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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.


Myrsinaceae, P. Halliday. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

Shrubs, trees or woody herbs, hermaphrodite or ♀
Leaves usually marked with dark, often raised dots or streaks
Inflorescence axillary, with a bract-covered peduncle shorter than or equalling the petioles and bearing less than 12 flowers
Flowers 5-merous
Sepals and petals imbricate, the latter shortly united and sometimes contorted in bud
Stamens subsessile on lower 1/3 of petals; anthers large, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, often adnate in bud
Ovary with several to many ovules in several rows but in African species usually with placenta bearing few ovules which are in 1 row on the upper half of the placenta and attached basally to it; style long, slender; stigma minute, punctiform
Fruit globose, 1-seeded; endocarp brittle
Seed globose, covered by remnants of placenta; embryo transverse, straight or slightly curved.


Julius, A. & Utteridge, T.M.A. Kew Bull (2012) 67: 379.

Herbs or low subshrubs
Leaves subopposite, subverticillate or crowded towards the stem apex, rarely alternate; margins finely and densely serrate or serrulate-denticulate (rarely nearly entire), lacking marginal glands
Inflorescences axillary, in axils of fully-developed or bract-like leaves; simple racemes appearing umbellate or corymbose or compound-racemose (appearing umbellate-paniculate)
Flowers 5-merous; sepals spreading at anthesis, not or scarcely overlapping; filaments short or very short; styles inserted before anthesis; ovules few to many in 1 – 3 series.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Central American Pac, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Korea, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Zaïre

Introduced into:

Alabama, Bermuda, Cook Is., Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mauritius, Northern Territory, Réunion, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Texas

Ardisia Sw. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Forman, L. [178], Indonesia 7019.000
Thomas, D.W. [388], Cameroon K000027702
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 9128], Malaysia K001132247
s.coll. [s.n.] K000802073
s.coll. [s.n.] K000802075
Lyne [150], Tanzania K000791916
Lyne [150], Tanzania K000802074

First published in Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ.: 48 (1788)

Accepted by

  • Jackes, B.R. (2009). Taxonomic revision of Australian Myrsinaceae: Ardisia Sw. and Terardisia Mez Austrobaileya 8: 1-23.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.


Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Mez in E.P. IV. 236: 57 (1901)
  • Prodr.: 3, 48 (1788)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.