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  1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Orobanche L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temperate & Subtropics.


    Orobanchaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1957

    Stems erect, seldom fleshy in E. African spp., scaly, simple or branched, singly or in clusters
    Inflorescence a cylindrical spike or spiciform raceme
    Flowers very congested to long interrupted, bracteate, with or without bracteoles (2)
    Bracts similar to the scales
    Calyx campanulate, sessile or stalked, (2–) 4–5 dentate, gamosepalous, or split dorsally and ventrally into two free sections
    Corolla tubular, the lobes of the limb arranged in two unequal parts as an upper and lower lip; upper lip of two equal, lower lip of three equal or unequal lobes
    Stamens not or scarcely protruding; filaments glabrous to glandular hairy; anther cells parallel or slightly diverging
    Style terminally decurved; stigma distinctly or obscurely bilobed, peltate, or funnel-shaped
    Capsule ovoid-ellipsoid or ovoid-spheroid.

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Parasitic perennial, biennial or annual herbs, lacking chlorophyll, usually covered with gland-tipped hairs; stems erect, simple or branched, stout or slender, slightly succulent or not, of ten thickened or more or less woody at the base.
    Scale leaves
    Leaves occurring as large scales.
    Inflorescence spicate or racemose.
    Flowers sessile or shortly pedicellate, congested to laxly arranged, bracteate; bracteoles 2 or absent.
    Calyx campanulate, 3–5-lobed, or divided to base into two bifid or bilobed segments.
    Corolla tubular, usually curved, throat somewhat widened, strongly bilabiate; upper lip entire, emarginate or bifid or bilobed, with equal lobes; lower lip 3-lobed, lobes equal or unequal with prominent folds between.
    Stamens 4, didynamous, included or nearly so, inserted below middle of tube; filaments usually thickened towards base, glabrous to glandular-hairy; anthers of ten cohering, thecae parallel or somewhat divergent, mucronate.
    Capsule bivalved, ovoid-globose or ovoid-ellipsoid, loculicidally dehiscent.
    Seeds numerous, minute, subglobose.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Mali, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Cape Provinces, Colombia, Costa Rica, Georgia, Mauritius, Namibia, New Zealand North, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Réunion

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Orobanche L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [12290], Italy 1806.000
    Wood, J.J. [79], Cyprus 39014.000
    Rico, L. [1794], Armenia 64739.000
    Albury [ACW 658], Turkey 71986.000
    Albury [ACW 772], Turkey 71988.000
    Albury [ACW 770], Turkey 71989.000
    Albury [ACW 855], Turkey 71992.000
    Albury [ACW 1046], Turkey 71415.000


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 464.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 2, 2: 984 (1876).
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 281 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 281 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.