1. Family: Ochnaceae DC.
    1. Sauvagesia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Southern America, Northern America and China Southeast..

    [FZ]

    Ochnaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Shrubs, shrublets or perennial to annual herbs, completely glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate to sessile; lamina with margin serrate, incrassate; stipules with laciniate margins, longitudinally striate, free, persistent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence paniculate to racemose and terminal or reduced to solitary flowers in the axils of foliage leaves; pedicels articulated at or above the base.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, quincuncial in bud, green with pale margin, persistent, not enlarging or changing colour in fruit.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, white to pink, not unguiculate, deciduous.
    Androecium
    Androecium of (2) 3 whorls; outer staminodes ? in a continuous ring or in 5 antisepalous groups or individuals, short, filiform and capitate or narrowly petaloid or sometimes absent; inner staminodes 5, antipetalous, petaloid, free, forming a pseudo-corona; stamens 5, antisepalous, free, with anthers dehiscing longitudinally and short filaments.
    Pistil
    Ovary with 3 parietal placentas (or axile at the base), each placenta bearing ? ovules in two rows; style simple, slender; stigma not enlarged.
    Fruits
    Fruit a capsule with 3 septicidal valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds ?, small, with punctate testa and abundant endosperm; embryo straight, about half as long as the seed, isocotylous.
    [FTEA]

    Ochnaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D.. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Completely glabrous shrubs, shrublets or annual or perennial herbs
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile to petiolate, serrate; stipules with laciniate margins or dissected into filamentous lobes, persistent
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences paniculate terminal or few-flowered monochasial cymes or flowers solitary in axils of foliage leaves or reduced bract-like leaves
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, quincuncially imbricate, persistent
    Corolla
    Petals 5, white or pink, deciduous
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, antisepalous, free with anthers dehiscing longitudinally; filaments short, in one species adnate to base of staminodial tube
    Staminodes
    Staminodes 5, petaloid, opposite the true petals in one species but usually in 2 whorls; outer staminodes many in a continuous ring or in 5 antisepalous groups, short, filiform and capitate or narrowly petaloid; inner staminodes 5, antipetalous, petaloid, free, forming a sort of corona
    Pistil
    Ovary with 3 parietal placentas (or axile at the base) each with many ovules in 2 rows; style simple, slender with small stigma
    Fruits
    Capsule with 3 septicidal valves; seeds numerous with punctate testa, abundant endosperm and straight embryo
    Distribution
    About 25 species all but 3 confined to tropical America.
    [FZ]

    Ochnaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Perennial herb, rhizomatous, completely glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate to sessile; lamina with margin serrate, revolute, sometimes ± incrassate; stipules with long-glandular-fimbriate margins or almost completely dissected into glandular-filamentous lobes, longitudinally striate, free, persistent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of few-flowered monochasial cymes (sometimes reduced to a solitary flower) in the axils of reduced ± bract-like vegetative leaves; pedicels articulated at the base or not articulated.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, quincuncial in bud, green with pale margin, persistent, not enlarging or changing colour in fruit.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, pink, not unguiculate, deciduous.
    Androecium
    Androecium of 2 whorls; staminodes 5, antipetalous, petaloid, connate at the base, forming a pseudocorona; stamens 5, antisepalous, with anthers dehiscing longitudinally and shorter filaments adnate to the base of the staminode tube.
    Pistil
    Ovary with 3 parietal placentas, each bearing ? ovules in two rows; style simple, slender; stigma narrowly capitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit a capsule with 3 septicidal valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds ?, small, with punctate testa and abundant endosperm; embryo straight, isocotylous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Mali, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Sumatera, Suriname, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre

    Sauvagesia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harley, R.M. [4552], Brazil K001202850
    Harley, R.M. [CFCR 6971], Brazil K001202851
    Ratter, J.A. [6809], Brazil K001202846
    Furlan, A. [7162], Brazil K001202853
    Furlan, A. [7209], Brazil K001202849
    Heringer, E.P. [18192], Brazil K001202848
    Kawasaki, M.L. [6624], Brazil K001202852
    Lewis, G. P. [1049], Bahia 63327.000
    Lewis, G. P. [s.n.], Bahia 63326.000
    Prance, G.T. [28850], Brazil K001202842
    Prance, G.T. [4868], Brazil K001202843
    Prance, G.T. [5124], Brazil K001202844
    Leitão Filho, H.F. [9605], Brazil K001202847
    Rosa, M.A. [3967], Brazil K001202845

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 203 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 111, under Violaceae.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 95 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 203 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 95 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 203 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0