1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Gaertnera Lam.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Madagascar, Tropical Asia.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Usually glabrous evergreen trees and shrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, mostly distinctly petiolate, often rather coriaceous.
    Stipules
    Stipules intrapetiolar, joined, the sheath distinctly leafy or truncate or with 4-many setae.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences cymose, terminal, usually many-flowered, ± capitate to laxly paniculate; bracts and bracteoles present, the latter often adnate to the calyx.
    Flowers
    Flowers often (but apparently not always) heterostylous but not always with anthers well-exserted.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube globose, obovoid or ovoid, the limb campanulate, ± truncate or 5-lobed.
    Corolla
    Corolla mostly sweet-scented, funnel-shaped or ± salver-shaped, the tube usually elongate and cylindrical but sometimes shorter than the limb; lobes 5, valvate.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted beneath the throat; anthers linear, included.
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, bilocular with one erect ovule in each locule; style filiform, sometimes thickened and puberulous towards the apex, with 2 linear stigmatic lobes.
    Fruits
    Fruit globose, obovoid, oblong-ellipsoid or fusiform, smooth or ribbed, indehiscent, ± fleshy.
    Pyrene
    Pyrenes and seeds similarly shaped, globose to fusiform; albumen copious; embryo small, erect.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Borneo, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Mali, Mauritius, Nigeria, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Togo, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre

    Gaertnera Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Richardson, I. [4046] 40871.000
    Davis, A.P. [2154], Madagascar 61302.000
    Davis, A.P. [2223], Madagascar 63722.000
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 9062], Sri Lanka K001132157

    First published in Tabl. Encycl.: t. 167 (1792)

    Accepted by

    • Taylor, C.M., Malcomber, S. & Schatz, G.E. (2014). Updated taxonomy of Gaertnera (Rubiaceae, Gaertnereae) in Madagascar, with sixteen new species Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 99: 688-729.
    • Malcomber, S.T. & Taylor, C.M. (2009). A systematic revision of Gaertnera (Rubiaceae, Gaertnereae) Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 96: 575-671.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 4, 1: 542. Nom. cons.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Verdc., Fl. des Mascareignes, Rubiaceae: in press (1989) nom. conserv.
    • Illustr. Gen. 2: 273 (1792).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0