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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temperate & Subtropics.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Often fleshy herbs
Morphology Leaves
Scale-like leaves few to many
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers few to many in terminal spike or raceme; bracts present, scale-like; bracteoles 2 or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, with (2–)4–5 acute teeth, sometimes split to the base into 2 free segments
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tubular to funnel-shaped, with 2-lipped limb, upper lip 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens included
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 1-celled with 4 placentas; stigma 2-lobed, peltate or funnel-shaped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subglobose, minute.
Distribution
Some 160 species mainly in temperate to subtropical regions of the northern hemisphere.

[FTEA]

Orobanchaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1957

Morphology General Habit
Stems erect, seldom fleshy in E. African spp., scaly, simple or branched, singly or in clusters
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a cylindrical spike or spiciform raceme
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers very congested to long interrupted, bracteate, with or without bracteoles (2)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts similar to the scales
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, sessile or stalked, (2–) 4–5 dentate, gamosepalous, or split dorsally and ventrally into two free sections
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tubular, the lobes of the limb arranged in two unequal parts as an upper and lower lip; upper lip of two equal, lower lip of three equal or unequal lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens not or scarcely protruding; filaments glabrous to glandular hairy; anther cells parallel or slightly diverging
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style terminally decurved; stigma distinctly or obscurely bilobed, peltate, or funnel-shaped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid-ellipsoid or ovoid-spheroid.

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Parasitic perennial, biennial or annual herbs, lacking chlorophyll, usually covered with gland-tipped hairs; stems erect, simple or branched, stout or slender, slightly succulent or not, of ten thickened or more or less woody at the base.
Morphology Leaves Scale leaves
Leaves occurring as large scales.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence spicate or racemose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile or shortly pedicellate, congested to laxly arranged, bracteate; bracteoles 2 or absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, 3–5-lobed, or divided to base into two bifid or bilobed segments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tubular, usually curved, throat somewhat widened, strongly bilabiate; upper lip entire, emarginate or bifid or bilobed, with equal lobes; lower lip 3-lobed, lobes equal or unequal with prominent folds between.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, didynamous, included or nearly so, inserted below middle of tube; filaments usually thickened towards base, glabrous to glandular-hairy; anthers of ten cohering, thecae parallel or somewhat divergent, mucronate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule bivalved, ovoid-globose or ovoid-ellipsoid, loculicidally dehiscent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, minute, subglobose.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Mali, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Cape Provinces, Colombia, Costa Rica, Georgia, Mauritius, Namibia, New Zealand North, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Réunion

Orobanche L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
16827.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [12290], Italy 1806.000
Wood, J.J. [79], Cyprus 39014.000
Rico, L. [1794], Armenia 64739.000
Albury [ACW 658], Turkey 71986.000
Albury [ACW 772], Turkey 71988.000
Albury [ACW 770], Turkey 71989.000
Albury [ACW 855], Turkey 71992.000
Albury [ACW 1046], Turkey 71415.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 464.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 2, 2: 984 (1876).
  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 281 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 281 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0