1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Cissus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FZ]

    Vitaceae, H. Wild & R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Erect or climbing perennial herbs or shrubs; tendrils leaf-opposed or absent.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple or more rarely lobed or digitately 3–7-foliolate, margins variously toothed, rarely entire; stipules present.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences in leaf-opposed or terminal or rarely axillary cymes with the flowers in umbels on the ultimate branchlets.
    Flowers
    Flower-bud conical, not constricted at the middle. Flowers 4-merous.
    Calyx
    Calyx entire or 4-lobed.
    Corolla
    Petals cucullate at the apex, becoming deflexed after anthesis, caducous.
    Anthers
    Anthers on short filaments.
    Disc
    Disk annular, ± adnate to ovary, entire or lobed.
    Pistil
    Style simple, subulate; stigma subulate or subcapitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit usually 1-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seed oblong, ovoid or subspherical, often abruptly narrowed at one end and sometimes with a dorsal crest.
    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Erect or climbing perennial herbs, massive woody lianes or shrubs, sometimes ± succulent; often glandular; rootstock tuberous; tendrils nearly always present, leaf-opposed
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, entire or lobed or digitately 3–7-foliolate, petiolate or rarely sessile; leaflet margins entire to variously toothed; stipules present but often soon falling
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences nearly always leaf-opposed but sometimes terminal or axillary cymes, the ultimate components umbelliform; bracts and bracteoles present
    Flowers
    Flowers 4-merous; buds ovoid or conical, not constricted in the middle
    Calyx
    Calyx entire or 4-lobed
    Corolla
    Petals cucullate at the apex, becoming deflexed, deciduous
    Disc
    Disk annular or sinuate-annular, entire or lobed, adnate to the ovary which is sometimes almost entirely included
    Pistil
    Ovary with 2 locules each with 2 ovules; style cylindric or cylindric-conic; stigma subulate or subcapitate
    Fruits
    Fruits usually 1-seeded
    Seeds
    Seed oblong, ovoid or subspherical, often beaked, sometimes with a dorsal crest and two ventral pits.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kansas, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Oman, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Cook Is., Hawaii, Seychelles

    Cissus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wild, H. [35562], Zimbabwe 11504.000
    Wild, H. [G.H.40734], Zimbabwe 35217.000
    Wild, H. [40773], Zimbabwe 9824.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3516], Tanzania 9827.000
    Cruse, A.W. [214], Zambia 11502.000
    Cruse, A.W. [79], Zambia 11506.000
    Cruse, A.W. [25A], Zambia 11507.000
    Cruse, A.W. [125A], Zambia 11508.000
    Cruse, A.W. [229], Zambia 15549.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [817], Kenya 16452.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [12150], Tanzania 18861.009
    Bally, P.R.O. [B9580], Somalia 25683.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [B14901], Kenya 34621.000
    Tweedie, E.M., Kenya 4957.000
    Dalziel, J.M. [66], Nigeria 9825.000
    Andrews, F.W. [1917], Sudan 9823.000
    White, F. [2483], Zambia 11505.000
    White, F. [1959], Zambia 9826.000
    Myers, J.G. [11760], Sudan 3206.000
    Tanner, R. [468], Tanzania 11503.000
    Faulkner, H. [3156], Tanzania 7113.000
    Angus, A. [1006], Zambia 15890.000
    Drummond, R. [2344A], Tanzania 25688.000
    Fay, J.M. [8404], Central African Republic 60367.000
    Harris, D.J. [2242], Central African Republic 63046.000
    Etuge, M. [1850], Cameroon K000339744
    Wight [s.n.], Myanmar K000736458

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 117 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Suessenguth in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 20D: 237 (1953).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 117 (1753)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Descoings in Not. Syst. 16: 113–125 (1960).
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 53 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 117 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 53 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 117 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/