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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. U.S.A. to Venezuela, Caribbean.


M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008]

Morphology General Habit
Short-stemmed rosette plants
Morphology Leaves
Leaves fleshy or tough and fibrous, spine-tipped, often with toothed margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a terminal raceme or panicle with flowers in umbellate clusters
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers with tubular to shallowly funnel-shaped straight or curved perianth; tepals ± similar or unequal, united in lower part
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary inferior with many ovules in two rows within each cell; style filiform; stigma 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a loculicidal capsule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds flattened, black.
Genus of some 250 species, native in America.

Several species cultivated for fibre or as ornamentals.

Native to:

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, California, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Jamaica, Kentucky, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Mexico, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Panamá, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Utah, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Virginia, West Virginia, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Albania, Aldabra, Algeria, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Ascension, Azores, Baleares, Bangladesh, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil Southeast, Burundi, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Free State, Gambia, Gilbert Is., Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, India, Italy, Juan Fernández Is., Korea, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Libya, Line Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Palestine, Peru, Portugal, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Swaziland, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, West Himalaya, Yugoslavia

Agave L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
United Kingdom 19053.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 323 (1753)

Accepted by

  • (2020). epublication.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.


Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 28 April 2021

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.