1. Family: Celastraceae R.Br.
    1. Salacia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FZ]

    Celastraceae, N. K. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual or functionally unisexual.
    Calyx
    Sepals (4)5(6), imbricate, free or ± united, the inner ones sometimes ± petaloid.
    Corolla
    Petals (4)5(6), green, white, yellow, orange, brownish or red, imbricate in bud.
    Disc
    Disk extrastaminal, single, varying in shape, free or variously united with other floral parts.
    Stamens
    Stamens (2)3(4), with filaments often ± broadened below, free or united with the ovary or gynophore, becoming reflexed; anthers versatile, extrorse or apical, with thecae vertical to oblique or transverse, free or ± confluent; pollen simple.
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, (2)3-locular, with 2–8 axile ovules in 1–2 rows per loculus, sessile or on a gynophore, usually immersed in the disk; style simple; stigma 3-lobed or entire.
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous, globose or ± elongated, with coriaceous exocarp and mucilaginous pulp (mesocarp), (2)3-locular, soon becoming 1-locular by evanescence of dissepiments, 1-c. 20-seeded.
    Seeds
    Germination hypogeal (2 species). Seeds (pyrenes) ± irregular.
    Cytology
    Chromosome number: 2n = 28 (8 species).
    Habit
    Lianes or shrubs or small trees, often with the upper branches scandent, rarely rhizomatous shrublets, with or without latex.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite to alternate, petiolate; stipules small, free, deciduous, or absent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence pedunculate or sessile, cymose, dichasial or monochasial or fasciculate, simple, without accessory branches, axillary or extra-axillary; bracts persistent.
    [FTEA]

    Celastraceae, N.K.B. Robson, N. Hallé, B. Mathew and R. Blakelock†. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1994

    Habit
    Lianes, shrubs or small trees
    Exudate
    Latex absent or present
    Stipules
    Stipules small, deciduous, free
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, subopposite or sometimes alternate, petiolate; blade entire or toothed
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 1–many-flowered, sessile or pedunculate, axillary or caulinary, sometimes cymose, dichasial or umbelliform, simple without accessory branches; bracts persistent
    Flowers
    Flowers moderately sized to large, ± (2–)4–20 mm. in diameter, pedicellate; buds globose or ovoid to subconical, sepals (4–)5(–6), imbricate, free or somewhat united
    Corolla
    Petals (4–)5(–6), imbricate in bud
    Disc
    Disc always developed, extrastaminal, variously shaped, entire or lobed
    Stamens
    Stamens (2–)3; filaments often becoming reflexed or revolute; anthers uni- or bithecate with extrorse or nearly apical dehiscence (the line of dehiscence is sometimes apical at the bud stage); pollen simple, tricolporate
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, sessile, often immersed in the disc, usually with a small androgynophore united with the disc; locules (2–)3, each with 2–9 axile ovules in 1–2 rows; stigma entire or 3-lobed
    Fruits
    Fruit a globose or elongated berry with 1–many seeds; exocarp supple or tough; mesocarp soft, fleshy; endocarp mucilaginous
    Seeds
    Seed-integument thin; cotyledons free or fused.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Salacia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1989 Nemba, J. [276], Cameroon K000093284
    Troupin, G. [3365], Congo, DRC 9799.000
    Jacobs, M. [5515] 31297.000
    Pennington, T.D. [13311], Bolivia 57426.000
    Faulkner [1996], Tanzania 33305.000
    Zarucchi, J.L. [1451], Colombia 48891.000
    Baker, W.J. [448], Cameroon K000460204
    Etuge, M. [410], Cameroon K000093279
    Cazalel, P. [7698], Ecuador 6476.000
    Arbo, M.M. [7681], Brazil K001138876
    Arbo, M.M. [7681], Brazil K001138877
    Acworth, J.M. [340], Cameroon K000437040
    Pouakouyou, D. [105], Cameroon K000460029
    Vicentini, A. [449], Brazil Tontelea K001138949

    First published in Mant. Pl. 2: 159 (1771)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 20B: 217 (1942).
    • Loes. in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 44: 156 (1910)
    • F.T.A. 1: 372
    • Mant. 2: 159, 293 (1771)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Mant. Pl. Alt.: 159, 293 (1771).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • N. Hallé in Fl. Cameroun 32: 18 (1990)
    • N. Robson in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 344 (1990)
    • Fl. Rwanda 2: 336 (1983)
    • Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 247 (1982)
    • N. Robson in F.Z. 2, 2: 355 (1966)
    • R. Wilczek in F.C.B. 9: 181 (1960)
    • Mant. Pl. Alt: 159, 293 (1771)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0