural e identificación: 1-448. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Costa Rica.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Fairhurst, W. (2004). Flowering Plants of Ascension island: 1-300. Higham Press, Shirland, Alfreton, England.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Smith, A.C. (1981). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 2: 1-810. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • de Wilde, W.J.J.O. (1975). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Passifloraceae: 1-70.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Porter-Utley, K. (2014). A revision of Passiflora L. subgenus Decaloba (DC.) Rchb. supersection Cieca (Medik.) J.M.MacDougal & Feuillet (Passifloraceae) PhytoKeys 43: 1-224.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Killip in Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago, Bot. 19 : 88 (1938).
    • L., Sp. Pl. : 958 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    [A] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [B] © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [C] © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0