1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus guruba Buch.-Ham. ex Mart.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. India to Bangladesh.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    India (North-central and North-east), Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand (East, South-east and Peninsular), Laos (South) and Peninsular Malaysia. Also probably Cambodia (Gagnepain & Conrard 1937).
    Vernacular
    wai deng (Lao Loum), wai kikai (Thailand).
    Biology
    In Laos, scrub forest, often by rivers, at 100 m. In Thailand, evergreen forest up to 750 m.
    Conservation
    Widespread and so probably of little concern, although Renuka (1999) notes that the Indian populations have declined considerably in recent years.
    [PW]
    Use
    Cane used in handicrafts, trade potential unknown in Indochina but reported to be a highly sought-after species in West Bengal (Sarkar 1999). Shoot edible.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India

    Calamus guruba Buch.-Ham. ex Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2000 Kerr, A.F.G. [9414A], Thailand K000525660
    Jan 1, 2000 Kerr, A.F.G. [9414], Thailand K000525659
    Jan 1, 2000 Kerr, A.F.G. [19811], Thailand K000525657
    Jan 1, 2000 Parker, R.N. [2483], Burma K000521900
    Jan 1, 2000 Helfer [6398], Burma K000521903
    Jan 1, 2000 [Wallich] [s.n.], Burma K000525692 holotype
    Mooney, H.F. [1364], India K000521887
    Griffith [s.n.E112], India K000521918
    Griffith [6383], India K000521917
    Mann, G. [s.n.E113], India K000521923
    Mann, G. [s.n. E116], India K000521922
    Hooker [8614], India K000521924
    unknown [540], India K000462310
    unknown [540], India K000462311
    Dransfield, J. [JD5458], Thailand K000525658
    Henderson, A. [3181], Myanmar K000208544
    Henderson, A. [3118], Myanmar K000208551
    Gamble [6759], Bangladesh K000521890
    Gamble [7768], Bangladesh K000521892
    Gamble [7883], Bangladesh K000521894
    Gamble [324], India K000521910
    Gamble [6759], Bangladesh K000521891
    Gamble [7768], Bangladesh K000521893
    Gamble [7883], Bangladesh K000521895
    Gamble [324], India K000521911
    Helfer [6390], Burma K000521885
    Helfer [6396], Burma K000521886
    Helfer [6390], Burma K000521901
    Helfer [6396], Burma K000521902
    Maung BA PE [13057], Burma K000521919
    Maung BA PE [13057], Burma K000521920
    Maung BA PE [13057], Burma K000521921
    Haines, H.H. [3686a], Burma K000521881
    Haines, H.H. [3686], Burma K000521879
    Haines, H.H. [5238], Burma K000521915
    Haines, H.H. [3686], Burma K000521880
    Haines, H.H. [5238], Burma K000521916
    Phengkhlai, C. [663], Thailand K000525661
    McClelland [s.n.E67], Burma K000521883
    McClelland [s.n.E68], Burma K000521882
    McClelland [s.n.E67], Burma K000521884
    Khamphone [411], Laos K000114557
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E118], Bangladesh K000521898
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E111], India K000521904
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n. E117] K000521896
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E108], India K000521906
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E118], Bangladesh K000521899
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E111], India K000521905
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n. E117] K000521897
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E108], India K000521907
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E108], India K000521908
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E108], India K000521909
    Jenkins, J.D. [s.n.E114] K000521914
    Vogt, G.B. [BU56], Burma K000521925
    Keenan [s.n. E109], India K000521912
    McMillen, J.R. [s.n. E107], Burma K000521888
    McMillen, J.R. [s.n. E107], Burma K000521889
    Cowan, J.M. [s.n. E110], India K000521913

    First published in Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 211 (1838)

    Accepted by

    • Bhattacharya, R.P., Pal, D.C. & Pati, B.R. (2014). A sytematic census of monocot climbers of Bihar anf Jharkhand states Indian Journal of Forestry 37: 317-324.
    • Peters, C.M. & Henderson, A. (2014). Systematics, ecology and management of Rattans in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam: 1-222. Agricultural Printing House.
    • Barfod, A.S. & Dransfield, J. (2013). Flora of Thailand 11(3): 323-498. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Devi, S.P. & Singh, P.K. (2007). Rattan of Manipur: tree new records for the state Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 31: 460-463.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • T. Evans, A Synopsis of the Rattans (Arecaceae: Calamoideae) of Laos and Neighbouring Parts of Indochina. 2002

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0