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This species is accepted, and its native range is Papua New Guinea.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


Coode, M. (2005). Elaeocarpus for Flora Malesiana: E. crenulatus, E. myrtoides and E. amabilis from New Guinea, Reconsidered. Kew Bulletin, 60(2), 305-311. Retrieved from

Only known from the type, collected 70 years ago, despite many other collecting trips to the same area. This species, if it is indeed distinct, must be considered to be under threat.
Forest; c. 2400 m.
Morphology General Habit
Stated to be an epiphyte
Morphology Leaves
Leaves spirally arranged, loosely grouped towards twig tips; petioles 0.5 - 0.8 cm long, glabrous or almost so, distinctly grooved above, merging into decurrent leaf- base, not swollen at apex or base; blades chartaceous or coriaceous, obovate, 1.9 - 2.2 x as long as wide, (1.9 -)2.1 -4.5 x 1 - 2.2 cm, not acuminate, rounded at apex, (narrowly) cuneate at base, sometimes a little glossy above, glabrous beneath when mature, minutely verrucose when young, with 4- 5 pairs of main lateral veins (the basal ones often weaker; difficult to tell from secondary veins), fine venation clear and raised above, about as strong as main laterals or stronger, areoles squarish, less than 2 mm across, midrib and main lateral veins scarcely prominent beneath and breaking up 1/2 to 3/4 inside margin, with domatia along midribs regularly present beneath, margins weakly serrate, clearly less serrated in lower half, 2 - 4 mm between teeth in apical half (> 5 pairs in all)
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules caducous, narrow-triangular, with a few soft adpressed hairs, 0.5 - 1.5 mm long, entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk annular in fruit, a weakly toothed wavy ring, 0.5 mm high, a few short hairs visible in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovaries placed above the disk, 2-locular, ovules 6 per loculus (from one fruit)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 10 - 12 mm long in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits oblong or ovoid, 1 - 1.1 cm long when dried, with mesocarp < 1 mm thick, stones ellipsoid, with a few weak fibres persisting, ± weakly tuberculate with a few deeper foramina, stone wall c. 1 mm thick; seed 1, embryo curved & narrow with entire endosperm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 4- 9-flowered, axis 2 - 4 cm long (in fruit; only 2 seen, needs confirming); flowers unknown
Morphology Twigs
Twigs glabrous, 1.5 - 2.5 mm thick towards the tip, with non-resinous terminal buds
Probably a member of the Coilopetalum group, perhaps near Elaeocarpus habbemensis. However, in this group, the disk is usually distinctly toothed, corresponding to the strongly 2-pocketed petal bases; in E. crenulatus the disk is, in fruit at least, rather weakly developed. Smith, not knowing about the seed characters, suggested (1944: 239) that Elaeocarpus crenulatus might be in the Fissipetalum group and that Carr's collection was from Mt Victoria, but the locality known as 'The Gap' is some way to the SE of that mountain, between Kokoda and Port Moresby. He was right, however, to treat his E. myrtoides as something different.
Papua New Guinea [Central Province], above the Gap, c. 8000' [2400 m], fr. 12 Dec. 1935, Carr 13745 (holotypus B†; isotypi A! BM! K! SING!).

Native to:

New Guinea

Elaeocarpus crenulatus Knuth appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 10, 2003 Carr, C.E. [13745], New Guinea K000708376 isotype

First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 48: 74 (1940)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.