1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Epipactis Zinn

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical to Malawi.

    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb, occasionally saprophytic, with very short rhizomes, numerous fleshy roots and simple erect leafy stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate or lanceolate, plicate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence racemose; flowers usually dull reddish or greenish, pedicelled.
    Calyx
    Sepals and petals free.
    Labellum
    Lip with no spur, but with the hypochile forming a nectar-containing cup; hypochile articulated to the epichile by a narrow joint.
    Column
    Column short, flat or concave in front, with a shallow cup at the apex; anther free, 2-celled, hinged at the back of the column apex, behind the stigma and rostellum; pollinia 2, attached near the rostellum apex, each longitudinally divided, caudicles absent; pollen grains in friable masses loosely bound by fine threads.
    Stigma
    Stigma broad, with the large, globular rostellum placed centrally above it.
    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Terrestrial, occasionally saprophytic herbs with horizontal or vertical, very short rhizomes, numerous fleshy roots and simple, erect, leafy stems
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate or lanceolate, plicate, occasionally very small
    Flowers
    Flowers in ± secund racemes, rather inconspicuous, spreading or pendulous, shortly pedicelled
    Tepal
    Tepals spreading or remaining closed, dull reddish or greenish
    Calyx
    Sepals free, subequal
    Corolla
    Petals scarcely smaller than sepals
    Labellum
    Lip usually in 2 parts articulated by a narrow joint or fold (mesochile); the basal part (hypochile) forms a nectar-containing cup often with a pair of basal bosses; the apical part (epichile) forms a ± cordate or triangular downwardly directed terminal lobe; spur absent
    Column
    Column short, flat or concave in front with a shallow cup at apex; anther free, hinged at the back of the summit of the column, behind the stigma and rostellum, ovate, slightly convex, 2-celled; pollinia 2, tapering towards their apices near which they are attached to the rostellum, each ± divided longitudinally into halves; caudicles absent; pollen grains forming friable masses loosely bound by fine threads; stigma prominent, broad; rostellum placed centrally above the stigma, large, globular, persistent, evanescent or absent
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong, spreading or pendulous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Arizona, Assam, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colorado, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, Idaho, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Malawi, Manchuria, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Mexico, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Oklahoma, Oman, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Arkansas, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

    Epipactis Zinn appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Thomas, C., United Kingdom 19430.000

    First published in Cat. Pl. Hort. Gott.: 85 (1757)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Efimov, P. (2007). Genus Epipactis Zinn. (Orchidaceae) in the Russia Turczaninowia 7(3): 8-42.
    • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2006). Epidendroideae (Part One) Genera Orchidacearum 4: 1-672. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Cat. Pl. Hort. Gott.: 85 (1757) nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Cat.: 85 (1757), nom. conserv.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0