1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Flemingia Roxb. ex W.T.Aiton

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Herbs or subshrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves digitately 3-foliolate, rarely 1-foliolate; leaflets covered with small glands particularly beneath; stipules deciduous; stipels absent
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or terminal, racemose or paniculate, usually dense but sometimes 1-few-flowered
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed; lobes longer than the tube, usually glandular
    Corolla
    Corolla small, greenish or yellowish; standard oblong or elliptic, auriculate; wings very narrow
    Stamens
    Vexillary stamen free; anthers uniform
    Pistil
    Ovary ellipsoid, 2-ovuled; style filiform, enlarged above; stigma very small
    Fruits
    Pods oblong-ovoid, inflated, the style oblique and persistent
    Seeds
    Seeds 2, globose; hilum oval.
    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Vernacular
    waras
    Habit
    Herbs or shrubs
    Ecology
    Seasonally dry tropical forest, woodland, wooded grassland and grassland, sometimes near swamps and streams; also in disturbed and waste areas
    Distribution
    SE Asia (Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, China, Malesia, Papuasia, c. 26-29 spp.) to Australia (c. 3-4 spp.); Africa 1 sp. and F. grahamiana Wight & Arn. widespread in Africa and Asia
    Note
    Placed in subtribe Cajaninae; genus in need of revision

    Previous accounts of the Phaseoleae by Baudet (1978) and Lackey (1981) recognised 90 and 84 genera and c. 1540 and 1480 species respectively in the tribe. In an equivalent, i.e. traditionally held view of Phaseoleae, 89 genera and (1554)–1567–(1580) species are treated here (Table 9; Fig. 47). Changes between Baudet (1978) and this treatment are that eleven genera are now in synonymy or have subsequently been placed in Millettieae, two genera have been transferred from Desmodieae and eight new genera have been added. Vigna has traditionally been thought to comprise some 150–200 species, but Vigna sens. strict. may contain fewer than 100.

    Recent molecular analyses of the tribe, however, have emphasised both the polyphyletic and paraphyletic nature of Phaseoleae as traditionally circumscribed (Bruneau & Doyle, 1990; Doyle & Doyle, 1993; Delgado Salinas et al., 1993; Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 1997, 2000; Kajita et al., 2001; Goel et al., 2001; Lee & Hymowitz, 2001). This has required a radical realignment of elements of the phaseoloids (Table 9; Fig. 47), with at least two major clades being evident: Phaseoleae subtribes Diocleinae and Ophrestiinae which together with tribe Abreae are allied to the core-Millettieae (Fig. 45), and the remaining groups comprising a Phaseoleae sens. lat. clade. The rbcL phylogeny of Kajita et al. (2001) and the ITS analysis of Hu et al. (2002) are equivocal as to which clade subtribe Clitoriinae belongs. Phaseoleae sens. lat. also includes two traditionally independent tribes, the Desmodieae and Psoraleeae. Delimiting a recircumscribed Phaseoleae sens. strict is thus very problematic. A solution may be to recognise a broad tribe Phaseoleae, comprising the subtribes Kennediinae, Cajaninae, Phaseolinae and Glycininae, assorted basally branching genera, and tribes Desmodieae and Psoraleeae (both treated at subtribal level).

    [LOWO]
    Use
    Used as cover crops, green manure, medicine, human food (underground tubers) and an orange dye (known as waras )

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Benin, Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Réunion, Seychelles, Society Is., Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

    Flemingia Roxb. ex W.T.Aiton appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Hortus Kew. 4: 349 (1812)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Rudd in Taxon 19: 294 (1970), non Rottl. (1803), nom. conserv. propos
    • Ali in Regn. Veg. 40:25 (1965)
    • Hort. Kew., ed. 2, 4: 349 (1812)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0