1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Rothmannia Thunb.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Seychelles.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Unarmed shrubs or small trees.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite but can appear ternate at fertile nodes, with or without domatia, petiolate; stipule limbs triangular, ± acuminate.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, terminal on reduced branches very often borne above a single leaf (TAB. 75/3&4), sessile or shortly pedicellate, pedunculate or not, solitary or less often 2–17, large or very large, often pendent.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube usually turbinate to cylindrical; limb-tube velvety inside, often with colleters interspersed; lobes present or absent, erect.
    Corolla
    Corolla mostly white with coloured spots; narrowly to distinctly funnel-shaped or campanulate; lobes 5 (or 7–8, not in the Flora area) contorted, overlapping either to the right or to the left according to the species.
    Stamens
    Stamens with anthers included or partly exserted.
    Pollen
    Pollen grains simple.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1-locular with 2 parietal placentas opposite to each other and sometimes partially fused; ovules very numerous; style glabrous subulate; pollen presenter usually large with the stigmatic surface confined to the shortly bilobed apex included or exserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit globular or ellipsoid, smooth or ribbed, usually large sometimes crowned with the persistent calyx limb; pericarp thick or coriaceous.
    Seeds
    Seeds very numerous, sublenticular, embedded in the pulpy placental tissue and forming a solid mass.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Unarmed shrubs or small trees
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or occasionally ternate, petiolate, with or without domatia; stipules triangular, ± acuminate
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, terminal, on very reduced branches, usually above a single leaf, sessile or shortly pedicellate or pedunculate, solitary or less often cymose, large or very large, often pendent
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube usually turbinate to cylindrical; limb-tube velvety inside, often with colleters interspersed; lobes present or absent, erect
    Corolla
    Corolla mostly white with coloured spots; narrowly to distinctly funnel-shaped or campanulate; lobes 5 (or in one species 7–8), contorted, overlapping either to the right or to the left according to the species
    Stamens
    Stamens with anthers included or partly exserted; pollen grains simple
    Pistil
    Ovary 1-locular, with 2 parietal placentas opposite to each other and sometimes partially fused; ovules very numerous; style glabrous subulate; stigma consisting of the usually club-shaped pollen receptacle with the stigmatic surface confined to the shortly bilobed apex
    Fruits
    Fruit globular or ellipsoid, smooth or grooved, usually large, sometimes crowned with the persistent calyx-limb; pericarp thick or coriaceous
    Seeds
    Seeds very numerous, sublenticular, 0.5–1.2 cm. long, embedded in the pulpy placental tissue and forming a solid mass.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Trinidad-Tobago

    Rothmannia Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2005 Harvey, Y.B. [118], Cameroon K000337931
    Jun 1, 2005 Harvey, Y.B. [118], Cameroon K000436994
    Jan 1, 2003 Harry, D. [2759], Central African Republic 65190.000
    Jan 1, 1998 Acworth, J.M. [293], Cameroon K000011821
    Sandford, A.E. [1367], Ethiopia 34536.000
    Etuge, M. [1992], Cameroon 63796.000
    Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [1123], Cameroon K000436288

    First published in Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 37: 63 (1776)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Fagerlind in Arkiv för Bot. Stockh. 30A, No. 7: 39 (1943).
    • in Vet. Acad. Handl. Stockh. 65 (1776)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Bridson in F.T.E.A., Rubiaceae: 511 (1988).
    • N. Hallé in Fl. Gabon, no. 17, Rubiacées (2e partie): 228 (1970).
    • Keay in Bull. Jard. Bot. État 28: 47 (1958).
    • Fagerlind in Arkiv Bot. Stockh. 30A,7: 39 (1943) pro parte.
    • in Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 37: 65 (1776).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hallé in Fl. Gabon 17, Rubiacées, 2: 228 (1970)
    • Keay in B.J.B.B. 28: 47 (1958)
    • Fagerl. in Arkiv Bot. 30A (7): 39 (1943), pro parte
    • in Vet. Acad. Handl. Stockholm 37: 65 (1776)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0