1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Breonadia Ridsdale

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Small to medium-sized trees
    Buds
    Terminal vegetative buds conical
    Leaves
    Leaves in whorls of 3 or 4, petiolate, with or without domatia in the axils of the nerves; stipules narrowly triangular, deciduous
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences lateral, the axes usually unbranched; nodes with strongly cohering stipules modified into circumscissile calyptra-like bracts surrounding the young inflorescence; true peduncle elongating, glabrous or pubescent
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous, subsessile on the densely pubescent receptacle, separated by numerous spathulate bracteoles
    Calyx
    Calyx with limb-tube developed, densely hairy outside, slightly pubescent inside; lobes oblong
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube hypocrateriform; lobes oblong, imbricate
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted in the throat, exserted; filaments short, glabrous; anthers basifixed, introrse
    Ovary
    Ovary 2-locular; placentas shortly obovoid, attached to the upper third of the ovary, the axis later detaching from the receptacle
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, bilaterally compressed, not winged.
    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Small to medium sized trees.
    Buds
    Terminal vegetative buds conical.
    Leaves
    Leaves in whorls of 3 or 4, petiolate, with or without domatia in the axils of the nerves; stipules narrowly triangular, deciduous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences lateral, the axes usually unbranched; nodes with strongly cohering stipules modified into circumscissile calyptra-like bracts surrounding the young inflorescence; true peduncle elongating, glabrous or pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous, subsessile on the densely pubescent receptacle separated by numerous spathulate bracteoles.
    Calyx
    Calyx tubes free from each other; limb-tube developed, densely hairy outside, slightly pubescent inside; lobes oblong.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube hypocrateriform; lobes oblong, imbricate.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted in the throat, exserted; anthers basifixed, introrse; filaments short, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2-locular; placentas shortly obovoid, attached to the upper third of the septum; ovules 2–5 per loculus, pendulous; style exserted, pollen presenter clavate with receptive area in distal part.
    Fruits
    Infructescence a head of capsules, each with hard endocarp splitting into 4, the apical part and calyx remnants usually attached to a central axis formed from the septum of the ovary, the axis later detaching from the receptacle.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, bilaterally compressed, not winged.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Breonadia Ridsdale appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Blumea 22: 549 (1975)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Blumea 22: 549 (1975).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Blumea 22: 549 (1975)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0