1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria lanceolata E.Mey.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect laxly branched annual or short-lived perennial, 0.2–1.7 m tall; branches mostly ascending, lower ones sometimes spreading, ribbed, covered at least when young with short appressed or rarely slightly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate (rarely a few of the uppermost 1-foliolate), estipulate; leaflets mostly 4–11(17) × 0.3–2(3.5) cm, usually predominantly linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, the lower ones sometimes elliptic, but sometimes (particularly subsp. exigua) all elliptic-oblong to elliptic, thinly appressed puberulous beneath, rarely also above; petiole shorter than the leaflets.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes up to 8–35 cm long, many-flowered; bracts 0.5–3 mm long, subulate or filiform, expanded at the base; bracteoles at the base of the calyx, 0.3–1 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–4 mm long, becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, puberulous; lobes subulate to triangular-acuminate, usually shorter than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard broadly elliptic to subcircular, yellow, veined reddish-purple outside; keel 5–11 mm long, rounded about the middle, with an incurved or projecting beak.
    Fruits
    Pod (1.6)1.8–3.8 × 0.4–0.6 cm, subsessile, cylindrical, sometimes curved up at the tip, appressed puberulous, 20–50-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–3 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, pale yellow to orange-brown.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada y naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 30 - 1550 m.; Andes, Pacífico.
    Habit
    Hierba, subarbusto
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, up to 8–17 dm. tall, laxly branched.
    Stem
    Stem ribbed, appressed puberulous or rarely shortly spreading pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate, rarely some of the upper ones 1-foliolate; leaflets mostly linear to lanceolate, but the lower ones sometimes elliptic, up to 40–105(–170) mm. long, 3–17(–22) mm. wide, glabrous or very rarely hairy above, thinly covered with appressed hairs beneath; petiole up to 20–80 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes up to 8–35 cm. long, with many fairly closely arranged flowers; bracts subulate or filiform, expanded at the base, 1–3 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, narrow, up to 1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, 3–4 mm. long, appressed puberulous, usually thinly so; lobes subulate or acuminate, shorter than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard broadly elliptic or suborbicular, yellow, veined reddish-purple and glabrous outside; wings shorter or longer than the keel; keel rounded about the middle, with an incurved or projecting untwisted beak, 6·5–11 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, narrowly cylindrical, (22–)24–35 (–40) mm. long, 4–6 mm. across, appressed puberulous, 24–50-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 2–3 mm. long, smooth, pale yellow to orange-brown.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Somalia-Masai grasslands, Zambezian grassland, Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone - grassland., Sudanian grasslands
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    Vernacular
    Lanceleaf Crotalaria, Tsitsina

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Florida, Honduras, India, Leeward Is., New South Wales, Paraguay, Queensland, South Carolina, Taiwan

    Crotalaria lanceolata E.Mey. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 31, 2008 Hatschbach, G.G. [68973], Brazil K000893159
    Mar 1, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [992], Bahia K000187672
    Jan 1, 1983 Hage, J.L. [717], Bahia K000187673
    Mar 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [9269], Bahia K000187674
    Jan 8, 1976 Leitão Filho, H.F. [1586], Brazil K000893161
    Ribas, O.S. [3926], Brazil K000893157
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000227334 Unknown type material
    Peters [s.n.], Mozambique K000412595
    Peters [s.n.], Mozambique K000412594
    Peters [28], Mozambique K000412596
    Harris, T. [179], Mozambique K000613254
    Harris, T. [271], Mozambique K000613346
    Handro, O. [2161], Brazil K000893160
    Taroda, N. [2588], Brazil K000893162
    Filho, H.F.L. [1661], Brazil K000893163
    Lima, A.C. [6496], Brazil K000893158

    First published in Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 24 (1836)

    Accepted by

    • Silva Flores, A. & De Azevedo Tozzi, A.M.G. (2018). A synopsis of the genus Crotalaria (Leguminosae) in Brazil Phytotaxa 346: 31-58.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Leverett, L.D. & Woods, M. (2012). The genus Crotalaria (Fabaceae) in Alabama Castanea 77: 364-374.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Leverett, L.D. & Woods, M. (2012). The genus Crotalaria (Fabaceae) in Alabama Castanea 77: 364-374.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 394 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 343 (1914), pro parte.
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 207 (1895).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 36 (1871), pro parte.
    • E. Mey., Comm. PL Afr. Austr.: 24 (1836).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca
    • Terrell, E. E. (1977). Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/