Skip to main content

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.


Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Epiphytic, lithophytic or terrestrial herb; stems usually ± swollen at the base to form pseudobulbs.
Leaves 1 to several, broad, plicate, thin-textured and unjointed, or narrow, rigid and articulated at the base.
Inflorescence terminal or subumbellate, usually erect, racemose, few- to many-flowered.
Flowers usually yellow, yellow-green or purplish.
Tepals spreading or reflexed, petals often linear.
Lip simple, usually much larger than the sepals and petals, 2-lobed or 3-lobed, with entire, dentate or crenate margins, usually with 2 calli at the base.
Column fairly long, arched, terete or somewhat winged, with or without a column-foot; pollinia 4, in 2 pairs.


Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Terrestrial and epiphytic herbs; stems usually ± swollen at the base to form pseudobulbs
Leaves basal or sometimes cauline, either broad, plicate, thin in texture and unjointed at the base, or else small, narrow, firm-textured and jointed at the base
Inflorescences few–many-flowered, terminal, mostly erect; rhachis terete or sometimes flattened or angular
Flowers rather small, usually yellowish green or purplish
Tepals spreading or reflexed, narrow, mostly with entire margins; petals often linear
Lip usually more fleshy than the tepals, simple or bilobed, with entire, dentate or crenulate margins, often bent in the middle, with 2 simple calli at the base
Column relatively elongated, usually curved over, terete or slightly winged, with or without a small foot; pollinia 4, pyriform, in 2 pairs.

Native to:

Alabama, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Florida, France, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Marquesas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Saskatchewan, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Ukraine, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Extinct in:


Liparis Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 17, 2018 Cable, S. [349], Cameroon 61626.000
Jul 17, 2018 Cable, S. [2755], Cameroon 61682.000
Jun 1, 2011 Marr, J.R. [WAPM.83], India 32871.000
Feb 1, 2011 Julia, S. et al. [S 98096], Sarawak K000718150
Sep 1, 2010 Du, N.V. et al. [HNK 3231], Vietnam K000396214
Sep 1, 2010 Du, N.V. et al. [HNK 3346], Vietnam K000396220
Jan 1, 2008 Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. et al. [6330], Suriname K000718146
Sep 1, 2002 Johns, R.J. [10679], New Guinea 62522.000
Aug 1, 2002 Johns, R.J. [9056E], New Guinea 64268.000
Mar 1, 2002 Ghogue, J.-P. [48], Cameroon K000027295
Mar 1, 2001 Pollard, B.J. [187], Cameroon K000106900
Guyana 20583.000
Nigeria 30217.000
Zambia 33897.000
Papua New Guinea 40144.000
Malaysia 555.000
India 6087.000
Madagascar 61431.000
Madagascar 63490.000
Williamson, G. [669], Zambia 1800.043
Williamson, G. [217], Zambia 1800.044
Williamson, G. [837], Zambia 1800.065
Williamson, G. [774], Zambia 33119.000
Williamson, G. [240], Zambia 33130.000
Williamson, G. [719], Zambia 33140.000
Williamson, G. [250], Zambia 33184.000
Williamson, G. [762], Zambia 34000.000
Williamson, G. [86], Zambia 6049.421
Mason, L.M. [2662], New Guinea 32938.000
Collenette, S. [2258], Malaysia 42396.000
Collenette, S. [2260], Malaysia 42402.000
Giles, C. [788], Malaysia 35830.000
Cribb, P.J. [S 175], Papua New Guinea 44069.000
Cribb, P.J. [S 151], Papua New Guinea 44072.000
Comber, J.B. [1738], Indonesia 52851.000
Comber, J.B. [1743], Indonesia 52865.000
Cheang Kok-Choy, Malaysia 28537.000
Lamb, A., Malaysia 49330.000
Reilly, J. [170], Malaysia 40873.000
Du Puy, B. [MB154], Madagascar 56130.000
Boyce, P.C. [308], Brunei 56262.000
Williamson, G. [683], Zambia 34095.000
Meyer, H. [11], Uganda 74884.000
Du Puy, D.J. [M883], Madagascar 72269.000
Du Puy, D.J. [M869], Madagascar 72333.000
Dickson, M. [MD185], Indonesia 58961.000
Cable, S. [418], Cameroon 63765.000
Mursidawati, S. [564], Borneo 61365.000
Pereira, B.A.S. [1505], Brazil K000847498
Chase, M.W.C. [84543] 75602.000
Chase, M.W.C. [84722], Venezuela 75659.000
Chase, M.W.C. [83434], Philippines 75815.000
Antilahimena, P. et al. [4604], Madagascar K000970028

First published in De Orchid. Eur.: 30 (1817)

Accepted by

  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2006). Epidendroideae (Part One) Genera Orchidacearum 4: 1-672. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 19. Nom. cons.
  • in Mém. Mus. Paris 4: 43, 52 (1818)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 4: 43, 52, 60 (1818), nom. conserv.
  • in Orch. Eur. Annot.: 21, 30, 38 (1817)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • in Mém. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 43, 52, 60 (1818), nom. conserv.
  • in Orch. Eur. Annot.: 21, 30, 38 (1817)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.