1. Family: Piperaceae Giseke
    1. Piper L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Pacific, Southern America, Northern America, Queensland and Asia-Temperate.


    Piperaceae, M.A. Diniz. Flora Zambesiaca 9:2. 1997

    Erect, scandent or climbing shrubs, or sometimes lianes.
    Stems often hollow, jointed at the nodes.
    Leaves alternate, sometimes asymmetrical at the base, membranous or coriaceous.
    Stipules adnate to the petiole, soon caducous.
    Inflorescences axillary or leaf-opposed, pedunculate, with flowers in dense cylindrical spikes, rarely racemose.
    Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual; plants monoecious or dioecious.
    Stamens 2–4(6) in the Flora Zambesiaca area; filaments short; anthers basifixed with the thecae usually distinct.
    Ovary ± ovoid to subglobose; stigmas 2–4(5), erect or recurved, sessile or on a short style.
    Fruit a ± globose 1-seeded drupe, sessile, rarely pedunculate.
    Seed sub-globose; testa thin; endosperm and perisperm hard.



    Found In:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced Into:

    Ascension, Christmas I., Cook Is., Florida, Galápagos, Hawaii, Maldives, Seychelles

    Piper L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Identified Reference Herbarium Specimen Type Status
    Jan 1, 2003 Ensermu, K. [3560], Cameroon K000180227
    Giles [PB302], Borneo 25237.000
    Johns, R.J. [9843], New Guinea 64282.000
    Johns, R.J. [9846], New Guinea 64284.000
    Cable, S. [2724], Cameroon K000180222
    Pennington, R.T. [94], Bolivia 56622.000
    Triono, T. [178], New Guinea 70637.000
    Johns, R.J. [8974], New Guinea 70220.000
    Johns, R.J. [9189], New Guinea 62563.000
    Wight, R. [Cat. no. s.n.], Indian Subcontinent K001132521
    Johns, R.J. [9839], New Guinea 71222.000
    Johns, R.J. [9841], New Guinea 64371.000
    Johns, R.J. [9201], New Guinea 62500.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 28 (1753)


    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1 : 144
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Tebbs in Kubitzki et al., Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 2: 518 (1993).
    • Bentham & Hooker f., Gen. Pl. 3: 129 (1880).
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 18 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. : 28 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
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    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2017. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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    [C] © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew