1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Pleiotaxis Steetz

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Perennial herbs with leafy stems
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate or with a petioloid base, pinnately veined, serrulate
    Capitulum
    Capitula solitary and terminal on the inflorescence branches, or in terminal corymbiform or racemiform cymes, erect, homogamous, discoid; phyllaries multiseriate, closely imbricate, entire, glabrous inside, the outer short, ovate, becoming successively longer inwards, the inner oblong, all ± obtuse or rounded; receptacle naked
    Florets
    Florets all hermaphrodite; corolla narrowly tubular in lower two-thirds, abruptly dilated, campanulate and deeply equally 5-lobed above; anthers exserted, strongly tailed, tails conspicuous, stiff, fringed; style branches short to long, obtuse, with a subapical dorsal fringe of hairs
    Fruits
    Achenes all similar, ± columnar, angular; pappus of numerous coarse rigid subequal barbellate bristles, whitish or tawny.
    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    Perennial herbs or suffrutices with annual stems from woody rootstocks.
    Stem
    Stems 1-several, simple or branching near the apex, sericeous-lanate.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, ± sessile, usually stem-sheathing at the base, lamina discolorous, plane or bullate, membranous to subcoriaceous, finely araneose-lanate to glabrescent, indumentum densest on the lower surface, nerves often impressed on upper surface and strongly prominent beneath.
    Capitulum
    Capitula homogamous, discoid; in few to many-headed racemose or narrowly subpaniculate arrangements, or capitula large terminal and solitary, sometimes with 2–4 subsidiary heads.
    Involucre
    Involucres subcylindric, turbinate or campanulate.
    Phyllaries
    Phyllaries many-seriate, closely appressed imbricate, progressively larger to the inside; blades often purple or purple-tinged.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle epaleate, shallowly alveolate.
    Florets
    Florets deep- or bright-red or purple, cream or white, hermaphrodite, corollas actinomorphic, long slender tubular below and abruptly dilated into a short cylindric deeply linear-lobed limb exserted beyond the pappus and involucre; anther thecae appendiculate, the appendages tapering claw-shaped or stipitate-glandular, bases sagittate with elongate tails which are long-haired or fimbriate on their margins; style shallowly or deeply 2-fid, the branches somewhat swollen-triangular apically and hairy outside.
    Fruits
    Achenes narrowly subcylindric, obscurely narrowly many-ribbed, sometimes somewhat angular, densely hispid in the Flora Zambesiaca area; pappus of copious barbellate or subplumose setae.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Congo, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Pleiotaxis Steetz appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(Bot.): 499 (1864)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 3: 440.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Wild in Kirkia 8: 194 (1972).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bull. 21: 180 (1967).
    • in Peters, Reise Mossamb., Bot. 2: 499 (1864).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 104 (1994)
    • C. Jeffrey in K.B. 21: 180 (1967)
    • S. Moore in J.B. 63: 43–50 (1925)
    • in Peters, Reise Mossamb., Bot. 1: 449 (1864)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0