1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Liparis Rich.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Epiphytic, lithophytic or terrestrial herb; stems usually ± swollen at the base to form pseudobulbs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1 to several, broad, plicate, thin-textured and unjointed, or narrow, rigid and articulated at the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal or subumbellate, usually erect, racemose, few- to many-flowered.
    Flowers
    Flowers usually yellow, yellow-green or purplish.
    Tepal
    Tepals spreading or reflexed, petals often linear.
    Labellum
    Lip simple, usually much larger than the sepals and petals, 2-lobed or 3-lobed, with entire, dentate or crenate margins, usually with 2 calli at the base.
    Column
    Column fairly long, arched, terete or somewhat winged, with or without a column-foot; pollinia 4, in 2 pairs.
    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Terrestrial and epiphytic herbs; stems usually ± swollen at the base to form pseudobulbs
    Leaves
    Leaves basal or sometimes cauline, either broad, plicate, thin in texture and unjointed at the base, or else small, narrow, firm-textured and jointed at the base
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences few–many-flowered, terminal, mostly erect; rhachis terete or sometimes flattened or angular
    Flowers
    Flowers rather small, usually yellowish green or purplish
    Tepal
    Tepals spreading or reflexed, narrow, mostly with entire margins; petals often linear
    Labellum
    Lip usually more fleshy than the tepals, simple or bilobed, with entire, dentate or crenulate margins, often bent in the middle, with 2 simple calli at the base
    Column
    Column relatively elongated, usually curved over, terete or slightly winged, with or without a small foot; pollinia 4, pyriform, in 2 pairs.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Florida, France, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Marquesas, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Saskatchewan, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Ukraine, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Extinct in:

    Bulgaria

    Liparis Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 17, 2018 Cable, S. [349], Cameroon 61626.000
    Jul 17, 2018 Cable, S. [2755], Cameroon 61682.000
    Jun 1, 2011 Marr, J.R. [WAPM.83], India 32871.000
    Feb 1, 2011 Julia, S. et al. [S 98096], Sarawak K000718150
    Sep 1, 2010 Du, N.V. et al. [HNK 3231], Vietnam K000396214
    Sep 1, 2010 Du, N.V. et al. [HNK 3346], Vietnam K000396220
    Jan 1, 2008 Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. et al. [6330], Suriname K000718146
    Sep 1, 2002 Johns, R.J. [10679], New Guinea 62522.000
    Aug 1, 2002 Johns, R.J. [9056E], New Guinea 64268.000
    Mar 1, 2002 Ghogue, J.-P. [48], Cameroon K000027295
    Mar 1, 2001 Pollard, B.J. [187], Cameroon K000106900
    Guyana 20583.000
    20585.000
    20590.000
    21036.000
    Nigeria 30217.000
    Zambia 33897.000
    Papua New Guinea 40144.000
    Malaysia 555.000
    India 6087.000
    Madagascar 61431.000
    Madagascar 63490.000
    Williamson, G. [669], Zambia 1800.043
    Williamson, G. [217], Zambia 1800.044
    Williamson, G. [837], Zambia 1800.065
    Williamson, G. [774], Zambia 33119.000
    Williamson, G. [240], Zambia 33130.000
    Williamson, G. [719], Zambia 33140.000
    Williamson, G. [250], Zambia 33184.000
    Williamson, G. [762], Zambia 34000.000
    Williamson, G. [86], Zambia 6049.421
    Mason, L.M. [2662], New Guinea 32938.000
    Collenette, S. [2258], Malaysia 42396.000
    Collenette, S. [2260], Malaysia 42402.000
    Giles, C. [788], Malaysia 35830.000
    Cribb, P.J. [S 175], Papua New Guinea 44069.000
    Cribb, P.J. [S 151], Papua New Guinea 44072.000
    Comber, J.B. [1738], Indonesia 52851.000
    Comber, J.B. [1743], Indonesia 52865.000
    Cheang Kok-Choy, Malaysia 28537.000
    Lamb, A., Malaysia 49330.000
    Reilly, J. [170], Malaysia 40873.000
    Du Puy, B. [MB154], Madagascar 56130.000
    Boyce, P.C. [308], Brunei 56262.000
    Williamson, G. [683], Zambia 34095.000
    Meyer, H. [11], Uganda 74884.000
    Du Puy, D.J. [M883], Madagascar 72269.000
    Du Puy, D.J. [M869], Madagascar 72333.000
    Dickson, M. [MD185], Indonesia 58961.000
    Cable, S. [418], Cameroon 63765.000
    Mursidawati, S. [564], Borneo 61365.000
    Pereira, B.A.S. [1505], Brazil K000847498
    Chase, M.W.C. [84543] 75602.000
    Chase, M.W.C. [84722], Venezuela 75659.000
    Chase, M.W.C. [83434], Philippines 75815.000
    Antilahimena, P. et al. [4604], Madagascar K000970028

    First published in De Orchid. Eur.: 30 (1817)

    Accepted by

    • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2006). Epidendroideae (Part One) Genera Orchidacearum 4: 1-672. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 7: 19. Nom. cons.
    • in Mém. Mus. Paris 4: 43, 52 (1818)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 4: 43, 52, 60 (1818), nom. conserv.
    • in Orch. Eur. Annot.: 21, 30, 38 (1817)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Mém. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 43, 52, 60 (1818), nom. conserv.
    • in Orch. Eur. Annot.: 21, 30, 38 (1817)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0