1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Dalbergia L.f.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Pacific, Southern America, Northern America, Australasia and Asia-Temperate.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Trees, free-standing or scandent shrubs or woody lianes, sometimes with branches modified as spines or climbing aids
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, imparipinnate, rarely (not in East Africa) 1-foliolate; stipules various, often small and usually caducous; stipels absent; leaflets alternate, rarely some of them subopposite
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal and axillary, paniculate or more rarely simply racemose; bracts and bracteoles small, usually caducous
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, shortly 5-lobed, rarely with the lateral lobes reduced and thus 3-lobed; lowest lobe usually narrower and the longest, the upper pair usually broader than the others and often more united
    Corolla
    Corolla small, white to yellowish-cream, sometimes flushed mauve or purplish, often fragrant; standard usually emarginate, with variously developed claw, glabrous or with only scattered hairs; wings free, ± oblong, narrowed or auriculate at base of blade; keel-petals obtuse, united on lower side towards apex
    Stamens
    Stamens 9 or 10, all united in a sheath open above, or with the vexillary stamen free or divided into 2 subequal phalanges or sometimes more irregularly divided; anthers small, erect, basifixed with apical dehiscence
    Pistil
    Ovary stipitate, with few ovules; style usually incurved and with a small terminal stigma
    Fruits
    Fruit indehiscent, usually oblong, linear or oblong-elliptic, samaroid, sometimes thickened over the seed-cavity, or sometimes (not in East Africa) thickened overall and variously shaped
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform and smooth in East Africa, elsewhere sometimes oblong or variously curved and wrinkled; hilum and rim-aril small.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, D.K. Harder, G.P. Lewis, J.M. Lock, R.M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:3. 2007

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs or lianes, occasionally spiny. Trees, shrubs or lianes, occasionally spiny.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, rarely unifoliolate (not in Flora area); leaflets alternate to subopposite; stipules caducous or sometimes subpersistent. Leaves imparipinnate, rarely unifoliolate (not in Flora area); leaflets alternate to subopposite; stipules caducous or sometimes subpersistent.
    Corolla
    Petals clawed; standard circular to obovate; wings oblong-obovate; keel petals usually dorsally connate at the apex, sometimes free. Petals clawed; standard circular to obovate; wings oblong-obovate; keel petals usually dorsally connate at the apex, sometimes free.
    Stamens
    Stamens connate into a dorsally split sheath, usually the upper one free or absent or stamens in 2 bundles of 5; anthers small, erect, didymous, the thecae dehiscing by an apical slit. Stamens connate into a dorsally split sheath, usually the upper one free or absent or stamens in 2 bundles of 5; anthers small, erect, didymous, the thecae dehiscing by an apical slit.
    Pistil
    Ovary stipitate, few-ovulate; style incurved; stigma small, terminal.
    Seeds
    Seed reniform, compressed; radicle inflexed. Seed reniform, compressed; radicle inflexed.
    Flowers
    Flowers white or violet-purple, fragrant, in terminal or axillary and terminal panicles, rarely in cymose racemes; bracts and bracteoles caducous or subpersistent. Flowers white or violet-purple, fragrant, in terminal or axillary and terminal panicles, rarely in cymose racemes; bracts and bracteoles caducous or subpersistent.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-dentate, with upper teeth broader than the lower ones. Calyx 5-dentate, with upper teeth broader than the lower ones.
    Ovary
    Ovary stipitate, few-ovulate; style incurved; stigma small, terminal.
    Fruits
    Pod indehiscent, flat, oblong or linear, ± thickened over the seeds. Pod indehiscent, flat, oblong or linear, ± thickened over the seeds.

    Images

    Distribution

    Found In:

    Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced Into:

    Free State, Iraq, Niger, Oman, Palestine

    Dalbergia L.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Identified Reference Herbarium Specimen Type Status
    May 1, 2010 Burchell [3114], Brazil K000909411
    Dec 2, 2009 Árbocz, G.F. [4866], Brazil K000909432
    Feb 1, 2007 Cheek, M. [12445], Cameroon K000436876
    Nov 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7799], Cameroon K000008370
    Jan 1, 1998 Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8371], Brazil K000909440
    Jan 1, 1997 Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8051], Brazil K000909441
    Jan 1, 1997 Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8200], Brazil K000909442
    Jan 1, 1997 Rodriguez, P.A. [7962], Brazil K000909443
    Mar 1, 1993 Burchell [2186], Brazil K000909406
    Jan 1, 1990 Cid Ferreira, C.A. [9100], Brazil K000909413
    Jan 1, 1986 Thomas, D.W. [2615], Cameroon K000087494
    Jan 1, 1972 Maas, P.J.M. [12947], Brazil K000909422
    s.coll. [1681], Brazil K000909387
    Ducke, A. [s.n.], Brazil K000909391
    Krukoff, B.A. [4807], Brazil K000909392
    Krukoff, B.A. [6271], Brazil K000909393
    Cid Ferreira, C.A. [3671], Brazil K000909394
    Colombia 44672.000
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000909395
    Irwin, H.S. [2729], Brazil K000909396
    Tschá, M.C. [263], Brazil K000909397
    Laurênio, A. [281], Brazil K000909398
    Irwin, H.S. [2729], Brazil K000909399
    Carvalho, A.M. [2275], Brazil K000909400
    Lewis, G.P. [1568], Brazil K000909401
    Lewis, G.P. [1568], Brazil K000909402
    Carvalho, A.M. [2321], Brazil K000909403
    Rocha, M.P. [3041], Brazil K000909404
    Carvalho, A.M. [2147], Brazil K000909405
    Heringer, E.P. [16926], Brazil K000909407
    Heringer, E.P. [16926], Brazil K000909408
    Carvalho, A.M. [2335], Brazil K000909409
    McWhirter, J. [249], Madagascar 32183.000
    Heringer, E.P. [16926], Brazil K000909410
    Oliveira, A.R.S. [276], Brazil K000909412
    Prance, G.T. [14134], Brazil K000909414
    Riedel [693], Brazil K000909415
    Prance, G.T. [3266], Brazil K000909416
    Krukoff, B.A. [1498], Brazil K000909417
    Queiroz, L.P. [12626], Brazil K000909418
    McWhirter, J. [170], Madagascar 32192.000
    Meireles, J.E. [431], Brazil K000909419
    Silva, J.M. [5798], Brazil K000909420
    Prance, G.T. [5581], Brazil K000909421
    Lopes, M.A. [510], Brazil K000909423
    Mendonça, R.C. [4255], Brazil K000909424
    Mendonça, R.C. [4255], Brazil K000909425
    Burchell [2874], Brazil K000909426
    Burchell [9874], Brazil K000909427
    Glaziou [10663], Brazil K000909428
    Rocha, M.P. [3041], Brazil K000909429
    Rocha, M.P. [3041], Brazil K000909430
    Rocha, M.P. [3041], Brazil K000909431
    Carvalho, A.M. [2133], Brazil K000909433
    Hatschbach, G.G. [56566], Brazil K000909434
    Hatschbach, G.G. [67821], Brazil K000909435
    Hatschbach, G.G. [78415], Brazil K000909436
    Hatschbach, G.G. [78469], Brazil K000909437
    Hamilton, W.D. [18], Brazil K000909438
    Heringer, E.P. [15079], Brazil K000909439
    Fonseca, M.L. [1125], Brazil K000909444
    Fonseca, M.L. [1125], Brazil K000909445
    Hatschbach, G.G. [67628], Brazil K000909446
    Prance, G.T. [5616], Rondônia K000835017
    McWhirter, J. [170], Madagascar 31909.000
    Glaziou, A. [20282], Brazil K000835077
    Barham, J. [9], Thailand K000764332
    Barham, J. [9], Thailand K000764333
    Du Puy, D. [M574], Madagascar 70193.000
    de Carvalho, A.M. [2147], Brazil 54644.000
    Thomas, D.W. [2526], Cameroon K000087493
    Maitland, T.D. [744], Cameroon K000087495
    de Carvalho, A.M. [2275], Brazil 54648.000

    First published in Suppl. Pl.: 52 (1782)

    Accepted in:

    • [1] Govaerts, R. (2000) World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141

    Literature

    • [2] —F.T.A. 2: 231.
    • [3] Bentham in Bentham & Hooker, Gen. Pl. 1: 544 (1865).
    • [4] —Bentham in Bentham & Hooker, Gen. Pl. 1: 544 (1865).
    • [5] Suppl. Pl.: 52 (1781) nom. conserv.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    [A] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    [B] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (2017). Published on the internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp
    [C] See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    [D] © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Wood Anatomy Microscope Slides
    [E] Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/