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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Pacific, Mexico to Colombia, Caribbean.
Calanthe pulchra (Orchidaceae)

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Large or medium-sized terrestrial or rarely epiphytic herbs
Vegetative Multiplication Pseudobulbs
Pseudobulbs ovoid, conical or cylindrical, leafy and often obscure, 1–several-noded
Morphology Leaves
Leaves plicate, petiolate, ± jointed, deciduous or persistent, often very large
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences basal, erect, racemose, laxly to densely few–many-flowered, ± pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers often showy and large
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals subsimilar
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals mostly smaller
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip mostly 3-lobed, rarely entire, fused at base to column, spurred at base; callus often verrucose or cristate at base of lip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column short, fleshy; pollinia 8, clavate; viscidium elliptic or lanceolate; rostellum bifid.

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Large or medium-sized terrestrial herb; pseudobulbs leafy and often obscure, with 1 to several nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves deciduous or persistent, petiolate, plicate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect, racemose, few to many-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually large and showy; tepals spreading; lip fused to the column at base, usually 3-lobed, spurred, often with a warty callus at the base.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Panamá, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Calanthe R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 1, 2001 Johns, R.J. [10328], Indonesia 72528.000
Williamson, G. [863], Zambia 34437.000
Milliken, W. [1424], Indonesia 60023.000
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132583
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132582
Cheek, M. [5372], Cameroon 77436.000

First published in Bot. Reg. 7: t. 573 (1821)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, D. & Cribb, P. (2013). The Genus Calanthe: 1-411. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kurzweil, H. (2010). A precursory study of the Calanthe group (Orchidaceae) in Thailand Adansonia, III, 32: 57-107.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2006). Epidendroideae (Part One) Genera Orchidacearum 4: 1-672. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 45. Nom. cons.
  • in Edw., Bot. Reg- t. 573 (1821)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Rolfe in F.T.A. 7: 45 (1897).
  • in Bot. Reg. 7, t. 573 (1821) nom conserv.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Rolfe in F.T.A. 7: 45 (1897)
  • Schltr. in F.R., Beih. 1: 376 (1912)
  • Seidenf. in Dansk Bot. Arkiv 29 (2): 9 (1975), nom. conserv.
  • in Bot. Reg. 7, t. 573 (1821)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0