1. Family: Celastraceae R.Br.
    1. Salacia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.


    Celastraceae, N. K. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Flowers bisexual or functionally unisexual.
    Sepals (4)5(6), imbricate, free or ± united, the inner ones sometimes ± petaloid.
    Petals (4)5(6), green, white, yellow, orange, brownish or red, imbricate in bud.
    Disk extrastaminal, single, varying in shape, free or variously united with other floral parts.
    Stamens (2)3(4), with filaments often ± broadened below, free or united with the ovary or gynophore, becoming reflexed; anthers versatile, extrorse or apical, with thecae vertical to oblique or transverse, free or ± confluent; pollen simple.
    Ovary superior, (2)3-locular, with 2–8 axile ovules in 1–2 rows per loculus, sessile or on a gynophore, usually immersed in the disk; style simple; stigma 3-lobed or entire.
    Fruit drupaceous, globose or ± elongated, with coriaceous exocarp and mucilaginous pulp (mesocarp), (2)3-locular, soon becoming 1-locular by evanescence of dissepiments, 1-c. 20-seeded.
    Germination hypogeal (2 species). Seeds (pyrenes) ± irregular.
    Chromosome number: 2n = 28 (8 species).
    Lianes or shrubs or small trees, often with the upper branches scandent, rarely rhizomatous shrublets, with or without latex.
    Leaves opposite to alternate, petiolate; stipules small, free, deciduous, or absent.
    Inflorescence pedunculate or sessile, cymose, dichasial or monochasial or fasciculate, simple, without accessory branches, axillary or extra-axillary; bracts persistent.

    Celastraceae, N.K.B. Robson, N. Hallé, B. Mathew and R. Blakelock†. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1994

    Lianes, shrubs or small trees
    Latex absent or present
    Stipules small, deciduous, free
    Leaves opposite, subopposite or sometimes alternate, petiolate; blade entire or toothed
    Inflorescence 1–many-flowered, sessile or pedunculate, axillary or caulinary, sometimes cymose, dichasial or umbelliform, simple without accessory branches; bracts persistent
    Flowers moderately sized to large, ± (2–)4–20 mm. in diameter, pedicellate; buds globose or ovoid to subconical, sepals (4–)5(–6), imbricate, free or somewhat united
    Petals (4–)5(–6), imbricate in bud
    Disc always developed, extrastaminal, variously shaped, entire or lobed
    Stamens (2–)3; filaments often becoming reflexed or revolute; anthers uni- or bithecate with extrorse or nearly apical dehiscence (the line of dehiscence is sometimes apical at the bud stage); pollen simple, tricolporate
    Ovary superior, sessile, often immersed in the disc, usually with a small androgynophore united with the disc; locules (2–)3, each with 2–9 axile ovules in 1–2 rows; stigma entire or 3-lobed
    Fruit a globose or elongated berry with 1–many seeds; exocarp supple or tough; mesocarp soft, fleshy; endocarp mucilaginous
    Seed-integument thin; cotyledons free or fused.



    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Salacia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1989 Nemba, J. [276], Cameroon K000093284
    Troupin, G. [3365], Congo, DRC 9799.000
    Jacobs, M. [5515] 31297.000
    Pennington, T.D. [13311], Bolivia 57426.000
    Faulkner [1996], Tanzania 33305.000
    Zarucchi, J.L. [1451], Colombia 48891.000
    Baker, W.J. [448], Cameroon K000460204
    Etuge, M. [410], Cameroon K000093279
    Cazalel, P. [7698], Ecuador 6476.000
    Arbo, M.M. [7681], Brazil K001138876
    Arbo, M.M. [7681], Brazil K001138877
    Acworth, J.M. [340], Cameroon K000437040
    Pouakouyou, D. [105], Cameroon K000460029
    Vicentini, A. [449], Brazil Tontelea K001138949

    First published in Mant. Pl. 2: 159 (1771)


    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 20B: 217 (1942).
    • Loes. in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 44: 156 (1910)
    • F.T.A. 1: 372
    • Mant. 2: 159, 293 (1771)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Mant. Pl. Alt.: 159, 293 (1771).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • N. Hallé in Fl. Cameroun 32: 18 (1990)
    • N. Robson in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 344 (1990)
    • Fl. Rwanda 2: 336 (1983)
    • Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 247 (1982)
    • N. Robson in F.Z. 2, 2: 355 (1966)
    • R. Wilczek in F.C.B. 9: 181 (1960)
    • Mant. Pl. Alt: 159, 293 (1771)


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    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

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    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0