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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or woody climbers; indumentum of simple hairs and/or peltate scales
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually opposite or whorled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual, 4–5-merous, in spikes or panicles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Upper receptacle varying from almost flat to funnel-shaped, sometimes constricted below
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals longer or shorter than calyx-lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc often present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 4–5-winged or -angled.
Distribution
Genus of about 280 species, throughout the tropics and also extending into the subtropics.

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs, shrublets or woody climbers, very rarely subherbaceous; scales or microscopic (and sometimes macroscopic) stalked glands present
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, verticillate or rarely alternate, usually petiolate, almost always entire; petiole sometimes persisting (especially in climbers), forming a ± hooked spine
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite (in Flora area), regular or slightly zygomorphic (not in Flora area), 4–5-merous, in elongated or subcapitate axillary or extra-axillary spikes or racemes or in terminal or terminal and axillary, often leafy, panicles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle usually clearly divided into a lower part (lower receptacle) surrounding and adnate to the ovary, and an upper part (upper receptacle) varying from patelliform to infundibuliform and itself sometimes visibly differentiated into a lower part containing the disk (when present) and an often more expanded upper part
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4 or 5 (rarely more), deltate to ± subulate or filiform, sometimes scarcely developed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals usually 4 or 5 in Flora area (rarely absent in aberrant specimens), small and inconspicuous or showy and exceeding the sepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens twice as many as the petals, inserted in 1 or 2 series inside the upper receptacle and usually exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk glabrous or hairy, with or without a free margin, sometimes inconspicuous or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style free (in E. African species); stigma sometimes ± expanded; ovary completely inferior
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 4–5-winged, -ridged or -angled, sessile or stipitate, indehiscent or rarely tardily dehiscent; pericarp usuallythin and papery, sometimes leathery, more rarely fleshy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Cotyledons various.

[FZ]

Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs, shrublets or woody climbers, very rarely subherbaceous. Plants lepidote or with microscopic (and sometimes macroscopic) stalked glands.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, verticillate or rarely alternate, usually petiolate (rarely subsessile), almost always entire; petiole sometimes persisting (especially in climbers) forming a ± hooked spine.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers always hermaphrodite (in our area), actinomorphic or slightly zygomorphic (not in our area), 4–5-merous, in elongated or subcapitate axillary or extra-axillary spikes or racemes or in terminal or terminal and axillary often leafy panicles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle usually clearly divided into a lower part (lower receptacle) surrounding and adnate to the ovary and an upper part (upper receptacle) varying from patelliform to infundibuliform and itself sometimes visibly differentiated into a lower part containing the disk (when present) and an often more expanded upper part.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (calyx-lobes) 4–5 (rarely more), deltate to ± subulate or filiform, sometimes scarcely developed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals usually 4–5 (rarely absent, in aberrant specimens and up to 7 in occasional flowers), small and inconspicuous to showy and exceeding the sepals, of various colours.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens twice as many as the petals inserted in 1 or more usually 2 series inside the upper receptacle and usually exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk glabrous or hairy, with or without a free margin, sometimes inconspicuous or absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style free (in our species); stigma sometimes ± expanded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary completely inferior.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 4–5-winged, -ridged or -angled, sessile or stipitate, indehiscent or rarely tardily dehiscent; pericarp usually thin and papery, sometimes leathery, more rarely fleshy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Cotyledons various.

[FTEA]

Combretaceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Woody climbers; stalked glands present, peltate scales absent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite, entire, glabrous or hairy; bases of the petioles persisting as spines after leaf-fall
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, regular or slightly zygomorphic, 5-merous, in elongated, usually unbranched, terminal or axillary bracteate spikes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle hairy or nearly glabrous; upper receptacle infundibuli-form, elongate-infundibuliform or trumpet-shaped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals triangular, sometimes with filiform tips
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 2–20 mm. long, exceeding the sepals and enlarging during anthesis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, biseriate, inserted near the mouth of the upper receptacle and not exserted beyond the petals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk narrowly tubular or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style adnate for part of its length to the inner wall of the upper receptacle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 5-winged, dehiscent or indehiscent.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Hawaii, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Venezuelan Antilles

Combretum Loefl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 2006 Cheek, M. [11917], Cameroon K000460263
May 1, 2006 Cheek, M. [11698], Cameroon K000460264
Etuge, M. [1512], Cameroon 63800.000
Hatschbach, G.G. [37687], Brazil K001108961
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132349
Tanzania Kleinia 16256.000
Ash [1172 35498], Ethiopia Kleinia 35497.000
Ash [1172 35498], Ethiopia Kleinia 35498.000
Ash [1623], Ethiopia Kleinia 35828.000
Bally, P.R.O. [4671], Kenya Kleinia 12303.000
Bally, P.R.O. [4671], Kenya Kleinia 14508.000
Bally, P.R.O. [B.4671], Kenya Kleinia 16252.000
Bally, P.R.O. [14551], Kenya Kleinia 33465.000
Bally, P.R.O. [B6210], Kenya Kleinia 4759.000
Bullock, A.A. [1080], Tanzania Kleinia 16257.000
Brummitt, R.K. [10013], Malawi Kleinia 53754.000
Collenette, J.S. [8931], Oman Kleinia 57996.000

First published in Iter Hispan.: 308 (1758)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 2: 419

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Iter Hisp.: 308 (1758) nom. conserv.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Iter Hispan.: 308 (1758), nom. conserv. For full synonymy see Exell in J.B. 69: 116 (1931)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/