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  1. Family: Apocynaceae Juss.
    1. Ceropegia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Africa to NE. Australia.

    [FTEA]

    Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

    Habit
    Perennial herbs, stems twining or less often erect, sometimes succulent and persistent.
    Exudate
    Latex usually clear, occasionally cloudy or milky in the more succulent species.
    Roots
    Rootstock a fascicle of fusiform roots or a subglobose to compressed tuber or, in the case of the more succulent species, plant usually with fibrous roots, occasionally plants with a pyriform tuber or a rhizomatous root system
    Leaves
    Leaves herbaceous, succulent or, less often, rudimentary and sometimes reduced to scales, rarely ± lobed, glabrous or pubescent; petiole often adaxially channeled
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence extra-axillary sessile or pedunculate, mostly contracted into a pseudoumbel, less often elongated and raceme-like or paniculate
    Pedicel
    Pedicel always present.
    Calyx
    Sepals small, mostly lanceolate or subulate
    Corolla
    Corolla very variable and often complex in form, indumentum and colouring, occasionally zygomorphic; corolla tube well developed, usually with a distinct basal swelling around the corona, sometimes with an internal annulus, often with ciliate hairs on inside; corolla lobes mostly shorter than corolla tube, mostly remaining attached at tips to form a cagelike structure over the mouth of the corolla tube, less often spreading to reflexed, usually hairy
    Corona
    Gynostegial corona biseriate; with 5 staminal (inner) and 5 interstaminal (outer) parts; outer lobes mostly 2-toothed, sometimes teeth very short; inner corona lobes usually dorsiventrally compressed, ± linear, mostly much longer than anthers and connivent into a column over stylar head or free, rarely rudimentary and shorter than anthers Corolline corona absent
    Pollinarium
    Pollinarium of two shiny yellowish or occasionally shiny orange pollinia laterally attached to a central hard, shiny, brown corpusculum by very short simple terete whitish-translucent caudicles; pollen with prominent apical translucent margins (germination mouths)
    Fruits
    Follicles paired, narrowly or widely divergent, usually slender and smooth, occasionally thick and smooth or verrucose
    Seeds
    Seeds dorsiventrally flattened, ovate to oblong, with a smooth generally blackish to brown central part enclosing the embryo surrounded by a narrow, thinner, paler margin; coma of white silky hairs at micropylar end.
    Note
    There is considerable uncertainty as to the number of species as many are apparently extremely rare whilst others seem to have very disjunct distributions. 51 species recognised for FTEA. Many species have flowers with somewhat cryptic coloration and members of this genus are difficult to spot in the field, even when the flowers are quite large. The basal parts are very characteristic and should always be recorded. Swollen roots of many species are recorded as edible, often as thirst quenchers.
    [FTEA]

    Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

    Habit
    Geophytic perennial herbs, usually dwarf, with a single tuber or a cluster of fleshy, fusiform roots.
    Exudate
    Latex clear.
    Stem
    Stems prostrate or procumbent to erect, never twining, single or variously branched
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, herbaceous, never rudimentary, sessile or with a short petiole, without glands at base
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence lateral or terminal, pedicellate, 1–many-flowered umbellate cyme, rarely a racemelike pedunculate panicle (e.g B. rubellum)
    Calyx
    Sepals without basal glands within
    Corolla
    Corolla with united base, sometimes ± tubular, mainly campanulate to shallowly bowl-shaped, tube rarely longer than lobes; lobes free at tips and rotately spreading, rarely connate at tips (e.g B floribundum var mlimakito and B gracile), flat or replicate, broadest at base, rarely broader at apex (e.g B. rubellum)
    Corona
    Corolline corona absent Gynostegial corona arising from staminal column, sessile or subsessile, 2-seriate or sometimes appearing 1-seriate; interstaminal (outer) parts cupular (with the inner corona lobes arising from within), disciform, or variously lobed or toothed or pocket-like and confluent with lateral margins of inner lobes; staminal (inner) parts incumbent on backs of anthers and occasionally elongated above staminal column, sometimes reduced to cushion-like swellings at bases of anthers
    Anthers
    Anthers 2-locular, oblong or subquadrate, without appendages, incumbent or inflexed on the conical-convex to flattened stylar head at centre of staminal column.
    Pollinia
    Pollinia subglobose, oblong or suborbicular, often D-shaped; subhorizontal or ascending, solitary in each anther theca, pellucid on inner margin to varying degrees, attached in pairs by short delicate caudicles to a hard, often winged, corpusculum
    Fruits
    Follicles fusiform, linear-fusiform or ellipsoid, smooth, green, sometimes mottled
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong, convex on one side, flat or concave on other, with narrow marginal wing, crowned with a coma of tufted long hairs at the chalazal end.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bismarck Archipelago, Society Is.

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Ceropegia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    1031.000
    Tanzania 3990.000
    5321.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7151], Kenya 30769.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [4377], Zambia 6714.000
    Greenway, P.J. [9966] 31059.000
    Gillett, J.B. [14061], Kenya 1047.000
    Gillett, J.B. [14316], Ethiopia 1925.000
    Wild, H. [49353], Zimbabwe 1050.000
    Wild, H. [4789], Zimbabwe 30962.000
    Robson, N.K. [1162], Malawi 1048.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [592] 31628.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [S160], Kenya 3409.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [9891], Kenya 47154.000
    Archer, P.G. [C 21], Kenya 58573.000
    Polhill, R. [1353], Tanzania 1780.000
    Polhill, R. [1155], Tanzania 3782.000
    Adams, C.D., Ghana 22865.000
    Adams, C.D., Ghana 48594.000
    Adams, C.D. [996], Ghana 48597.000
    Archer, P. [187], Kenya 48592.000
    Archer, P. [201], Kenya 48596.000
    Obermeijer, A.A. [37067], Zimbabwe 1928.000
    Drummond, R.D. [1916], Tanzania 1930.000
    Collenette, I.S. [3283], Saudi Arabia 44115.000
    Collenette, I.S. [3326], Saudi Arabia 45745.000
    Collenette, I.S. [3329], Saudi Arabia 45746.000
    Collenette, I.S. [2616], Saudi Arabia 45756.000
    Collenette, I.S. [3160], Saudi Arabia 45996.000
    Collenette, I.S. [5918], Saudi Arabia 50063.000
    Collenette, I.S. [6363], Saudi Arabia 51530.000
    Collenette, I.S. [6462], Saudi Arabia 53937.000
    Collenette, I.S. [6463], Saudi Arabia 53941.000
    unknown [18/6491], Mozambique 58553.000
    Wood, J.R.I. [1829], Yemen 46089.000
    Collenette [3749] 49455.000
    Cunningham [B 1306], Kenya 58545.000
    Dupuy, D.J. [M848], Madagascar 71660.000
    Bidgood, S. [5661], Tanzania K000468763
    MacArthur, G.C. [s.n.], Kenya 5106.000
    Koopowitz, H. 58530.000
    DuPuy, B. [MB 771], Madagascar 60955.000
    DuPuy, B. [MB 607], Madagascar 63573.000
    s.coll. [s.n.] 48406.000
    s.coll. [s.n.] 48413.000
    Levy, B., Zimbabwe 6712.000
    Wild, H. [2278], Zimbabwe Brachystelma 1987.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 211 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0