1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Galeopsis L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia.

    [LKGF]

    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Habit
    Annual herbs with simple, often rigid hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves simple
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence thyrsoid
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles spiny
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, lobes equal or subequal, spiny
    Corolla
    Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), purple, yellow or white, posterior lip long, hooded, anterior lip with two conical protuberances near base
    Stamens
    Stamens not exserted from corolla, thecae distinct, apparently dehiscing by 2 valves, upper valve smaller, fimbriate
    Stigma
    Stigma-lobes subequal
    Fruits
    Nutlets rounded at apex, glabrous.
    Note
    2n = 16, (30), 32.  About ten species.
    Ecology
    Mainly in open, disturbed habitats and lake shores
    Distribution
    Mainly Europe and Western Asia, introduced to other temperate regions in North America.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Altay, Amur, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, Chita, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Manchuria, Mongolia, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Siberia, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Extinct in:

    Morocco

    Introduced into:

    Alaska, Alberta, Bangladesh, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Kuril Is., Labrador, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Dakota, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Wisconsin

    Galeopsis L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 579 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Ladanella Pouzar & Slavíková, Cas. Nár. Muz. Rada Prír. 169: 42 (2000).
    • Dalanum Dostál, Folia Mus. Rerum Nat. Bohemiae Occid., Bot. 21: 10 (1984).
    • Müntzing, Hereditas 13: 185-341 (1930).
    • Tetraith Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 436 (1897).
    • Briq., Mem. Cour. Acad. Roy. Sci.Belg. 52: 1 (1893)
    • Ladanum Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 82 (1782), opus utique oppr., (1891) non Spach.
    • Tetrahit Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 190 (1763).,  (1795) non Gérard.
    • Cannabinastrum Heist. ex Fabr. (1759), nom nud. ?
    • Galeopsis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 579 (1753)

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0