1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Droogmansia De Wild.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:6. 2000

    Habit
    Subshrubs or small shrubs with well-developed rootstocks.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1-foliolate, frequently developing after the flowers have appeared; petioles nearly always conspicuously winged, often so much so as to appear like a second lower leaf-blade, rarely not winged; stipules striate, ciliate; stipels present.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences on leafy or leafless shoots, terminal or axillary, falsely racemose or paniculate; primary and secondary bracts present; bracteoles absent; flowers readily disarticulating from their pedicels.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, 2-lipped; upper lip ± 2-fid, composed of 2 teeth connate for most of their length; lower lip prominently 3-fid, the central lobe the longest.
    Corolla
    Corolla mostly medium-sized, white to purple; standard rounded, produced into a claw at the base, sometimes puberulous outside when young; wings clawed, transversely rugose inside, usually shorter than the other petals; keel usually as long as the standard.
    Stamens
    Vexillary filament free at base and apex but connate with the main tube for one-third to half of its length; free parts of the filaments dissimilar, 4 short and filiform, 5 much dilated, longer and pincer-shaped at insertion of the anther; anthers uniform.
    Nectaries
    Intrastaminal disk short.
    Pistil
    Ovary stipitate, 2–many-ovuled; style filiform but slightly stiffened, curved, glabrous above the narrowed hairy apex of the ovary; stigma terminal, capitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit usually markedly stipitate (the stipe often plumose), 1–several-jointed, silky pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds compressed-reniform; hilum minute, without appendages.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Subshrubs or small shrubs with well-developed rootstocks
    Leaves
    Leaves unifoliolate, frequently developing after the flowers have appeared; petioles nearly always conspicuously winged, often so much so as to appear like a second lower leaf-blade, rarely not winged; stipules striate, ciliate; stipels present
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences on leafy or leafless snoots, terminal or axillary, falsely racemose or paniculate; primary and secondary bracts present; bracteoles absent; flowers readily disarticulating with their pedicels
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, 2-lipped; upper lip ± bifid, composed of 2 teeth connate for most of their length; lower lip prominently trifid, the central lobe the longest
    Corolla
    Corolla mostly medium-sized, white to purple; standard rounded, produced into a claw at the base, sometimes puberulous outside when young; wings clawed, transversely rugose inside, usually shorter than the other petals; keel usually as long as the standard
    Stamens
    Vexillary filament free at base and apex but connate with the main tube for one-third to half of its length; free parts of the filaments dissimilar, 4 short and filiform, 5 much dilated, longer and pincer-shaped at insertion of the anther; anthers uniform
    Disc
    Intrastaminal disc short
    Pistil
    Ovary stipitate, 2–many-ovuled; style filiform but slightly stiffened, curved, glabrous above the narrowed hairy apex of the ovary; stigma terminal, capitate
    Fruits
    Pods usually markedly stipitate (the stipe often plumose), 1–several-jointed, silky pubescent
    Seeds
    Seeds compressed-reniform; hilum minute, without appendages.
    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Note

    The tribe Desmodieae as treated by Ohashi et al. (1981) comprised 27 genera and c. 540 species in three subtribes, the Bryinae, Desmodiinae and Lespedezinae. Molecular analyses by Bailey et al. (1997) and Doyle et al. (2000) show that Bryinae has affinities elsewhere; Lavin et al. (2001a) place it within the Pterocarpus clade of the Dalbergieae sens. lat. (see page 309). The Bryinae are therefore removed from the Desmodieae here, as are two genera formerly placed in subtribe Lespedezinae; Phylacium Benn. and Neocollettia Hemsl., which are moved to tribe Phaseoleae (see page 393) on morphological, palynological and molecular evidence (Doyle et al., 2000; Kajita et al., 2001). The two remaining subtribes of Desmodieae are recognised in this treatment as three groups, the Lespedeza, Phyllodium and Desmodium groups, based on results of an analysis of the chloroplast gene rbcL (Kajita et al., 2001). The Phyllodium and Desmodium groups correspond to subtribe Desmodiinae, and the Lespedeza group to subtribe Lespedezinae (with Campylotropis now comprising 37 instead of 65 species as in Ohashi et al., 1981).

    Desmodieae as circumscribed here comprises 30 genera and (524)–527–(530) species (Fig. 48). The tribe occurs in the tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions of the world, but extends into the cool temperate and sub-boreal regions of E Asia and N America (except W of the Rocky Mountains). At generic level subtribe Desmodiinae is most diverse in tropical S and SE Asia (Dy Phon et al., 1994), while temperate E Asia (Yang & Huang, 1995) and N America (Isely, 1998) are the centres of diversity of subtribe Lespedezinae. The tribe occurs widely from coastal to montane areas, but not at high altitudes. Species are most commonly shrubs or subshrubs, sometimes herbs, rarely trees and are usually erect and 3-foliolate.

    The Desmodieae have been considered similar to tribe Phaseoleae (Polhill, 1981a) and were recently shown to be a monophyletic lineage included within Phaseoleae sens. lat. (Fig. 47, page 394), closely related to subtribe Kennediinae (Doyle & Doyle, 1993, Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 1997) and possibly sister to Mucuna (Bailey et al., 1997; Doyle et al., 2000; Kajita et al., 2001).

    Verdcourt (2000) notes that species are very poorly defined and based on sparse material; only a very few true species may be recognisable when abundant material is available; the Indo-Chinese species D. godefroyana (Kuntze) Schindl. was moved to Tadehagi (Ohashi, 1973a), and then to Akschindlium (Ohashi, 2003). A genus much in need of revision
    Habit
    Shrubs or subshrubs
    Ecology
    Seasonally dry tropical plateau to montane woodland, wooded grassland, bushland or seasonally wet grassland
    Distribution
    SC to W Zambezian to Sudanian Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Droogmansia De Wild. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., sér. 4, 1: 53 (1902)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Ann. Mus. Congo, sér. 4: 53 (1902).
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Verdcourt in Kirkia 9: 536 (1974).
    • in Ann. Mus. Congo, Sér. IV, Bot. [Études Fl. Katanga] 1: 53, t. 23 (1902).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot., sér. 4: 53, t. 23 (1902)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0