1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Stemodia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Southern America, Northern America and Australasia..

    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Annual, glandular-pubescent, often aromatic herbs, much-branched, or subshrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or verticillate, occasionally alternate below, simple, subentire to variously toothed.
    Flowers
    Flowers zygomorphic in lax terminal racemes or solitary-axillary, pedicellate.
    Inflorescences
    Pedicels uni- or bibracteolate.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed; lobes narrow, equal or subequal.
    Corolla
    Corolla tubular; tube cylindric; upper lip broad, emarginate to entire; lower lip trilobed.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, didynamous, included; filaments slender; anther thecae stipitate, all fertile.
    Style
    Style usually bilobed.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, ovoid, sometimes acuminate, valves 2, bifid or 4; usually loculicidally dehiscent Seeds numerous, small, striate.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Habit
    Herbs or undershrubs, glandular-pubescent, often aromatic
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or whorled
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the axils of leaves or in a crowded leafy spike
    Calyx
    Calyx deeply 5-lobed, lobes narrow, imbricate, equal or subequal
    Corolla
    Corolla white or blue, 2lipped, tube cylindrical
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, didynamous, included, filaments filiform, antherthecae stipitate, all fertile
    Ovary
    Ovary with the style dilated at the apex, usually 2-lobed
    Fruits
    Capsule narrow ovoid or globose, dehiscence loculicidal or sometimes septicidal, valves 2 or 4
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, minute.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Laos, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Territory, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Senegal, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia

    Introduced into:

    Galápagos, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Liberia, Mauritius, Réunion, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Taiwan

    Stemodia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1118 (1759)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 313. Nom. cons.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Syst. Nat., ed. 10: 1118 (1759).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Syst. Nat. ed. 10: 1091, 118, 1374 (1759), nom. conserv.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0