1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Tulbaghia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon, SW. Tanzania to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Alliaceae by S. Kativu

    Habit
    Perennial geophytic herbs with an alliaceous smell.
    Roots
    Rootstock a corm or rhizome.
    Leaves
    Leaves filiform or narrowly linear, in 2 rows.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle solitary, erect.
    Involucre
    Involucral bracts 2, ovate acuminate to narrowly lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 3–40-flowered.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments united into a tube for about half the length, bearing 3 or more free scales or a fleshy tubular corona.
    Anthers
    Anthers sessile in 2 whorls.
    Ovary
    Ovary superior; style short; stigma capitate.
    Fruits
    Capsule dehiscing loculicidally, surrounded by a persistent perianth; seeds black, trigonal.
    [FTEA]

    Alliaceae, Sarah Smith & Jonathan Stansbie. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2003

    Habit
    Perennial herbs smelling strongly of onions, with a ± swollen and irregularly shaped rhizome (rarely a corm or bulb) surrounded by dry sheathing leaf-bases
    Leaves
    Leaves 4–8, strap-shaped filiform, distichous, base forming a very short closed sheath
    Scape
    Scape solitary (–2), erect
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence umbellate, subtended by 2 spathaceous bracts; pedicels subtended by smaller membranous bracts
    Flowers
    Flowers 3–40, opening in succession, with the outer opening first
    Perianth
    Perianth segments united into a tube for about half their length; tube with a corona of 3 or more free fleshy scales or a fleshy tube (in all East African species)
    Anthers
    Anthers sessile in 2 whorls, 1 whorl usually inserted on the corona
    Pistil
    Style short; stigma capitate
    Fruits
    Fruit surrounded by remains of perianth
    Seeds
    Seeds black, flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Mexico Central

    Tulbaghia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Mant. Pl.: 148 (1771)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • ―Burbidge in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 36: 77–103 (1978).
    • ―Vosa in Ann. Bot. (Roma) 34: 47–121 (1975).
    • Mant. Pl. Alt.: 148 (1771), nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • R.B. Burb. in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edin. 36: 77–103 (1978)
    • Neck, Elem. 3: 188 (1790)
    • Mant. Alt. 2: 148 (1771) (as Tulbagia)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0