1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Lasianthus Jack

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica to Colombia, Caribbean, Tropical Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Shrubs or rarely small trees, sometimes foetid (usually not in the Flora area), glabrous to hairy or strigose
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, mostly acuminate, thin to coriaceous, petiolate, usually with numerous arching lateral nerves and close venation; stipules interpetiolar, usually broadly triangular or lanceolate, not divided, persistent or deciduous
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite or sometimes unisexual, sometimes heterostylous, mostly small, mostly in sessile axillary fascicles or glomerules or less often in pedunculate, simple or branched inflorescences; pedicels mostly absent; bracts present, usually small
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube subglobose, ovoid, oblong or urceolate; limb 3–6-toothed or lobed, persistent
    Corolla
    Corolla often white or pink, salver-shaped or somewhat funnel-shaped; tube densely hairy at the throat; lobes 4–6, spreading or ± erect
    Stamens
    Stamens 4–6, inserted in the throat of the corolla; filaments very short; anthers ± dorsifixed near their base, included or shortly exserted
    Disc
    Disc swollen and fleshy
    Pistil
    Ovary 4–12-locular; ovules solitary in each locule, erect from the base, bent, anatropous; style short or elongate, glabrous or hairy, shortly 4–10-lobed at the apex, the lobes linear or obtuse
    Fruits
    Fruits ± succulent, very often blue but sometimes pink, purple, white or black, with 4–12 pyrenes; pyrenes cartilaginous or bony, segment-shaped or pyriform, ± 3-angled with flat sides, the dorsal curved face often grooved, keeled or winged, 1-seeded
    Seeds
    Seeds narrowly oblong, curved, with membranous testa and fleshy albumen.
    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Shrubs or rarely small trees, sometimes foetid (usually not in Africa), glabrous to hairy or strigose.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, mostly acuminate, thin to coriaceous, petiolate, usually with numerous arching lateral nerves and close venation; stipules interpetiolar, usually broadly triangular or lanceolate, not divided, persistent or deciduous.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite or sometimes unisexual, sometimes heterostylous, mostly small, mostly in sessile axillary fascicles or glomerules or less often in pedunculate, simple or branched inflorescences; pedicels mostly absent; bracts present, usually small.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube subglobose, ovoid, oblong or urceolate; limb 3–6-toothed or lobed, persistent.
    Corolla
    Corolla often white or pink, salver-shaped or somewhat funnel-shaped; tube densely hairy at the throat; lobes 4–6, spreading or ± erect.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4–6, inserted in the throat of the corolla; filaments very short; anthers ± dorsifixed near their base, included or shortly exserted.
    Disc
    Disk swollen and fleshy.
    Pistil
    Ovary 4–12-locular; ovules solitary in each locule, erect from the base, bent, anatropous; style short or elongate, glabrous or hairy, shortly 4–10-lobed at the apex, the lobes linear or obtuse.
    Fruits
    Fruits ± succulent, very often blue but sometimes pink, purple, white or black, with 4–12 pyrenes; pyrenes cartilaginous or bony, segment-shaped or pyriform, ± 3-angled with flat sides, the dorsal curved face often grooved, keeled or winged, 1-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds narrowly oblong, curved, with membranous testa and fleshy albumen.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Panamá, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Lasianthus Jack appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Coode [6031], Indonesia 55484.000
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8440], Malaysia K001125521
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8441] K001125522
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8441] K001125523
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8441] K001125524
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8443], Malaysia K001125528
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8439] K001125520

    First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 125 (1823)

    Accepted by

    • Zhu, H., Roos, M.C. & Ridsdale, C.E. (2012). A taxonomic revision of the Malesian species of Lasianthus (Rubiaceae) Blumea 57: 1-102.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Jannerup, P.L. (2006). A revision of the genus Lasianthus (Rubiaceae) in Africa, excluding Madagascar Nordic Journal of Botany 23: 641-702.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 3: 228. Nom. cons.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Verdc. in Kew Bull. 11: 450 (1957) nom. conserv.
    • in Trans. Linn. Soc.14: 125 (1823).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in K.B. 11: 450 (1957), nom. conserv.
    • in Trans. Linn. Soc. 14: 125 (1823)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0