1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Gliricidia Kunth

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Peru.

    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Note

    The treatment of Polhill & Sousa (1981) recognised 21 genera and c. 145 species in Robinieae. This treatment, following modifications of Lavin (1988, 1993, 1995), Lavin & Sousa (1995), Polhill (1994), Lavin et al. (2003), reduces the tribe to 11 genera and c. 72 species (Fig. 52).

    The phylogenetic positions of genera in Robinieae (excluding Sesbanieae) have largely remained the same since Lavin & Sousa (1995), although recent phylogenetic analysis of molecular (ITS/5.8S, trnL intron and matK locus) and morphological data merit further modification (Lavin et al., 2003). The Cuban Hebestigma is well supported as sister to the Mesoamerican Lennea in the combined analysis of Lavin et al. (2003), and in most analyses the two genera are sister to the Gliricidia and Robinia groups. Within the monophyletic Gliricidia group, Gliricidia is now demonstrated to be paraphyletic with respect to Hybosema, so the two are amalgamated. The Gliricidia group still includes the Antillean Poitea together with Gliricidia.

    The monophyletic Robinia group comprising the ‘barbistyled’ genera, Olneya, Robinia, Coursetia, Peteria, Genistidium and Sphinctospermum, is sister to the Gliricidia group in most analyses of Lavin et al. (2003), although this is not strongly supported. The only significant modification within the Robinia group is that four eclectic species, Coursetia hypoleuca (Speg.) Lavin and C. orbicularis Benth. (unifoliolate species formerly composing the genus Poissonia), along with the Peruvian C. weberbaueri Harms and the Argentine-Bolivian C. heterantha (Griseb.) Lavin (formerly composing the monotypic Neocracca) form a well supported monophyletic group, here referred to as Poissonia, which in the analyses of Lavin et al. (2003) is either sister to Robinia or to Sphinctospermum.

    Closely related to Poitea; Lavin (1987; 1995) treated Hybosema separately from Gliricidia
    Habit
    Trees and shrubs
    Ecology
    Seasonally dry tropical, often lowland forest, thicket and thorn scrub, on hillsides and in exposed or disturbed areas; 1 sp. in montane woodland
    Distribution
    Mexico and C America, with 1 sp. in Ecuador to Peru; G. sepium (Jacq.) Steud. is widely introduced in tropical areas throughout the world
    [LOWO]
    Use
    The economically important G. sepium (madre de cacao, madricacao) is widely used for living fence systems, shade trees for crops, weed and erosion control, livestock fodder, medicine, insecticides, fuelwood, poles, green manure, ornamentals and bee forage

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Brazil North, Brazil South, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Southwest Caribbean

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Aruba, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Florida, French Guiana, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Sri Lanka, Suriname, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zimbabwe

    Gliricidia Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hughes, C.E. [1291], Mexico Hybosema 55900.000

    First published in F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 6: 393 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0