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This genus is accepted, and its native range is NE. & E. Tropical Africa, Tropical Asia to E. & E. Australia.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Habit
Trees up to 20 m high; indumentum of simple, glandular and stellate hairs
Leaves
Leaves 2–3 times pinnate; leaflets subentire to deeply serrate or crenate
Flowers
Flowers bisexual or male on the same individual
Calyx
Calyx lobed almost to the base, lobes 5(–6), lanceolate, imbricate
Corolla
Corolla 5(–6)-merous, petals free, imbricate
Stamens
Staminal tube narrowly cylindrical; anthers 10, shortly apiculate; appendages alternating with or opposite the anthers
Disc
Disk annular, free, surrounding the base of the ovary
Ovary
Ovary 4–8-celled; cells with 2 superposed ovules; style with 4–8 erect stigmatic lobes
Fruits
Fruit a drupe with 3–8 cells; cells usually 1-seeded.
Distribution
Three species, two native in Africa and one in southern Asia and Australia.

[FTEA]

Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Habit
Trees
Indumentum
Indumentum of simple, glandular and stellate hairs
Leaves
Leaves 2–3-pinnate; leaflets subentire to deeply serrate or crenate
Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite and ♂ on the same individual (plant andromonoecious)
Calyx
Calyx lobed almost to the base; lobes 5(–6), lanceolate, imbricate
Corolla
Petals 5(–6), free, imbricate
Stamens
Staminal tube narrowly cylindric, slightly expanded at the mouth; anthers 10, shortly apiculate; appendages alternating with or opposite to the anthers
Disc
Disk annular, free, surrounding the base of the ovary
Pistil
Ovary 4–8-locular; locules with 2 superposed ovules; style-head scarcely wider than the style, with 4–8 erect stigmatic lobes
Fruits
Fruit 3–8-locular drupe; locules usually 1-seeded
Distribution
3 species, 2 of which are indigenous to Africa; the third, M. azedarach as a wild plant extends from India to Australia — it is widely planted, and locally naturalized, in the tropics and subtropics.

[FZ]

Meliaceae, F. White & B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Habit
Trees or shrubs.
Indumentum
Indumentum of simple, glandular, and stellate hairs.
Leaves
Leaves 2- or 3-pinnate; leaflets usually rather deeply crenate or serrate.
Flowers
Flowers bisexual.
Calyx
Calyx lobed almost to the base, lobes 5 (6), lanceolate, imbricate.
Corolla
Petals 5 (6), free, much longer than the calyx in bud, imbricate (sometimes only distinctly so at the apex).
Stamens
Staminal tube cylindric; anthers 10–12, shortly apiculate, alternating with a pair of narrowly deltate appendages.
Disc
Disk annular, crenulate, free from the ovary and staminal tube.
Pistil
Ovary 4–8-locular, each loculus with 2 superposed ovules (the lower pendulous, the upper directed upwards); style elongate, shorter than the staminal tube; style-head scarcely wider than the style, coroniform, with 4–8 erect stigmatic lobes.
Fruits
Fruit drupaceous with 4–8 loosely united pyrenes, each with 1–2 seeds.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia

Introduced into:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Algeria, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Ascension, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Christmas I., Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., Easter Is., El Salvador, Fiji, France, Free State, Galápagos, Gambia, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Honduras, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Japan, Kazan-retto, Korea, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Mexico, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Seychelles, Sicilia, South Australia, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, St.Helena, Sudan, Swaziland, Tennessee, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Victoria, Windward Is., Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Melia L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132325

First published in Sp. Pl.: 384 (1753)

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Harms in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 19B, 1: 99 (1940).
  • —F.T.A. 1: 332

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 182 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 384 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by A. S. Hassan & M. Cheek [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Pennington & Styles in Blumea 22: 463 (1975)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 182 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 384 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0