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  1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Sanicula L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Hawaii, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..


    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Perennial or more rarely biennial herbs
    Leaves ternate, palmatipartite or pinnate, rarely undivided
    Umbels simple, sometimes arranged to appear as if compound, in a dichasially branched cyme or more rarely racemosely arranged; involucre presentCalyx-teeth conspicuous, free to ± connate
    Flowers polygamous, the outer few–many ♂, the inner (generally few) hermaphrodite, occasionally some umbels entirely ♂
    Petals white to yellowish, pink tinged or bluish, emarginate above with an incurved lobule
    Fruit globose to oblong-ovoid, not compressed, covered with prickles, scales or tubercles, the prickles often expanded below, straight or uncinate, sometimes connate at the base; mericarps not to distinctly narrowed to the commissure; primary ribs obsolete; vittae on the dorsal surface 3–many, on the commissural face usually 2; stylopodia flattened, concave or obscure; carpophore none
    Endosperm rounded dorsally, flattened to ± excavate on the commissural face.

    Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Erect, rarely decumbent herbs, biennial or perennial.
    Leaves petiolate, subsessile, usually somewhat coriaceous, palmately to pinnately divided; petioles with sheathing bases.
    Stem usually branched in a pseudodichotomous manner.
    Partial umbels with hermaphrodite and male flowers, the hermaphrodite one frequently distinctly pedicellate, the male ones sessile to subsessile. Inflorescence of rather irregular compound umbels with few, unequal rays.
    Styles short or long and spreading.
    Stylopodium depressed or obsolete.
    Fruit ovoid, densely covered with prickles or tubercles.
    Vittae both large and small, regularly or irregularly arranged.
    Seed plane or concave on the commissural face.



    Native to:

    Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Austria, Azores, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Borneo, Bulgaria, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Corse, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Illinois, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Norway, Oregon, Pakistan, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Ukraine, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Sanicula L. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 235 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 3: 7.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 109 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 235 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Shan & Constance, The genus Sanicula (Umbelliferae) in the Old World and the New, in Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 25(1): 1–78 (1951)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 109 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 235 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.