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  1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Stemodia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Southern America, Northern America and Australasia..


    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Annual, glandular-pubescent, often aromatic herbs, much-branched, or subshrubs.
    Leaves opposite or verticillate, occasionally alternate below, simple, subentire to variously toothed.
    Flowers zygomorphic in lax terminal racemes or solitary-axillary, pedicellate.
    Pedicels uni- or bibracteolate.
    Calyx 5-lobed; lobes narrow, equal or subequal.
    Corolla tubular; tube cylindric; upper lip broad, emarginate to entire; lower lip trilobed.
    Stamens 4, didynamous, included; filaments slender; anther thecae stipitate, all fertile.
    Style usually bilobed.
    Capsule globose, ovoid, sometimes acuminate, valves 2, bifid or 4; usually loculicidally dehiscent Seeds numerous, small, striate.

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Herbs or undershrubs, glandular-pubescent, often aromatic
    Leaves opposite or whorled
    Flowers solitary in the axils of leaves or in a crowded leafy spike
    Calyx deeply 5-lobed, lobes narrow, imbricate, equal or subequal
    Corolla white or blue, 2lipped, tube cylindrical
    Stamens 4, didynamous, included, filaments filiform, antherthecae stipitate, all fertile
    Ovary with the style dilated at the apex, usually 2-lobed
    Capsule narrow ovoid or globose, dehiscence loculicidal or sometimes septicidal, valves 2 or 4
    Seeds numerous, minute.



    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Territory, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia

    Introduced into:

    Florida, Galápagos, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Jawa, Laos, Liberia, Malaya, Mauritius, Réunion, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Taiwan, Vietnam

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Stemodia L. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1118 (1759)


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 313. Nom. cons.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Syst. Nat., ed. 10: 1118 (1759).

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Syst. Nat. ed. 10: 1091, 118, 1374 (1759), nom. conserv.


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew