1. Family: Meliaceae Juss.
    1. Trichilia P.Browne

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America, Tropical & S. Africa, Conoros, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Trees, often of large size, or rarely shrublets
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, rarely 3-foliolate or 1-foliolate
    Flowers
    Flowers unisexual (plants dioecious) in cymes or cymose panicles
    Calyx
    Calyx cupuliform with 5 minute teeth, or deeply lobed with 5 deltate or circular lobes
    Corolla
    Petals 5, free, imbricate
    Stamens
    Filaments 10, completely united to form a staminal tube bearing the anthers on its ± entire margin or united only in the lower half and then anthers inserted between a pair of deltate appendages; anthers glabrous
    Disc
    Disk completely fused to the base of the staminal tube or cup-shaped and free from it
    Pistil
    Pistillode similar to the gynoecium but narrower, usually with vestigial ovules Ovary small, with 2–4 locules, each with 2 collateral or superposed ovules; style elongate, much longer than the ovary, distally expanded to form a capitate or annular style-head surmounted by a lobed stigmatic area
    Fruits
    Fruit a loculicidal capsule with (2–)3(–4) ± leathery rather thin valves
    Seeds
    Seeds large, each partly or almost completely covered by a bright red aril, or the aril apparendy absent and then the testa fleshy.
    [FZ]

    Meliaceae, F. White & B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Trees, often of large size, or rarely shrublets.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, rarely 3-foliolate or 1-foliolate, alternate, leaflets entire.
    Flowers
    Flowers unisexual and apparently dioecious but with little external difference between those that are functionally male and those that are functionally female, borne in cymes or cymose panicles.
    Calyx
    Calyx cupuliform with 5 minute teeth, or deeply lobed with 5 deltate or circular lobes.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, free, imbricate, much longer than the calyx in bud, linear or linear-oblong.
    Stamens
    Filaments 10, completely united to form a staminal tube bearing the anthers on its more or less entire margin or united only in the lower half and then anthers inserted between a pair of deltate appendages; anthers glabrous; antherodes smaller than the anthers and not producing pollen.
    Disc
    Disk always present (in our area), either completely fused to the base of the staminal tube or cup-shaped and free from it.
    Pistil
    Pistillode similar to the gynoecium but narrower, usually with vestigial ovules. Ovary small, with 2–3 (4) loculi, each with 2 collateral or superposed ovules; style elongate, much longer than the ovary, distally expanded to form a capitate coroniform or ovoid style-head, only part of which is stigmatic; stigmatic surface entire or deeply 2–3-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit a loculicidal capsule with (2) 3 (4) ± leathery rather thin valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds large, each partly or almost completely covered by a bright red aril, or the aril apparently absent and then the testa fleshy.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Trichilia P.Browne appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Pennington, T. [7557], Ecuador 63813.000
    Pennington, T.D. [12297], Ecuador 53036.000
    Pennington, T.D. [12360], Peru 54527.000
    Cheek, M. [1360], Madagascar 61740.000
    Cheek, M. [1257], Madagascar 63808.000
    Cheek [3066], Cameroon 56190.000

    First published in Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 278 (1756)

    Accepted by

    • Pennington, T.D. & Clarkson, J.J. (eds.) (2016). A revision of american Trichilia (Meliaceae) Phytotaxa 259: 1-162.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Harms in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 19B, 1: 104 (1940).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 333
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • L, Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1020 (1759) nom. conserv.
    • Hist. Jam.: 278 (1756)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pennington & Styles in Blumea 22: 467 (1975), nom. consenv.
    • J.J. de Wilde, Revision of the species of Trichilia on the African Continent, in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 68-2: 1–207 (1968)
    • L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10: 1020 (1759)
    • Hist. Jamaica: 278 (1756)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0