1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria spectabilis Roth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Indian Subcontinent to Taiwan.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 30 - 1400 m.; Andes, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca.
    Habit
    Arbusto
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect usually well branched annual, up to 2 m. tall.
    Stem
    Stem angled, sulcate, subglabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple; blade oblanceolate or obovate, up to 8–14 cm. long and 3–8 cm. wide, glabrous above, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole ± 2–8 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules obliquely oblong-ovate, up to 3–7 mm. long, 2–4 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes shortly pedunculate, rather lax, up to 21–45 cm. long, many-flowered; bracts cordate, up to 12–20 mm. long, 6–10 mm. wide, acute or acuminate; bracteoles inserted near the middle of the pedicel, lanceolate, 1–2 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 11–14 mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, glabrous; upper lobes broadly triangular or slightly ovate-triangular, longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, yellow, glabrous outside; wings obovate-oblong, longer than the keel; keel rounded about the middle, with a fairly short slightly incurved twisted beak, ± 13–14 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, broadly oblong-clavate, ± 45–50 mm. long, 18–20 mm. across, glabrous, ± 20–24-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, with the narrow end strongly incurved, ± 4 mm. long, smooth, brown.
    Habitat
    Locally naturalized as a weed of cultivated ground; 1100–1500 m.
    Distribution
    K5 T5 T8 pantropical, originating from Asia
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Cultivated
    Habit
    Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    Vernacular
    Cascavelle Jaune, Dhundhani, Dhundhunia, Jhunjhunia, Maraquita, Petit Pois Rond Marron, Pois Rond Marron, Rattle Box, Rattlebox, Sani, Showy Crotalaria, Showy Rattlepod, Sonnette, Tcha-tcha
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Fibre, Forage, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Toxins

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Pakistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Central African Repu, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Florida, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Jamaica, Kenya, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Marquesas, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Missouri, Mozambique, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Ohio, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Society Is., South Carolina, Sudan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Virginia, West Virginia, Windward Is., Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria spectabilis Roth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5406] Crotalaria sericea K001120801
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5406] Crotalaria sericea K001120799
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5406] Crotalaria sericea K001120800
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5406] Crotalaria sericea K001120802
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5406] Crotalaria sericea K001120803
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5406] Crotalaria sericea K001120804
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5406] Crotalaria sericea K001120805
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5406] Crotalaria sericea K001120806
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5406] Crotalaria sericea K001120807
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5406] Crotalaria sericea K001120808
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5406] Crotalaria sericea K001120809
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5406] Crotalaria sericea K001120810
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5407] Crotalaria lupiniflora K001120811
    Noton, B. [Cat. no. 5407], India Crotalaria lupiniflora K001120812
    Jan 1, 1916 Tamil Nadu Crotalaria leschenaultii K000591055

    First published in Nov. Pl. Sp.: 341 (1821)

    Accepted by

    • Balslav, H. & Chantaranothai, P. (2018). Flora of Thailand 4(3.1): 221-371. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Silva Flores, A. & De Azevedo Tozzi, A.M.G. (2018). A synopsis of the genus Crotalaria (Leguminosae) in Brazil Phytotaxa 346: 31-58.
    • Ninkaew, S. & al. (2017). Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in continental Southeast Asia Phytotaxa 320: 1-74.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Leverett, L.D. & Woods, M. (2012). The genus Crotalaria (Fabaceae) in Alabama Castanea 77: 364-374.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Avendaño, N. (2011). Revisión taxonómica del género Crotalaria L. (Faboideae-Crotalarieae) en Venezuela Acta botanica Venezuelica 34: 13-78.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Ninkaew, S. & al. (2017). Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in continental Southeast Asia Phytotaxa 320: 1-74.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Leverett, L.D. & Woods, M. (2012). The genus Crotalaria (Fabaceae) in Alabama Castanea 77: 364-374.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Avendaño, N. (2011). Revisión taxonómica del género Crotalaria L. (Faboideae-Crotalarieae) en Venezuela Acta botanica Venezuelica 34: 13-78.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Senn in Rhodora 41: 326 (1939).
    • DC., Prodr. 2: 125 (1825).
    • Roth, Nov. PL Sp.: 341 (1821).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Welsh, S. L. (1998). Flora Societensis
    • Naskar, K. (1993). Plant Wealth of the Lower Ganga Delta Vol. 1
    • Singh, A. N. (1993). In: Verma, D. M. & al. (Eds.) Flora of Madhya Pradesh, Vol. 1.
    • Harden, G. J. (Ed.) (1991). Flora of New South Wales, Vol 2. Kensington: New South Wales
    • Jain, S. K. (1991). Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Caius, J. F. (1989). The medicinal & poisonous Legumes of India. Jodhpur.
    • Shetty, B. V. & Singh, V. (1987). Flora of Rajasthan Vol. 1. Flora of India Series 2
    • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
    • Joshi, G. C. (1986). Studies of the Thistle and Legume Families. PhD Kumaon Univ.
    • Liogier, A. H. (1985). La Flore de la Espanola. III
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). Crotalaria in Africa and Madagascar Balkema, Rotterdam
    • Deb, D. B. (1981). The Flora of Tripura State Vol 1
    • Varma, S. K. (1981). Flora of Bhagalpur. Dicotyledons
    • Dwyer, J. D. et al. (1980). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 67(3) :523-818 ... Papilionoideae
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Fournet, J. (1978). Flore illustree des phanerogames de Guadeloupe & Martinique
    • Terrell, E. E. (1977). Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
    • de Cordemoy, E. J. (1895). Flore de l'ile de la Reunion

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0