1. Family: Talinaceae (Fenzl) Doweld
    1. Talinum Adans.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Bangladesh, Africa, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..


    Portulacaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Perennial herbs or shrubs.
    Leaves alternate or rarely subopposite or rosulate, somewhat succulent; stipules absent.
    Flowers in terminal or axillary cymes, racemes or panicles, rarely solitary.
    Sepals 2, opposite.
    Petals 5 (at least in our species), free or joined at the base.
    Stamens 5-?.
    Ovary superior, 1-locular, multiovulate; style filiform, with 3 stigma lobes.
    Capsule chartaceous, 1-locular, many-seeded, opening by 3 valves (6-valved in one species outside our area).
    Seeds reniform or lenticular, often black or greyish and somewhat compressed; testa smooth or variously tuberculate, pitted or ridged, with a distinct hilum; embryo annular.

    Mendoza F., J. & Wood, J.R.I. 2013. Taxonomic revision of Talinum (Talinaceae) in Bolivia with a note on the occurrence of Phemeranthus (Montiaceae). Kew Bulletin 68: 233. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-013-9454-0

    Type: Portulacafruticosa L. (Linnaeus 1759).
    Fleshy herbs or, rarely, undershrubs, erect, ascending or scrambling
    Leaves basally in a rosette or semi-rosette; on the stem and branches alternate, rarely verticillate; laminas fleshy, linear, linear-lanceolate, obovate, elliptic or spathulate
    Inflorescence normally a compact terminal panicle composed of branched lateral cymes, less commonly of terminal branched cymes or, rarely, of solitary axillary flowers; flowers opening during the day or during the night, small or large (0.5 – 2.2 cm diam.); sepals 2, persistent or rapidly caducous; petals 5, straight or variously reflexed; filaments 8 – 40, unequal; anthers elliptic or hemispherical, normally bright yellow; style shorter than or exceeding filaments, filiform, terete or slightly swollen towards the apex; stigma trifid
    Fruit an obscurely 3-angled, subglobose or subovoid capsule, opening by 3 separate caducous or shortly persistent valves; intervalvular membrane present or absent
    Seeds numerous, reniform or lenticular, variously tuberculate, papillose or channelled, black or brownish-black; caruncle prominent, reduced or missing, membranous, white or whitish-hyaline, caducous or persistent.

    Portulacaceae, Sylvia M. Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Rather succulent perennial herbs or subshrubs, often arising from an underground tuber
    Leaves alternate or rarely subopposite or in a basal rosette, fleshy, flat or terete
    Flowers pedicellate in terminal or axillary cymes or thyrsiform panicles, sometimes raceme-like or reduced to a single flower, bracts and bracteoles small, scale-like
    Sepals falling with the petals or subpersistent
    Petals mostly 5, free or connate at the base
    Stamens indefinite, few to many, free or adherent to the base of the petals, filaments filiform
    Ovary superior, multiovulate, style slender, disarticulating at maturity, stigma 3-branched
    Fruit a 3-valved capsule, also circumscissile at the base, the valves falling separately, cartilaginous
    Seeds many, reniform to lenticular, testa smooth or ornamented.



    Doubtfully present in:


    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Kentucky, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Louisiana, Malawi, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Oman, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, South Carolina, Southwest Caribbean, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Texas, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Burkina, Cambodia, Cape Verde, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., Fiji, Galápagos, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Ivory Coast, Madeira, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Ogasawara-shoto, Sierra Leone, St.Helena, Uzbekistan

    Talinum Adans. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Faulkner, H. [K.322], Mozambique 21841.000

    First published in Fam. Pl. 2: 245, 609 (1763)


    Kew Bulletin
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    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • von Poellnitz in Fedde Rep. 35: 1–34 (1934).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 149
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Fam. Pl. 2: 245, 609 (1763).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Toelken in Bothalia 10: 19–28 (1969), nom. conserv.
    • Poelln. in F.R. 35: 1–34 (1934)
    • Oliv. in F.T.A. 1: 149 (1868)
    • Fam. Pl. 2: 245, 609 (1763)


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    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.