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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.
Cyperus sp.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials, rhizomatous or stoloniferous
Morphology Culms
Culms mostly scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rarely without blade; ligule 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts one to several, mostly leaf-like, the lowermost largest, the others progressively smaller
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal or pseudolateral, capitate or anthelate and often with primary, and sometimes secondary branches terminating in 1 or more or digitate clusters of spikelets (spikes), sometimes the spikelets more spaced out on an elongated axis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets linear to ovoid. Laterally flattened; axis persistent or spikelet falling off as entity when nutlets are ripened (subgenus Mariscus).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes few to many, 2-ranked, dehiscent (or persistent in subgenus Mariscus), glabrous, keel obtuse to mucronate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma (2–)3-branched.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style base not thickened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets trigonous, dorsiventrally compressed, with a flat side pressed against the rachilla, sometimes almost rounded

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial or (more rarely) annual herbs, tufted or with creeping rhizomes or stolons, sometimes producing tubers or bulbs
Morphology Stem
Stems trigonous or (more rarely) subterete or 6-angular, usually leafy only at the base, rarely halfway up, but some species lacking basal leaves altogether; stem-base sometimes swollen and succulent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves tristichous, linear and grass-like, the lower ones often scale-like, covering the base of the stem and the rhizome, rarely all reduced to their sheaths
Morphology General
Stem- and leaf-anatomy of eucyperus-type (in species 1–10) or of chlorocyperus-type (in species 11–86)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, often a subumbel-like open anthela or congested into a dense head (capitate), usually consisting of numerous spikelets set in distinct spikes or in digitate clusters; involucral bracts usually similar to the leaves, the base of each branch (ray) enclosed in a tubular, two-keeled prophyll
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets ± compressed, linear or ovate, 1–50 flowered; axis (rhachilla) often winged by the decurrent base of the glumes, persistent or caducous (then spikelets falling off as a whole)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes distichous, white, grey, green, brown, reddish brown or blackish, often variegated, with 1–5 ± distinct nerves on each side of the midrib; midrib often green and of another colour than the other parts of the glume, sometimes excurrent in a straight or recurved mucro
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology General Indumentum
Hypogynous bristles or scales absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3, 2 or 1; the connective often produced into an apical appendage
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 3- or 2-fid, rarely almost undivided
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet sessile, trigonous or lenticular, usually obovoid or ellipsoid; surface often tuberculate or papillose.
Note
Large genus of about 650 species; it is taken here in a wide sense including Anosporum (species 10), Kyllinga (species 70–81), Mariscus (species 49–51, 53–69), Pycreus (species 83–86), Queenslandiella (species 82) and Sorostachys (species 8–9).

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Stoloniferous floating perennial
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ligulate, the lower leaf sheaths inflated
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence subumbellate, globose heads sessile of with peduncles of variable length; each head with many closely packed spikelets; these subtended by scale-like bracts but lacking prophylls.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes spirally inserted, stiff, margins ciliate, margins thick and acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Floret bisexual.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet lenticular and with a corky base, margin and tip.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Slender annuals
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves eligulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences congested with with few to several rays, rarely bisanthelate [branched to 2 orders, roughly funnel-shaped]. Spikes ovoid to subcylindric, with many spirally arranged spikelet bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 10-flowered with 3 distichous scales, subhyaline (equivalent to 2 basal bracts plus a prophyll), upper one (glume) longer and clasping the flower, rarely utriculiform, rarely adaxial rachilla ± as long as the glume
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–2
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary rarely with a hyaline cupuliform hypogynium with truncate or scarcely lobed mouth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style trifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet roundedtrigonous, shortly beaked.
Note
As circumscribed by Goetghebeur and Vorster this genus, formerly described as monotypic, now includes four species occurring between Congo-Kinshasa and Ethiopia in the north and Namibia and Madagascar in the south.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb with stout rhizomes, giving off tough horizontal stolons
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose, bulbous at the base
Morphology Leaves
Lower leaves reduced to sheaths; ligule 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts several. Leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a pale globose cluster of many spikelets, tightly congested; rachillae above base persistent, upper part together with spikelet deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets lanceolate. Laterally flattened; axis persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes distichous, the lower empty, the apical one enclosing a fertile flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3 with long filaments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers linear, obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style very long, thickened at base, 3-branched Style-base not persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets elongate-ellipsoid, compressed-subtrigonous, somewhat attenuate at base, densely punctulate.
Note
A monotypic genus for a species which has been placed in four separate genera, and which occurs from S Tanzania to Angola. Sphaerocyperus differs from Rhynchospora (in which genus it is placed most often) by having distichously arranged glumes, a 3-branched style and a nutlet without persistent swollen stembase.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annual tufted herb with pungent odour of curry or fenugreek, long persistent in dried specimens.
Morphology Roots
Rooting system shallow.
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves eligulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence anthelate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets falling entire, the broadly winged rachilla with distichous persistent glumes, each subtending a flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets ± oblong in outline, compressed laterally.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs
Morphology Culms
Culm scapose, often thickened at base
Morphology Leaves
Leaves eligulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a compact single head of 1–few spikes of many spirally arranged densely imbricate spikelets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts 1 per spike Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 1flowered, consisting of bract.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glume (this often petal-like and sometimes enveloping the nutlet) sometimes with a small adaxial bristle-like scale, and sometimes a rachilla, and a flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–3(–5)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2–3(–5)-fid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet mostly obovoid and trigonous, dorsiventrally compressed, minutely papillose.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials, rhizomatous or stoloniferous
Morphology Culms
Culms usually scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves basal (except in P mundtii Nees – leaves up the culm), rarely without blade; ligule 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts one to several. Leaf-like, sometimes ± bract-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal or less often pseudolateral, capitate or anthelate, with primary, and sometimes secondary branches terminating in one or more or digitate clusters of spikelets, sometimes the spikelets more spaced out on an elongated axis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets linear to oblong or ellipsoid to ovate. Laterally flattened; axis persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes few to many, 2-ranked, keel obtuse to mucronate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma 2-branched (3 in P nigricans).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style continuous with ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets laterally biconvex, with one margin facing the spikelet axis, sometimes almost rounded.
Note
100 species; pantropical.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, often with rhizomes or stolons
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose to fewnoded, usually triangular
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sometimes reduced to sheaths only; ligule 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a single ovoid or globose spike, or a complex head with smaller lateral spikes at base of main spike; these laterals flower and fruit later than the main one
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets narrowly ovoid, 1–6-flowered, with 2 sterile basal glumes and several larger fertile glumes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Upper flowers sometimes male only.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes in 2 rows, usually ovate and hooded, keel sometimes winged
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–3, usually 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style with 2 branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet oblong or ellipsoid, compressed laterally.
Note
Note: Many of the Kew types have been on loan for several years. Despite polite requests for access I was unable to study these types. This, combined with a shortage of time (caused by FTEA completion deadline) have made this treatment less good than I would have wished, as well as incomplete in parts – including a number of indeterminates. Such indets are usually a source of both key improvements and range extensions, and sometimes even of new records or taxa. This is not how I like to work, and I apologize to the users of the treatment and the key! Note: occasionally the spelling Kyllingia is encountered (as in de Jussieu, Nees and Steudel) but the original and correct spelling is without the ‘i’.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Perennial leafy herbs with erect or horizontal woody rhizomes.
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves eligulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a compact head consisting of several rounded or ovoid spikelets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets may consist of smaller spikelets. Spikelets with few to many spirally arranged scales or glumes, each subtending a sessile flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments flattened.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther not crested
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Pistil with style 2 or 3-branched at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet obovoid, minutely papillose.
Note
This genus is close to Isolepis morphologically, but differs inflorescence and glume structure.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Perennial strand plant with long creeping rhizome bearing ± distant erect culms
Morphology Culms
Culms with many nodes, hidden in leaf sheaths
Morphology Leaves
Leaves crowded, thick; ligule 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence capitate of several congested cymes, subsessile among the leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets with distichous glumes, the basal 3 glumes empty, and a pseudoterminal bisexual flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers distinctly apiculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary gradually drawn out into the style which is 3-branched at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets ellipsoid to linear-oblong, trigonous, smooth, clasped by enlarged corky upper rachilla internode.
Ecology
A monotypic genus, widely distributed throughout the tropics on dunes and sea shores.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annuals with curry-like odour, with slender to minute rootsystem
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves eligulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal, anthelate, with primary and secondary branches, terminating into 1 to several clusters of spikelets (spikes)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets ovoid. Laterally flattened, 1–10-flowered, disarticulating in one piece above the two basal empty glumes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent on rachilla, distichous, boat-shaped with winged midrib, mucronate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma 3branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet trigonous, narrowly oblong to linear-lanceolate, minutely papillose.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials
Morphology Culms
Culm erect, ± cylindrical, scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves basal.
Morphology Leaves Leaf sheaths
Sheath closed, blade flat or inrolled; ligule 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal and head-like, with 1–many spikes Spikes with many spikelet bracts set in a dense spiral, each bract subtending a highly reduced 1-flower spikelet with 2 minute scales, an empty prophyll, and a flower-bearing glume
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2–3-fid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet obovoid or ellipsoid, topped by small remnant of style-base

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Aldabra, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Ascension, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cabinda, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Central European Rus, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Line Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Ireland, Tristan da Cunha, Tuvalu

Cyperus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4500], Cameroon K000050696
May 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9374], Cameroon K000050695
Dec 1, 2000 Zapfack, L. [831], Cameroon K000678152
Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [3577], Cameroon K000678154
Dec 1, 2000 Asongani, J.N. [1314], Cameroon K000678153
May 1, 1998 Pollard, B.J. [295], Cameroon K000678155
Mar 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7322], Cameroon K000212977
Mar 1, 1996 Cable, S. [775], Cameroon K000212979
Mar 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7025], Cameroon K000212978
Mar 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7351], Cameroon K000212976
Bidgood, S. [5053], Tanzania K000190281
Bidgood, S. [5282], Tanzania K000190512
Bidgood, S. [5823], Tanzania K000468602
Bidgood, S. [5783], Tanzania K000468642
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119046
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3313] K001119055
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3316] K001119063
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3318] K001119069
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119078
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3319], Nepal K001119084
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3321], Nepal K001119088
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3322] K001119090
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3322], Nepal K001119092
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3325], India K001119100
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119118
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329], India K001119123
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3330] K001119126
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119141
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119143
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119144
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336], India K001119145
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3337], Bangladesh K001119151
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3339] K001119153
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3340] K001119154
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119167
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3345] K001119174
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3346] K001119175
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119201
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3355], India K001119205
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355], India K001119208
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3355], Myanmar K001119212
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3360], India K001119231
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3364] K001119256
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3366] K001119261
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3368] K001119269
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3377] K001119296
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3377] K001119298
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119184
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3359], Malaysia K001119221
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3309] K001119034
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3353], India K001119198
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119235
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119146
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363], India K001119249
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3319] K001119082
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3344] K001119172
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119209
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3363], Myanmar K001119255
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3362], Myanmar K001119243
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3332] K001119132
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3351], Myanmar K001119190
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119193
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3352] K001119195
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3373], India K001119285
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119292
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3309] K001119035
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3317] K001119064
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119293
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3318], Nepal K001119073
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343], Sri Lanka K001119168
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3331] K001119128
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3366] K001119264
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119032
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3340], India K001119157
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3377], India K001119304
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3318], India K001119074
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3335], Myanmar K001119139
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312] K001119051
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119124
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3372] K001119284
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3342] K001119158
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3359], Malaysia K001119222
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3328], India K001119108
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3315] K001119062
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3315] K001119061
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119111
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 3369], Myanmar K001119274
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3347] K001119177
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119183
Rico, L. [1182], Bolivia K000295024
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343], India K001119169
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3327] K001119105
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3362] K001119244
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3366] K001119262
Harris, T. [59], Mozambique K000545054
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3352], Nepal K001119196
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3313] K001119054
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3365], Nepal K001119259
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3358], India K001119217
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3536], India K001119670
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3334], India K001119137
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3314] K001119058
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119081
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119230
Gerard, P. [Cat. no. 3377], India K001119303
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3325], India K001119097
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3318], India K001119070
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3377], Nepal K001119300
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3536], India K001119671
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329], India K001119114
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3360], Myanmar K001119233
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3313] K001119052
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3359], Myanmar K001119223
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], Nepal K001119039
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119226
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119036
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119185
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3361], India K001119242
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119213
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3377], Nepal K001119299
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3314], India K001119059
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3354] K001119200
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3365] K001119258
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3318] K001119068
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3352], India K001119203
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3359], India K001119224
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119295
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3308] K001119021
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3328], India K001119109
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312] K001119038
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3330] K001119127
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119290
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3318], India K001119072
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3359] K001119218
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3377], Myanmar K001119302
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3329], Myanmar K001119120
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3366], India K001119265
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3323] K001119094
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119162
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3315] K001119060
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3332] K001119131
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3343], India K001119171
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3363], Nepal K001119254
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369] K001119271
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3325], India K001119098
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3308], India K001119022
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3340] K001119155
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119236
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3309] K001119027
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3332] K001119129
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3367], Nepal K001119268
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3325] K001119099
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3334], India K001119138
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119294
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3342], India K001119160
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3322], India K001119093
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3334], Nepal K001119136
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119251
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319] K001119077
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119080
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3337] K001119149
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3324], Myanmar K001119096
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119110
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3359] K001119220
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3327], India K001119106
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119142
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119291
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3327] K001119104
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369], India K001119276
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3369], India K001119272
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119140
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3354], India K001119202
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3377] K001119297
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3320] K001119087
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119115
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3317] K001119065
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3314] K001119057
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3353] K001119199
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3375] K001119288
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329], Bangladesh K001119125
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3337], Bangladesh K001119150
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3373], India K001119286
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3317] K001119066
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3326], India K001119103
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119246
Bidgood, S. [5326], Tanzania K000190556
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3370], Myanmar K001119280
Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 3329], Mauritius K001119121
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3332] K001119130
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3371], Singapore K001119283
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3369], Myanmar K001119275
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119191
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3318], India K001119071
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3337] K001119148
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3355], Nepal K001119210
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3326] K001119102
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119112
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3350], Myanmar K001119181
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119248
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119186
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119238
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119170
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119227
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119163
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119192
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3357], India K001119215
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3322], India K001119091
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3320] K001119085
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3309] K001119028
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3324], Nepal K001119095
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3352] K001119194
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3340] K001119156
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3374] K001119287
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319] K001119076
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3352], Nepal K001119197
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3364] K001119257
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119040
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3359] K001119219
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3342] K001119159
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3360], Nepal K001119232
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119204
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3366], Malaysia K001119266
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119113
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119041
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119166
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], Myanmar K001119047
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119240
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], Nepal K001119033
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3308] K001119025
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329], India K001119122
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363], India K001119250
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3326] K001119101
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3346] K001119176
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3351], India K001119189
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119247
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119042
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3308] K001119024
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3328], India K001119107
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119239
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336], India K001119147
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3366] K001119263
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119241
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319] K001119045
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3313] K001119053
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3317] K001119067
Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 3338], Mauritius K001119152
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3318] K001119075
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3320] K001119086
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3358] K001119216
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3311] K001119030
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312] K001119031
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3363], India K001119252
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3366], Myanmar K001119267
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119237
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369], India K001119277
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3370], Malaysia K001119279
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3342], India K001119161
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119165
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3310] K001119029
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], Myanmar K001119044
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119083 Unknown type material
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3347], India K001119178
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3355], India K001119206
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3535] K001119669
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119119
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119188
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3375] K001119289
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3308] K001119023
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3348], India K001119179
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3349] K001119180
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119117
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3360], Myanmar K001119234
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119079
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119207 Unknown type material
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119228
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369] K001119273
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3371] K001119281
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3322], India K001119089
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3308], Myanmar K001119026
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3314] K001119056
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369] K001119270
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3344] K001119173
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3365] K001119260
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119164
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3334] K001119135
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3377], India K001119301
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119116
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3355], Myanmar K001119211
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119245
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119043
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3351], India K001119187
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312] K001119037
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3334] K001119134
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119229
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3371], Singapore K001119282
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3363], India K001119253
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3333] K001119133
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3356] K001119214
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3429], Malaysia Mariscus K001119361
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3433] Mariscus K001119366
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3436] Mariscus K001119374
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3437], Nepal Mariscus K001119375
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3439], Malaysia Mariscus K001119388
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3439], India Mariscus K001119392
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3438] Mariscus K001119382
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3437] Mariscus K001119379
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3437], Myanmar Mariscus K001119378
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3438], Myanmar Mariscus K001119385
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3437], India Mariscus K001119377
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435] Mariscus K001119368
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3434] Mariscus K001119367
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435], India Mariscus K001119371
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3437] Mariscus K001119380
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3432], India Mariscus K001119365
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3437], India Mariscus K001119376
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3438], Myanmar Mariscus K001119386
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3439], Singapore Mariscus K001119389
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3431] Mariscus K001119363
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3430], Myanmar Mariscus K001119362
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3439] Mariscus K001119391
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3439] Mariscus K001119393
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3438], India Mariscus K001119383
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435], India Mariscus K001119372
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3439], Myanmar Mariscus K001119387
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435], India Mariscus K001119373
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3438], Malaysia Mariscus K001119384
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435] Mariscus K001119370
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3439] Mariscus K001119390
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3432] Mariscus K001119364
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435] Mariscus K001119369
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3437], India Mariscus K001119381
Bidgood, S. [5507], Tanzania Ascolepis K000190737
Bidgood, S. [5219], Tanzania Pycreus K000190447
Bidgood, S. [5225], Tanzania Pycreus K000190453
Bidgood, S. [5033], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190261
Bidgood, S. [5059], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190287
Bidgood, S. [5109], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190337
Bidgood, S. [5177], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190405
Bidgood, S. [5180], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190408
Bidgood, S. [5200], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190428
Bidgood, S. [5300], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190530
Bidgood, S. [5930], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468495
Bidgood, S. [5403], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190633
Bidgood, S. [5899], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468526
Bidgood, S. [5840], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468585
Bidgood, S. [5784], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468641
Bidgood, S. [5624], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468800
Bidgood, S. [5591], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468833
Bidgood, S. [5742], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468682
Bidgood, S. [5198], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190426
Bidgood, S. [5741], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468683
Bidgood, S. [5940], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468485
Bidgood, S. [5284], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190514
Bidgood, S. [5152], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190380
Bidgood, S. [5155], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190383
Bidgood, S. [5684], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468740
Bidgood, S. [5140], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190368
Bidgood, S. [5058], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190286
Bidgood, S. [5195], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190423
Bidgood, S. [5849], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468576
Bidgood, S. [5040], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190268
Bidgood, S. [5199], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190427
Bidgood, S. [5085], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190313
Bidgood, S. [5431], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190661
Bidgood, S. [5751], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468673
Bidgood, S. [5812], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468613
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445] Lipocarpha K001119423
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3445] Lipocarpha K001119426
Bidgood, S. [5853], Tanzania Lipocarpha K000468572
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3444], Myanmar Lipocarpha K001119417
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445] Lipocarpha K001119420
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445], India Lipocarpha K001119422
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445], India Lipocarpha K001119421
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3444] Lipocarpha K001119415
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3444] Lipocarpha K001119418
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3445], India Lipocarpha K001119425
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445], India Lipocarpha K001119419
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3444], Myanmar Lipocarpha K001119416
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3445], Nepal Lipocarpha K001119424

First published in Sp. Pl.: 44 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2008). Flora Iberica 18: 1-420. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • Denton, M. F. (1978). A taxonomic treatment of the Luzulae group of Cyperus. Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 11: 197 - 271.
  • Guarise, N. J. & Vegetti, A. C. (2008). The inflores­cences structure of Cyperus L. section Luzuloidei Kunth (Cyperaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 271: 41 - 63.
  • IUCN Standards and Petitions Subcommittee (2016). Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. In: Version 12. Standards and Petitions Subcommittee, Prepared by the http://www.iucnredlist.org/documents/RedListGuidelines.pdf.
  • Kukenthal, G. (1935 - 36). Cyperaceae-Scirpoideae- Cypereae. In: A. Engler (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich IV. 20 (Heft 101): 1 - 671. W. Engelmann, Leipzig.
  • Larridon, I. , Huygh, W., Reynders, M., Muasya, A. M., Govaerts, R., Simpson, D. A. & Goetghebeur, P. (2011c). Nomenclature and typification of names of genera and subdivisions of genera in Cypereae (Cyperaceae): 2. Names of subdivisions of Cyperus. Taxon 60: 868 - 884.
  • Larridon, I., Reynders, M. , Bauters, K., Vrijdaghs, A., Leroux, O., Muasya, A. M. & Goetghebeur, P. (2011b). Taxonomic changes in C3 Cyperus (Cyperaceae) supported by molecular phylogenetic data, mor­phology, embryography, ontogeny and anatomy. Pl. Ecol. Evol. 144: 327 - 356.
  • Larridon, I., Reynders, M., Huygh, W., Bauters, K., Van de Putte, K., Muasya, A. M., Boeckx, P., Simpson, D. A., Vrijdaghs, A. & Goetghebeur, P. (2011a). Affinities in C3 Cyperus lineages (Cyperaceae) revealed using molecular phylogenetic data and carbon isotope analysis. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 167: 19 - 46.
  • Pimentel, M. M. (2016). The tectonic evolution ofthe Neoproterozoic Brasilia Belt, central Brazil: a geochronological and isotopic approach. Brazil. J. Geol. 46 (Suppl. 1): 67 - 82. doi:10.1590/2317-4889201620150004
  • Tucker, G. C  (2013). Two new Neotropical species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae). Kew Bull. 68: 850 - 855.
  • Tucker, G. C , Carter, J. R. & Marcks, B. G. (2002). Cyperus (Cyperaceae — Sedge Family). In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds), Flora of North America 23: 141 - 190. Oxford University Press, New York & Oxford.
  • Tucker, G. C (2001). Cyperus (Cyperaceae). In: W. D. Stevens, C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool, O. M. Montiel, A. L. Arbelaez & D. M. Cutaia (eds), Flora de Nicaragua (Tomo I), Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: 740 - 757.
  • Tucker, G. C (2007). Systematics of Cyperus L. section Diffusi Kunth(Cyperaceae)intheNeotropics.In:L.M. Barbosa, N. A. Dos Santos & Jr. (eds), A Botanica no Brasil: pesquisa, ensino e politicas publicas ambientes, pp. 311 - 314. Sociedade Botanica do Brasil, Sao Paulo.
  • Tucker, G. C. (1994). Revision of the Mexican Species of Cyperus L. (Cyperaceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 43: 1 - 213.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 8: 310–377 (1901)
  • Kükenthal in Engl., Pflanzenr., Cyperaceae-Scirpoideae-Cypereae 41–315 (1935–36).
  • Sp. Pl. 44 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by K. A. Lye [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Sp. Pl.: 44 (1753)

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/