1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Milium L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Northern Hemisphere.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (2), or perennial (4). Rhizomes absent (3), or elongated (3). Culms erect, or geniculately ascending (1), or decumbent (1); 10-64.16-180 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate (1); firm (4), or flaccid (2).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (3), or contracted (3). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform (3/4), or linear (1/4).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic (4), or ovate (2); dorsally compressed; 2-3.174-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic (4), or ovate (2); dorsally compressed; 2-3.174-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; reaching apex of florets (3), or exceeding apex of florets (4); thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic (3), or oblong (2), or ovate (3); 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels, or 1-keeled (1); 3 -veined. Lower glume surface asperulous. Lower glume apex obtuse (1/5), or acute (4/5). Upper glume elliptic (3), or oblong (2), or ovate (3); 1-1.133-1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels, or 1-keeled (1); 3 -veined. Upper glume surface asperulous. Upper glume apex obtuse (1/5), or acute (4/5).
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic (3), or ovate (3); dorsally compressed; indurate; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea 1 length of lemma; indurate; 2 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2 (5/5). Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (5/5); ellipsoid (3/3); dorsally compressed (3/3). Embryo 0.2 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (2/5), or elliptic (3/5).
    Distribution
    Europe (2), or Africa (1), or Temperate Asia, or Tropical Asia (1), or North America (1).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Connecticut, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Labrador, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Morocco, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Pakistan, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Sicilia, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tennessee, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Virginia, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Idaho

    Milium L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 61 (1753)

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0