1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Cuviera DC.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Small trees or shrubs, unarmed or sometimes spinose
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, often large, mostly ± oblong or elliptic, petiolate, usually coriaceous and persistent; stipules small, basally ± connate, often acuminate, deciduous
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite or sometimes infertile (polygamo-dioecious fide Benth. & Hook.f., G.P.) in subsessile or pedunculate many-flowered axillary cymes; bracts and bracteoles linear to lanceolate or elliptic, often leafy and accrescent
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube obconic or turbinate, sometimes 3–4-angled; lobes 3–6, linear to ovate, often leafy and accrescent, mostly longer than the corolla, persistent
    Corolla
    Corolla funnel-shaped, campanulate or barrel-shaped, retrorsely hairy or bristly inside but throat glabrous, glabrous or pilose outside; lobes 5–6, spreading or reflexed, elongate, mostly caudate-acuminate, sometimes very markedly so
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, inserted in the throat, the anthers exserted
    Disc
    Disk depressed, lobed
    Pistil
    Ovary (1–)2–5-locular; ovules solitary in each locule, pendulous; style thick, narrowed at both ends, stiffly pubescent to glabrous, sometimes with a conspicuous globular swelling near the base (some W. African species only); stigmatic club cylindrical, mitriform or peltate, 2–10-grooved
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous, often large, ovoid or subglobose, sometimes obscurely angled, with 1–5, 1 -seeded pyrenes.
    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D. Bridson. Flora Zambesiaca 5:2. 1998

    Habit
    Small trees or shrubs, unarmed or sometimes spinose.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, often large, mostly ± oblong or elliptic, petiolate, usually coriaceous and persistent; stipules small, basally ± connate, often acuminate, deciduous.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite or sometimes infertile (polygamo-dioecious fide Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl.), in subsessile or pedunculate many-flowered axillary cymes; bracts and bracteoles linear to lanceolate or elliptic, often leaf-like and accrescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube obconic or turbinate, sometimes 3–4-angled; limb-tube ± suppressed; lobes 3–6, linear to ovate, often leaf-like and accrescent, mostly longer than the corolla, persistent.
    Corolla
    Corolla funnel-shaped, campanulate or barrel-shaped, retrorsely hairy or bristly inside but throat glabrous, glabrous or pilose outside; lobes 5–6, spreading or reflexed, elongate, mostly caudate-acuminate, sometimes very markedly so.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, inserted in the throat, the anthers exserted.
    Disc
    Disk depressed, lobed.
    Style
    Style thick, narrowed at both ends, stiffly pubescent to glabrous, sometimes with a conspicuous globular swelling near the base (some West African species only).
    Pollen
    Pollen presenter cylindrical, mitriform or peltate, 2–10-grooved.
    Ovary
    Ovary (1)2–5-locular; ovules solitary in each locule, pendulous.
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous, often large, ovoid or subglobose, sometimes obscurely angled, with 1–5, 1-seeded pyrenes.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo, Zaïre

    Cuviera DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 17, 2005 Luke, W. R. Q. et al. [10026], Mozambique K000173060
    Jan 1, 1998 Mbani, J. M. [465], Cameroon K000436605
    Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [485], Cameroon K000798161

    First published in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 9: 222 (1807)

    Accepted by

    • Verstraete, B., Lachenaud, O., Smets, E., Dessein, S. & Sonké, B. (2013). Taxonomy and phylogenetics of Cuviera (Rubiaceae - Vanguerieae) and reinstatement of Globulostylis with the description of three new species Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 173: 407-411.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 3: 156. Nom. cons.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Hallé in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 106: 342 (1960), nom. conserv.
    • in Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 9: 222, t. 15 (1807).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • N. Hallé in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 106: 342 (1960), nom. conserv.
    • in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 9: 222, t. 15 (1807)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0