1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Gomphrena L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Central Malesia to Australia, Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [FZ]

    Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Annual or occasionally perennial herbs with entire, opposite leaves.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal or axillary, capitate or spicate, solitary or glomerate, often subtended by a pair of sessile leaves, bracteate with the bracts persistent in fruit, the axis frequently thickened.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, each solitary in the axil of a bract, bibracteolate; bracteoles laterally compressed, carinate, often more or less winged or cristate along the dorsal surface of the midrib, deciduous with the fruit.
    Tepal
    Tepals 5, erect, free or almost so, more or less lanate dorsally, at least the inner 2 usually more or less indurate at the base in fruit.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, monadelphous, the tube shortly 5-dentate with entire to very deeply bilobed teeth.
    Style
    Style short or long, stigmas 2, suberect or more or less divergent to very short.
    Ovary
    Ovary with a single pendulous ovule.
    Fruits
    Fruit a thin-walled, irregularly rupturing utricle.
    Seeds
    Seed ovoid, compressed.
    [FTEA]

    Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Annual or occasionally perennial herbs with entire opposite leaves
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal or axillary, capitate or spicate, solitary or glomerate, often subtended by a pair of sessile leaves, bracteate with the bracts persistent in fruit, the axis frequently thickened
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, each solitary in the axil of a bract, bibracteolate; bracteoles (in African species) laterally compressed, carinate, often ± winged or cristate along the dorsal surface of the midrib, deciduous with the fruit
    Tepal
    Tepals 5, erect, free or almost so, ± lanate dorsally, at least the inner 2 usually ± indurate at the base in fruit
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, monadelphous, the tube shortly 5-dentate with entire to very deeply bilobed teeth; anthers unilocular
    Pistil
    Ovary with a single pendulous ovule; style short or long; stigmas 2, suberect or ± divergent, filiform to very short
    Fruits
    Fruit a thin-walled irregularly rupturing capsule
    Seeds
    Seed ovoid, compressed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile Central, Chile North, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Maluku, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Northern Territory, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Queensland, South Australia, Texas, Uruguay, Venezuela, Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Angola, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Congo, Cook Is., Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Pennsylvania, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Carolina, Sudan, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuelan Antilles, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Gomphrena L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harley, R.M. [20897], Brazil K001209313
    Harley, R.M. [54842], Brazil K001209317
    Harley, R.M. [54528], Brazil K001209318
    Ratter, J.A. [6688], Brazil K001209315
    Ratter, J.A. [6688], Brazil K001209316
    Giulietti, A.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001209314
    Giulietti, A.M. [2426], Brazil K001209319
    Giulietti, A.M. [2216], Brazil K001209320
    Ganev, W. [3126], Brazil K001207795
    Sakuragui, C.M. [CFCR/13885], Brazil K001207798
    Sakuragui, C.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001209312
    Gomes, A.P.S. [8], Brazil K001209327
    Rodal, M.J.N. [658], Brazil K001209324
    Rodal, M.J.N. [626], Brazil K001209326
    Figueiredo, L. [255], Brazil K001209321
    Pimentel, D.S. [14], Brazil K001209322
    Esteves, G.L. [CFCR 6054], Brazil K001207794
    Tschá, M.C. [258], Brazil K001209323
    Tschá, M.C. [113], Brazil K001209328
    Inácio, E. [125], Brazil K001209325
    Inácio, E. [13], Brazil K001209329
    Froggatt, W.W. [13], Australia K000357337

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 224 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 75.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 105 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 224 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 105 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 224 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0