Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical Old World.
Centaurea cyanus

[FZ]

Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Perennial or annual herbs (shrubs), hirsute-scabridulous or tomentose-araneose, often with sessile glands, rarely glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate (or radical), entire, dentate or sometimes pinnatilobed (spiny), bases sometimes decurrent on the stem.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula solitary (or paniculate), heterogamous, radiant.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre ovoid-subglobose, hemispheric or nearly cylindric, araneose or glabrous; phyllaries many-seriate, imbricate, coriaceous, with a ± patent pectinate or spinose appendage.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle densely setose, the setae smooth and twisted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets tubular, the outer series neuter sometimes with staminodes, the inner florets hermaphrodite; corollas whitish, purple, pink, blue or yellow, slender tubular below, dilated and deeply 5(8)-lobed above; anther bases sagittate, adjacent lobes connate into a short or long tail; style 2-branched, abruptly swollen below the branches with a ring of hairs at or below the swelling; the branches erect, long somewhat flat and ± connate, diverging only near the tips.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes oblong or obovoid, ± laterally compressed, apex rounded to truncate, glabrous when ripe, attachment-scar lateral-oblique, ± concave.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Pappus many-seriate of unequal barbellate (or plumose) scale-like setae, persistent (caducous or absent).

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or subshrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, usually dissected
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula solitary or corymbose, heterogamous and disciform or radiant, or homogamous; phyllaries multiseriate, with fimbriate appendages; receptacle densely setose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets with linear, sagittate anthers, with distal lanceolate appendage; style shortly bifid, abruptly swollen below the branches and with a ring of hairs at or below the swelling
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes somewhat compressed; pappus generally double.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Niger, Nigeria, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Amur, Arizona, Arkansas, Bolivia, Brazil South, British Columbia, Buryatiya, California, Cape Provinces, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Falkland Is., Florida, Free State, Føroyar, Georgia, Greenland, Guatemala, Hawaii, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yukon

Centaurea L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Day, C.D. [899], Turkey K000341625
Rico, L. [1947], Morocco K000564871

First published in Sp. Pl.: 909 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Nagaresh, K. & Rahiminejad, M.R. (2018). A revision of Centaurea sect. Cynaroides (Asteraceae, Cardueae-Centaureinae) Phytotaxa 363: 1-131.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Philipson in J. Bot. 77: 227 (1939).
  • —F.T.A. 3: 436

Flora Zambesiaca

  • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bull.22: 134 (1968).
  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 389 (1754).
  • Philipson in Journ. Bot. 77: 227–233 (1939).
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 909 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 151 (1994)
  • Philipson in J.B. 77: 228 (1939)
  • Sp. Pl.: 909 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0