1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Lannea A.Rich.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs or suffrutices; young plants usually with stellate indumentum; bark tough and used as string
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, imparipinnate, trifoliolate or rarely unifoliolate, usually clustered at the end of the branches; leaflets sessile or petiolulate, opposite or subopposite, usually entire
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences often produced before the leaves, ♂ essentially paniculate but the branchlets reduced to mere knobs on which the flowers are clustered so that they seem spike-like, ♀ racemose to spicate; sometimes the spikelike panicles are themselves branched
    Flowers
    Plants dioecious, sometimes the trees being entirely ♂ and others producing apparently bisexual flowers in which the stamens may or may not be functional Male flowers: calyx 4-partite, segments imbricate; petals 4, imbricate; stamens 8, with the subulate filaments inserted below the disk; anthers dorsifixed; disk somewhat cup-shaped, 8-crenulate with a 4-cleft vestigial ovary at the centre Female flowers: hermaphrodite or perhaps functionally ♀ only; perianth as in ♂; stamens shorter than ovary, but normally antheriferous; ovary ovoid or subglobose, 4-locular, with 2–3 abortive locules; ovule pendent from a long funicle attached at the apex of the locule; styles 3–4, free, subterminal; stigmas simple or subcapitate
    Male
    Male flowers: calyx 4-partite, segments imbricate; petals 4, imbricate; stamens 8, with the subulate filaments inserted below the disk; anthers dorsifixed; disk somewhat cup-shaped, 8-crenulate with a 4-cleft vestigial ovary at the centre
    Female
    Female flowers: hermaphrodite or perhaps functionally ♀ only; perianth as in ♂; stamens shorter than ovary, but normally antheriferous; ovary ovoid or subglobose, 4-locular, with 2–3 abortive locules; ovule pendent from a long funicle attached at the apex of the locule; styles 3–4, free, subterminal; stigmas simple or subcapitate
    Fruits
    Drupe compressed, obovoid, ovoid or ± oblong, showing persistent separated style-bases; mesocarp thin; endocarp woody, surface ridged and alveolate, with 1–2 ovate opercules at the apex
    Seeds
    Seeds somewhat reniform, compressed; cotyledons plano-convex.
    [FZ]

    Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes & A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Shrublets, suffrutices, shrubs or trees, with the young parts and inflorescences stellately tomentose.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, imparipinnate or 3-foliolate or rarely 1-foliolate, usually clustered at the end of the branches; leaflets entire, sessile or petiolulate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles terminal or axillary, ± branched and pyramidal or spike-like (the lateral branches very short), often arising before the leaves.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: calyx 4-partite, the segments imbricate; petals 4, imbricate; stamens 8 with the filaments subulate inserted below the disk; anthers ovate or sagittate, dorsifixed; disk ± cup-shaped, 8-crenulate with a 4-cleft vestigial ovary at the centre. Female flowers: perianth similar to that of the male flowers; staminodes short; ovary ovoid or subglobose, 4-locular, with 2–3 abortive loculi; ovule pendent from a long funicle attached at the apex of the loculus; styles 3–4, subterminal; stigmas ± capitate.
    Fruits
    Drupe obovoid or ovoid, ± compressed or subglobose; mesocarp thin; endocarp woody, the surface unequally ridged and alveolate, with 1–2 ovate opercules at the apex.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± reniform, compressed; cotyledons plano-convex.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Lannea A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J.B.A.Guillemin & G.S.Perrottet, Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 153 (1831)

    Accepted by

    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Engl. in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. Nachtr. 1: 213 (1897).
    • in Guill. & Perr. Fl. Seneg. 1: 153 (1831)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Guill., Perr. & Rich., Fl. Senegamb. Tent. 1: 153 (1831) nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Guill., Perr. & Rich., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 153 (1831), nom. conserv.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0