1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Melanthera Rohr

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Myanmar, Africa, New Caledonia, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, sometimes scandent
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, usually scabrid
    Capitulum
    Capitula solitary or in lax cymes, shallowly hemispheric, sometimes becoming globose in fruit (in M. scandens), radiate (in Africa); involucre 2–3-seriate, the inner scarious and sheathing the achenes; receptacle paleate, the paleae enveloping the disc florets and usually obovate with ciliate upper margins
    Florets
    Ray florets conspicuous, style in these florets present or absent; disc florets tubular or nearly so, narrowed proximally; style branches narrowing to an acute apex or thickened just below the apex
    Fruits
    Achenes obovoid or obconical, compressed to 3-angled; pappus of 0–12 often unequal bristles, ?deciduous or fragile.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kentucky, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mali, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, South Carolina, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Illinois

    Melanthera Rohr appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Souza, V.C. [15108], Brazil K001030818

    First published in Skr. Naturhist.-Selsk. 2(1): 213 (1792)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 3: 381.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wagner & Robinson in Brittonia 53, 4: 539–561 (2001)
    • Lisowski, Asterac. Fl. Afr. Centr. 1: 204–218 (1991)
    • Wild in Kirkia 5: 1–18 (1965)
    • in Skrift. Nat. Selsk. Kobenh. 2: 213 (1792)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0