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  1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Solanum L.
      1. Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical America. It is used for food.

    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Habit
    Herb, subshrub or shrub.
    Conservation
    Least concern.
    Ecology
    Alt. 270 - 2900 m.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    [FTEA]

    Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

    Note
    A specimen from Kenya, Mombasa, Ostrich Farm, Ngutatu Baobab Sanctuary; 26 Aug. 2002, Luke & Luke 9041! has been tentatively identified by MSV as this taxon.
    Habit
    It is a heavily armed herb or small shrub to 1.5 m tall
    Leaves
    Leaves deeply pinnatifid to shallowly bipinnatifid, twice as long as wide, 5–15 × 2–7 cm
    Flowers
    Flowers purple or white, in leaf-opposed or lateral inflorescences; corolla 2–3 cm in diameter
    Fruits
    Fruit a (depressed-)globose bright red berry 12–16 mm across; fruiting calyx tightly investing the berry until ripe, then strongly reflexed, the lobes 15 × 5 mm.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 270 - 2900 m.; Andes, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba, subarbusto, arbusto
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [UPB]
    Gene Sources
    Crop wild relatives which may possess beneficial traits of value in breeding programmes (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Food
    Food (Romero Castañeda 1961).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile Central, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Arizona, Assam, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belgium, Benin, California, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, East Himalaya, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Germany, India, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Masachusettes, Mississippi, Morocco, Nepal, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, North Carolina, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Queensland, South Carolina, Swaziland, Taiwan, Texas, Transcaucasus, Uzbekistan, Virginia, Western Australia

    Synonyms

    Common Names

    Spanish
    Guinda.

    Other Data

    Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2007 Wood, J.R.I. [17872], Bolivia K000196499
    Jan 1, 1996 Ribas, O.S. [1166], Brazil K001058682
    Aug 1, 1994 Joly, A.B. [s.n.], Brazil K001058691
    Jan 1, 1990 Heringer, E.P. [2944], Brazil K001058703
    Jan 1, 1990 Claussen, P. [s.n.], Brazil K001058689
    Jan 1, 1990 Dusén, P. [17162], Brazil K001058707
    Jan 1, 1990 [Burchell] [s.n.], Brazil K001058725
    Jan 1, 1990 Nicolas, F., Mexico K000063964
    Jan 1, 1990 Ferreira, A.R. [613] K001058731
    Jan 1, 1990 Regnell, A.F. [III985], Brazil K001058690
    Jan 1, 1990 Martius [1249], Brazil K001058692
    Jan 1, 1986 Thomas, W.W. [4609], Brazil K001058685
    Jan 1, 1983 Trail, J.W.H. [590], Brazil K001058732
    Jan 1, 1982 Harley, R.M. [21567], Brazil K001058713
    Jul 12, 1976 Ule, E. [5198], Brazil K001058716
    Jan 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S. [10711], Brazil K001058705
    Jan 1, 1972 Prance, G.T. [2894], Brazil K001058696
    Jan 1, 1970 Lindeman, J.C. [2533], Brazil K001058711
    Jan 1, 1968 Irwin, H.S. [20396], Brazil K001058733
    Jan 1, 1967 Irwin, H.S. [10996], Brazil K001058697
    Jan 1, 1967 Irwin, H.S. [9144], Brazil K001058700
    Jan 1, 1967 Irwin, H.S. [12688], Brazil K001058701
    Jan 1, 1967 Irwin, H.S. [9039], Brazil K001058704
    Oct 11, 1965 Irwin, H.S. [9144], Brazil K001058698
    Jan 1, 1965 Klein, R.M. [4411], Brazil K001058719
    Jan 1, 1964 Reitz, R. [6440], Brazil K001058718
    Jul 3, 1905 Long, F.R. [s.n.], South Africa K000658786
    Jul 3, 1905 Long, F.R. [s.n.], South Africa K000658787
    Jul 3, 1905 Codd, L.E. [2548], South Africa K000658780
    Jul 3, 1905 Galpin, E.E. [12986], South Africa K000658784
    Jul 3, 1905 Strey, R.G. [4537], South Africa K000658790
    Jul 3, 1905 Liebenberg, L.C.C. [8394], South Africa K000658776
    Jul 3, 1905 Liebenberg, L.C.C. [3446], South Africa K000658782
    Jul 3, 1905 Young, R.G.N. [s.n.], South Africa K000658778
    Jul 3, 1905 Balsinhas, A. [3445], South Africa K000658774
    Jul 3, 1905 Louw, W.J. [1618], South Africa K000658775
    Jul 3, 1905 Braun, K.P. [1824], Swaziland K000658773
    Jul 3, 1905 Letty, C. [318], South Africa K000658781
    Jul 3, 1905 Acocks, J.P.H. [15926], South Africa K000658783
    Jul 3, 1905 Arnold, M.N.M. [s.n.], South Africa K000658791
    Jul 3, 1905 Potato Inspector [s.n.], South Africa K000658777
    Jul 3, 1905 Sanders, O.E. [s.n.], South Africa K000658779
    Jul 3, 1905 Bullock, W. [3], South Africa K000658785
    Jul 3, 1905 Marriott, W.A. [s.n.], South Africa K000658789
    Brazil 16660.000
    Harley, R.M. [21567], Brazil K001058712
    Philcox, D. [3976], Brazil K001058699
    Trail, J.W.H. [578], Brazil K001058684
    Webster, M.M. [2076], United Kingdom K001151635
    Balls, E.K. [B5910], Argentina K001167903
    Cambridge [H1554], Mexico K001151627
    Taylor, P.G. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151636
    Symon, D.E. [36722], Australia K001154175
    Mathews [3250], Peru K001165814
    Reitz [13605], Brazil K001058717
    Krapovickas, A. [2574], Argentina K001167892
    Hassler, E. [813], Paraguay K001058693
    Bang, M. [614], Bolivia K001165820
    Bang, M. [614], Bolivia K001165821
    Spruce, R. [4144], Peru K000201802
    Spruce, R. [4144], Peru K000201803
    Spruce, R. [4144], Peru K000201804
    Lepschi, B.J. [2554], Australia K001154169
    Brazil K000590193 Unknown type material
    Arbo, M.M. [2628], Paraguay K001162115
    King, R.M. [9161], Peru K001165806
    Heringer, E.P. [2944], Brazil K001162111
    Eiten, G. [9432], Brazil K001058702
    Preston, T.A. [2], Brazil K001162116
    Nee, M. [16097-a], USA K001169997
    Nee, M. [16097-b], USA K001169999
    Nee, M. [31712], Bolivia K001165828
    Sota, A.V. de la [17], Argentina K001167901
    Eyerdam, W.J. [22254], Argentina K001167848
    Eyerdam, W.J. [23364], Argentina K001167849
    Eyerdam, W.J. [22520], Argentina K001167850
    Eyerdam, W.J. [24881], Bolivia K001165826
    Smith, L.B. [10658], Brazil K001058720
    Claussen, P. [s.n.], Brazil K001058687
    Sellow, F. [s.n.], Brazil K001058737
    Stork, H.E. [10469], Peru K001165813
    illegible [s.n.], Argentina K001058728
    Poppig [s.n.], Peru K001165815
    Miers, J. [3945], Brazil K001058714
    Miers, J. [1416], Argentina K001167756
    Bourne [s.n.], India K001153197
    Bourne [6009], India K001153198
    Sauliere, A. [4], India K001153199
    Sauliere, A. [197], India K001153200
    Rusby, H.H. [65], Bolivia K001165829
    Clark, C.B. [44085A] K001153194
    Graham [s.n.], Brazil K001058726
    Cuatrecasas, J. [26852], Colombia K001165803
    Fox [7], Argentina K001167843
    MacGillivray, J. [276], Brazil K001058742
    Gamble, J.S. [11509], India K001153196
    Gamble, J.S. [11922], India K001153201
    Gamble, J.S. [15734], India K001153202
    Curtiss, A.H. [5686], USA K001159839
    Curtiss, A.H. [2201], USA K001159840
    Venturi, S. [5450], Argentina K001167904
    Bertoni [1189], Argentina K001167896
    Lorentz, P.G. [s.n.], Uruguay K001167851
    Lorentz, P.G. [1072], Uruguay K001167852
    Langlassé, E. [90] K001165811
    Hutchinson, P.C. [3867], Peru K001165817
    Everist, S.L. [7772], Australia K001154173
    Everist, S.L. [7772], Australia K001154174
    Plowman, T.C. [2725], Argentina K001167906
    Reineck [86], Brazil K001058694
    Araque Molina, J. [19Ar512], Argentina K001167895
    Herter, G. [51], Uruguay K001167854
    Herter, G. [51], Uruguay K001167855
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 10], Great Britain K000914302
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 10], Great Britain K000914303
    Jewise [s.n.] K001165810
    Graham, G.J. [s.n.], Australia K001154172
    Schwarz, G.J. [1142], Argentina K001167840
    Schwarz, G.J. [1481], Argentina K001167893
    Schwarz, G.J. [A373], Argentina K001167898
    Schwarz, G.J. [3749], Argentina K001167900
    Buysman, M. [s.n.], Mexico K001151621
    Paula-Souza, J. [8078], Argentina K001167749
    Renvoize, S.A. [325], Argentina K001167842
    Hamilton, W.D. [s.n.], Brazil K001058683
    Clarke, C.B. [38418] K001153192
    Balansa, B. [2113], Paraguay K001162117
    Jameson [44] K001058740
    Mexia, Y. [4375], Brazil K001058686
    Steinbach, J. [9713], Bolivia K001165823
    Steinbach, J. [8636], Bolivia K001165824
    Steinbach, J. [8751], Bolivia K001165825
    Alvarez, A. [418], Argentina K001167907
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [15301], Brazil K001058738
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [5965], Brazil K001058739
    Williams, R.S. [706], Bolivia K001165822
    Briggs, B.C. [4480], Australia K001170005
    Rahman, M.A. [85-46], Bangladesh K001153208
    Williams, D.E. [666], Bolivia K001165819
    s.coll [s.n.], India K001153193
    s.coll [s.n.] K001155349
    s.coll [68], Argentina K001167839
    s.coll [s.n.] K001167845
    s.coll [131], Argentina K001167846
    s.coll [4], Argentina K001167847
    s.coll [s.n.], Argentina K001167857
    s.coll [6112], Argentina K001167858
    s.coll [588], Argentina K001167894
    s.coll [5158], South Africa K001169996
    s.coll [1549] K001169998
    s.coll [42911], United Kingdom K001170001
    s.coll [2568], United Kingdom K001170002
    s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001170003
    s.coll [296] K000063965
    s.coll [1] K001151620
    s.coll [H2258] K001151626
    s.coll [s.n.] K001151631
    s.coll [s.n.] K001160722
    s.coll [s.n.] K001160723
    s.coll [24] K001161211
    s.coll [1] K001165804
    s.coll [69], Bolivia K001165827
    Kerr, G. [B15] K001167856
    Sucre, B.D. [8114], Brazil K001162113
    Sandeman, C.A.W. [4881], Argentina K001167902
    Sandeman, C.A.W. [4876], Paraguay K001162120
    Sandeman, C.A.W. [3425], Peru K001165812
    Thomas, S.M. [40901], Colombia K001165805
    Hatschbach, G.G. [13225], Brazil K001058708
    Gardner [838], Brazil K001058721
    Gardner [5043], Brazil K001058724
    Gardner [552], Brazil K001058730
    Fettweis, F. [s.n.], Germany K001151622
    Antuña, C. [37], Brazil K001058706
    Pierotti, S.A. [4258], Argentina K001167841
    Schreiter, R. [12409], Argentina K001167838
    Hassler, É. [12234], Paraguay K001162118
    Hassler, É. [692], Paraguay K001162119
    Krishnappa, D.G. [156], India K001153205
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001058734
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001058735
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001058736
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001058715
    Burchell [3517], Brazil K001058722
    Burchell [1253], Brazil K001058723
    Burchell [1253], Brazil K001058688
    Burchell [4215], Brazil K001058741
    Tweedie [431], Argentina K001058709
    Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001058710
    Hugh, H. [s.n.], Peru K001165816
    Herb Morrison, A. [13174], Australia K001154170
    Herb Andrews, C.R.P. [660], Australia K001154171
    Scanler [s.n.], Brazil K001058727
    Vaughan, D.T.G. [50], Brazil K001058729
    Teodoro, L.F.S.C. [s.n.], Brazil K001058695
    Herb Gay, J. [s.n.] K001170000
    Banirjee, R.N. [18636], India K001153195
    Sauliere [197], India K001153203
    Raizada, M. [2052], India K001153204
    Saratbabu, S.G.V. [109] K001153206
    Kamrul Huda, M. [1140], Bangladesh K001153207
    Rahman, H. [215], Pakistan K001153209
    Herb Felippone, F. [4618], Uruguay K001167853
    Huidobro, A.M.R. [s.n.], Argentina K001167837
    Penelas, S. [60], Argentina K001167835
    Crovetto, m. [4995], Argentina K001167836
    Arsene Isabelle, M. [s.n.], Uruguay K001167844
    Morel, I. [527], Argentina K001167897
    Morel, I. [3412], Argentina K001167899
    Morel, I. [4333], Argentina K001167905
    Wishranathan, M. [s.n.], India K001170004
    Herb. Lehmann [6695], Colombia K001165809
    André, É.-.F. [1316] K001165808
    Holland, F.H. [23471], South Africa K000658788
    Sellens, R. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151624
    Ball, H.S. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151625
    Gudd, P. [2], United Kingdom K001151628
    Gudd, P. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151629
    Gudd, P. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151630
    Stevenson, W.M. [s.n.] K001151632
    Mead, M.T. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151633
    Ivimey-Cook, R.B. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151634
    Stutz de Ortega, L.C. [1327], Paraguay K001162114
    Damineli, E.C. [s.n.], Brazil K001162112
    Lewis, M.A. [37248], Bolivia K001165818
    Holston, I.F. [556] K001165807

    Bibliography

    First published in Tabl. Encycl. 2: 25 (1794)

    Accepted by

    • Ma, D.D. & al. (2019). New plant records from Ningo, Zhejiang province Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College 39: 67-70.
    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • Crop wild relative Inventory https://www.cwrdiversity.org/checklist/ in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    • Romero Castañeda, R. (1961). Plantas útiles de Colombia. Volumen I. San Juan Eudes, Bogotá.

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • (2019). http://www.abcjournal.org/index.php/BothaliaABC/article/view/39/33 epublication.
    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Tabl. Encycl. 2: 25 (1794)

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/